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Chapter 296-155 WAC

Last Update: 3/18/14

SAFETY STANDARDS FOR CONSTRUCTION WORK

WAC Sections

PART A
GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROVISIONS
Foreword.
Subsections, subdivisions, items, subitems, and segments.
Purpose and scope.
Equipment approval by nonstate agency or organization.
Incorporation of standards of national organization.
Incorporation of standards of federal agency.
Equipment whether or not owned by, or under control of the employer.
Variance and procedure.
Definitions applicable to all sections of this chapter.
Education and first-aid standards.
Housekeeping.
Acceptable certifications.
General requirements.
Safe place standards.
PART B-1
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
Management's responsibility.
Employee's responsibility.
Accident prevention program.
Safety bulletin board.
First-aid training and certification.
First-aid supplies.
First-aid station.
Sanitation.
Occupational noise exposure.
Ionizing radiation.
Nonionizing radiation.
Gases, vapors, fumes, dusts, and mists.
Lighting and illumination.
Ventilation.
Methylenedianiline.
Scope and application.
Definitions.
Permissible exposure limits.
Communication among employers.
Emergency situations.
Exposure monitoring.
Regulated areas.
Methods of compliance.
Respiratory protection.
Protective work clothing and equipment.
Hygiene facilities and practices.
Communication of hazards.
Housekeeping.
Medical surveillance.
Medical removal.
Recordkeeping.
Observation of monitoring.
Appendices.
Startup dates.
Appendix A to WAC 296-155-173Substance data sheet, for 4-4'-methylenedianiline.
Appendix B to WAC 296-155-173Substance technical guidelines, MDA.
Appendix C to WAC 296-155-173Medical surveillance guidelines for MDA.
Appendix D to WAC 296-155-173Sampling and analytical methods for MDA monitoring and measurement procedures.
Cadmium.
Lead.
Scope.
Definitions.
Permissible exposure limit.
Exposure assessment.
Methods of compliance.
Respiratory protection.
Protective work clothing and equipment.
Housekeeping.
Hygiene facilities and practices.
Medical surveillance.
Medical removal protection.
Communication of hazards.
Signs.
Recordkeeping.
Observation of monitoring.
Appendix A to WAC 296-155-176Substance data sheet for occupational exposure to lead.
Appendix B to WAC 296-155-176Employee standard summary.
Appendix C to WAC 296-155-176Medical surveillance guidelines.
PART B-2
HAZARD COMMUNICATION
Hazard communication.
PART C
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT
General requirements for personal protective equipment (PPE).
Definitions applicable to this chapter.
Confined spaces.
Definitions.
Confined space work on sewer systems under construction.
Head protection.
Hearing protection.
Leg protection.
Foot protection.
Eye and face protection.
Respiratory protection.
Working over or adjacent to water.
Sterilization of protective equipment.
PART C-1
FALL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION
Scope and application.
Definitions.
General requirements.
Fall protection required regardless of height.
Fall protection required at four feet or more.
Fall protection required at ten feet or more.
Fall arrest specifications.
Fall restraint specifications.
Positioning device system specifications.
Other specifications.
Training.
Appendix ADetermining roof widthsNonmandatory guidelines for complying with WAC 296-155-24615.
Appendix BCalculating fall clearance distance using a shock-absorbing lanyard and D-ring anchorage connectorNonmandatory guidelines for complying with WAC 296-155-24613 (1)(d).
PART D
FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION
Definitions applicable to this part.
Fire protection.
Fire prevention.
Flammable liquids.
Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas).
Temporary heating devices.
PART E
SIGNALING AND FLAGGERS
Signaling and flaggers.
Barricades.
Definitions applicable to this part.
PART F
STORAGE, USE, AND DISPOSAL
General requirements for storage.
Disposal of waste materials.
PART F-1
RIGGING REQUIREMENTS FOR MATERIAL HANDLING
Rigging requirements for material handling.
Scope.
Definitions.
RiggingGeneral requirements.
Rigger qualifications.
General requirements.
Slings.
Chain slings.
Wire rope slings.
Metal mesh slings.
Synthetic rope slings.
Synthetic webbing slings.
Synthetic roundslings.
Rigging hardware and lifting devices other than slings and rigging hardware.
General requirements.
Shackles.
Adjustable hardware.
Compression hardware.
Links, rings, and swivels.
Rigging blocks.
Lifting devices other than slings and rigging hardware.
Structural and mechanical lifters.
Vacuum lifters.
