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PDFWAC 208-512A-040

Special rule—Readily marketable staples.

(1) Loans and extensions of credit secured by bills of lading, warehouse receipts, or similar documents transferring or securing title to readily marketable staples shall be subject to a limitation of thirty-five percent of capital and surplus, in addition to the general limit set forth in WAC 208-512A-010, if the market value of the staples securing each additional loan or extension of credit at all times equals or exceeds one hundred fifteen percent of the outstanding amount of such loan or extension of credit.
(2) The following additional terms and conditions shall apply to a loan or extension of credit secured by staples:
(a) The staples shall be fully covered by insurance whenever it is customary to insure such staples.
(b) For purposes of such a transaction, "capital and surplus" shall be calculated at thirty-five percent in addition to the general twenty percent limitation.
(c) A "readily marketable staple" means an article of commerce, agriculture, or industry of such uses as to make it the subject of dealings in a ready market with sufficiently frequent price quotations as to make (i) the price easily and definitely ascertainable, and (ii) the staple itself easy to realize upon sale at any time at a price which would not involve any considerable sacrifice from the amount at which it is valued as collateral.
(d) Staples eligible for this exception must be nonperishable, may be refrigerated or frozen.
(e) This exception is intended to apply primarily to basic commodities, such as wheat and other grains, cotton, wool, and basic metals such as tin, copper, lead, and the like. Whether a commodity is readily marketable depends upon existing conditions and it is possible that a commodity that qualifies at one time may cease to qualify at a later date.
(f) Fabricated commodities which do not constitute standardized interchangeable units and do not possess uniformly broad marketability do not qualify as readily marketable staples.
(g) Since commodities sometimes fail to qualify as nonperishable because of the manner in which they are handled or stored during the life of the loan or extension of credit, the question as to whether a staple is nonperishable must be determined on a case-by-case basis.
(h) This exception is applicable to a loan or extension of credit arising from a single transaction or secured by the same staples for (i) not more than ten months if secured by nonperishable staples, and (ii) not more than six months if secured by refrigerated or frozen staples.
(i) The important characteristic of warehouse receipts, order bills of lading, or other similar documents is that the holder of such documents has control of the commodity and can obtain immediate possession. (However, the existence of brief notice periods, or similar procedural requirements under state law, for the disposal of the collateral will not affect the eligibility of the instruments for this exception.) Only documents with these characteristics are eligible security for loans under this exception. In the event of default on a loan secured by one of these documents, the bank must be in a position to sell the underlying commodity and promptly transfer title and possession to the purchaser, thus being able to protect itself without extended litigation. Generally, documents qualifying as "documents of title" under the Uniform Commercial Code are "similar documents" qualifying for this exception.
(j) Field warehouse receipts are an acceptable form of collateral when they are issued by a duly bonded and licensed grain elevator or warehouse having exclusive possession and control of the commodities even though the grain elevator or warehouse is maintained on the commodity owner's premises.
(k) Warehouse receipts issued by the borrower-owner which is a grain elevator or warehouse company, duly bonded and licensed and regularly inspected by state or federal authorities, may be considered eligible collateral under this exception only when the receipts are registered with a registrar whose consent is required before the commodities can be withdrawn from the warehouse.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 30.04.030, 30.04.111, 30.04.215, 30.08.140, 32.08.157, 43.320.040, and 43.320.050 and Section 611 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (codified as section 18(y) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 U.S.C. §1828(y)), which takes effect January 21, 2013. WSR 13-03-037, § 208-512A-040, filed 1/8/13, effective 2/8/13.]
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