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PDFWAC 246-840-4661

Treatment planAcute nonoperative pain.

The advanced registered nurse practitioner shall comply with the requirements in this section when prescribing opioid analgesics for acute nonoperative pain and shall document completion of these requirements in the patient record.
(1) The advanced registered nurse practitioner shall consider recommending or prescribing nonopioid analgesics as the first line of pain control in patients under the provisions of WAC 246-840-4653, unless not clinically appropriate.
(2) The advanced registered nurse practitioner, or practitioner's authorized designee as defined in WAC 246-470-050, shall conduct queries of the prescription monitoring program (PMP) in accordance with the provisions of WAC 246-840-4990 to identify any Schedule II-V medications or drugs of concern received by the patient, and document their review and any concerns.
(3) If the advanced registered nurse practitioner prescribes opioids for effective pain control, such prescription must not be in greater quantity than needed for the expected duration of pain severe enough to require opioids. A three-day supply or less will often be sufficient; more than a seven-day supply will rarely be needed. The advanced registered nurse practitioner shall not prescribe beyond a seven-day supply without clinical documentation in the patient record to justify the need for such a quantity.
(4) The advanced registered nurse practitioner shall reevaluate the patient who does not follow the expected course of recovery. If significant and documented improvement in function or pain control has not occurred, the advanced registered nurse practitioner shall reconsider the continued use of opioids, or whether tapering or discontinuing opioids is clinically indicated.
(5) Follow-up visits for pain control must include objectives or metrics to be used to determine treatment success if opioids are to be continued. This includes, at a minimum:
(a) Change in pain level;
(b) Change in physical function;
(c) Change in psychosocial function; and
(d) Additional planned diagnostic evaluations to investigate causes of continued acute nonoperative pain or other treatments.
(6) Long-acting or extended release opioids are not typically indicated for acute nonoperative pain. Should an advanced registered nurse practitioner need to prescribe a long-acting opioid for acute pain, that reason must be documented in the patient record.
(7) Medication assisted treatment (MAT) medications shall not be discontinued when treating acute pain, except as consistent with the provisions of WAC 246-840-4970.
(8) If the advanced registered nurse practitioner elects to treat a patient with opioids beyond the six-week time period of acute nonoperative pain, the advanced registered nurse practitioner shall document in the patient record that the patient is transitioning from acute pain to subacute pain. Rules governing the treatment of subacute pain, WAC 246-840-4665 and 246-840-4667, shall apply.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.79.800 and 2017 c 297. WSR 18-20-086, § 246-840-4661, filed 10/1/18, effective 11/1/18.]
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