Close proximity lifting magnets.
Remotely operated lifting magnets.
Scrap and material handling grapples.
PART G
TOOLSHAND AND POWER
General requirements.
Hand tools.
Power-operated hand tools.
Safety requirements for powder actuated fastening systems, in accordance with ANSI A10.3-1985, Safety Requirements for Powder Actuated Fastening Systems.
Scope.
Purpose.
Definitions applicable to this section.
Requirements.
Power loads.
Fasteners.
Operation.
Limitations of use.
Maintenance and storage.
Authorized instructor.
Qualified operator.
Abrasive wheels and tools.
Masonry saws.
Woodworking tools.
JacksLever and ratchet, screw, and hydraulic.
Air receivers.
PART H
WELDING AND CUTTING
Gas welding and cutting.
Arc welding and cutting.
Protective clothing.
Fire prevention.
Ventilation and protection in welding, cutting, and heating.
Welding, cutting, and heating in way of preservative coatings.
PART I
ELECTRICAL
Introduction.
General requirements.
Lockout and tagging of circuits.
Maintenance of equipment.
Environmental deterioration of equipment.
Batteries and battery charging.
Applicability.
General requirements.
Wiring design and protection.
Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use.
Specific purpose equipment and installations.
Hazardous (classified) locations.
Special systems.
Definitions applicable to this part.
PART J
STAIRWAYS
Note: Requirements relating to portable ladders and fixed ladders have been moved to chapter 296-876 WAC, Ladders, portable and fixed.
Scope and application.
Definitions applicable to this part.
General requirements.
Stairways.
PART J-1
SCAFFOLDS
Note: Requirements relating to scaffolds have been moved to chapter 296-869 WAC.
PART L
CRANES, RIGGING, AND PERSONNEL LIFTING
Scope and definitions.
Scope.
Certification and proof load testingRequirement.
Definitions.
Crane certifier accreditation process.
Accreditation of crane certifiers of cranes and derricksRequirements.
AccreditationApplication form and applicant qualifications.
Issuance of accreditation.
Accreditation applicationProcessing time.
Duration and renewal of an accreditation.
Revocation or suspension of an accreditation.
Monitoring of accredited crane certifiers.
Issuance of temporary and annual certificates of operation.
Crane certification requirements for cranes.
General inspection criteria, wire rope inspection and removal criteria, and preproof load test requirements for all cranes.
Additional inspection criteria and proof load testingMobile cranes.
Additional inspection criteria and proof load testingArticulating boom cranes.
Additional inspection criteria and proof load testingTower cranes.
Additional inspection criteria and proof load testingSelf-erecting tower cranes.
Additional inspection criteria and proof load testingOverhead/bridge and gantry bridge cranes.
Additional inspection criteria and proof load testingDerricks.
Crane decertification and reinstatement.
Qualifications and certification.
Operator qualifications and certification.
Signal person qualifications.
Repair, inspection, and maintenance employee qualifications.
Rigger qualifications.
General requirements for all cranes and derricks.
General requirements.
Duties of assigned personnel.
Assembly/disassembly.
Fall protection.
Wire rope.
Inspections.
Signals.
Power line safety.
Training.
Safety devices.
Operational aids.
Cranes/derricks with a rated hoisting/lifting capacity of two thousand pounds or less.
Mobile cranes.
Mobile cranesGeneral.
Mobile cranesOperations.
Articulating boom cranes.
Articulating boom cranesGeneral.
Articulating boom cranesOperations.
Tower cranes.
Tower cranesGeneral.
Tower cranesAdditional inspection criteria.
Tower cranesOperations.
Self-erecting tower cranes.
Self-erecting tower cranesGeneral.
Self-erecting tower cranesOperations.
Overhead/bridge and gantry cranes.
Overhead/bridge and gantry cranesGeneral.
Overhead/bridge and gantry cranesOperations.
Derricks.
DerricksGeneral.
DerricksConstruction.
DerricksOperations.
Additional requirements for other types of cranes/derricks.
Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges.
Dedicated pile drivers.
Sideboom cranes.
Personnel lifting platforms (attached and suspended)Scope.
Design and installation requirements for personnel lifting systems.
Design of platforms and suspension systems.
Personnel lifting hoisting equipment.
Crane or derrick requirements for personnel lifting.
Inspections, maintenance and testing.
Inspections on cranes and personnel platforms.
Adjustments and repairs on personnel platforms.
Proof load test platforms and rigging.
Trial lift.
Employer responsibilities.
Employer responsibilities for lifting personnel.
Responsibilities of the personnel lift supervisor.
Crane or derrick operation requirements for personnel lifting.
Lifting personnel.
Personnel lifting requirements.
Lifting personnel near electrical power lines.
Boatswain's chairs.
Use boatswain's chairs as a last resort.
Lifting personnel using a boatswain's chair.
RiggingGeneral requirements.
General requirements.
Slings.
Chain slings.
Wire rope slings.
Metal mesh slings.
Synthetic rope slings.
Synthetic webbing slings.
Synthetic roundslings.
Rigging hardware.
General requirements.
Shackles.
Adjustable hardware.
Compression hardware.
Links, rings, and swivels.
Rigging blocks.
Lifting devices other than slings and rigging hardware.
Structural and mechanical lifters.
Vacuum lifters.
Close proximity lifting magnets.
Remotely operated lifting magnets.
Scrap and material handling grapples.
Appendices.
Mobile crane hand signal chart.
Examples of types of cranes.
Personnel platform lift planning and authorization form.
Qualifications for operators of below-the-hook lifting devices.
Operator certificationWritten examinationTechnical knowledge criteria.
Sample declaration form for hours of experience.
Assembly/disassemblyWorking under the boom, jib or other componentsSample procedures for minimizing the risk of unintended dangerous boom movement.
Work area chart.
PART M
MOTOR VEHICLES, MECHANIZED EQUIPMENT,
AND MARINE OPERATIONS
Definitions applicable to this part.
Equipment.
Motor vehicles on construction sites.
Material handling equipment.
Pile driving equipment.
Site clearing.
Marine operations and equipment.
PART N
EXCAVATION, TRENCHING, AND SHORING
Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this part.
General protection requirements.
Requirements for protective systems.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Reserved.
Appendices.
Appendix ASoil classification.
Appendix BSloping and benching.
Appendix CTimber shoring for trenches.
Appendix DAluminum hydraulic shoring for trenches.
Appendix EAlternatives to timber shoring.
Appendix FSelection of protective systems.
PART O
CONCRETE, CONCRETE FORMS, SHORING,
AND MASONRY CONSTRUCTION
Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this part.
General provisions.
Safe walking surfaces on concrete structural members.
Requirements for equipment and tools.
Concrete finishing.
Requirements for cast in place concrete.
Tubular welded frame shoring.
Tube and coupler shoring.
Single post shores.
Vertical slip forms.
Placing and removal of forms.
Appendix to WAC 296-155-684 cast in place concrete.
Precast concrete and tilt-up operations.
Requirements for lift-slab construction operations.
Miscellaneous concrete construction.
Requirements for masonry construction.
Appendix A to Part OReferences to Part O of chapter 296-155 WAC.
PART P
STEEL ERECTION
Scope.
Definitions.
Site layout, site-specific erection plan and construction sequence.
Hoisting and rigging.
Structural steel assembly.
Column anchorage.
Beams and columns.
Open web steel joists.
Systems-engineered metal buildings.
Falling object protection.
Fall protection.
Training.
PART Q
UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTION
Definitions applicable to this part.
Tunnels and shafts.
Caissons.
Cofferdams.
Compressed air.
Appendix ADecompression tables.
PART R
MISCELLANEOUS CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS
Roofing, insulating and waterproofing.
Rock crushing, gravel washing, and hot mix plants.
Moving of structures.
Hoists, elevators, excavators, and conveyors.
Material hoists, personnel hoists, and elevators.
Base-mounted drum hoists.
Overhead hoists.
Conveyors.
Aerial cableways.
Concrete bucket towers.
Hoisting engines.
PART S
DEMOLITION
Preparatory operations.
Stairs, passageways, and ladders.
Chutes.
Removal of materials through floor openings.
Removal of walls, masonry sections, and chimneys.
Manual removal of floors.
Removal of walls, floors, and material with equipment.
Catch platforms.
Storage.
Removal of steel construction.
Mechanical demolition.
Selective demolition by explosives.
PART U
POWER DISTRIBUTION AND TRANSMISSION LINES
Refer to chapter 296-45 WAC, "Safety standards for electrical workers."
PART V
ROLLOVER PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES
AND OVERHEAD PROTECTION
Rollover protective structures (ROPS) for material handling equipment.
Minimum performance criteria for rollover protective structures for designated scrapers, loaders, dozers, graders, and crawler tractors.
Protective frame (ROPS) test procedures and performance requirements for wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction.
Overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors.