173-490-204  <<  173-490-205 >>   173-490-207

WAC 173-490-205

Surface coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products.

(1) Specific applicability. This section shall apply to surface coating of miscellaneous metal parts and products in the following industries, if the potential uncontrolled emissions of VOC is greater than 10 tons per year and as qualified in WAC 173-490-205 (1)(b),(c), and (d), and 173-490-025.
(a) Miscellaneous metal parts and products shall include:
(i) Large farm machinery (harvesting, fertilizing and planting machines, tractors, combines, etc.);
(ii) Small farm machinery (lawn and garden tractors, lawn mowers, rototillers, etc.);
(iii) Small appliances (fans, mixers, blenders, crock pots, dehumidifiers, vacuum cleaners, etc.);
(iv) Commercial machinery (office equipment, computers and auxiliary equipment, typewriters, calculators, vending machines, etc.);
(v) Industrial machinery (pumps, compressors, conveyor components, fans, blowers, transformers, etc.);
(vi) Fabricated metal products (metal covered doors, frames, etc.); and
(vii) Any other industrial category which coats metal parts or products under the Standard Industrial Classification Code of Major Group 33 (primary metal industries), Major Group 34 (fabricated metal products), Major Group 35 (nonelectric machinery), Major Group 36 (electrical machinery), Major Group 37 (transportation equipment), Major Group 38 (miscellaneous instruments), Major Group 39 (miscellaneous manufacturing industries), Major Group 40 (railroad transportation), and Major Group 41 (transit passenger transportation).
(b) This section is not applicable to the surface coating of the following metal parts and products:
(i) Automobiles and light-duty trucks;
(ii) Metal cans;
(iii) Flat metal sheets and strips in the form of rolls or coils;
(iv) Magnet wire for use in electrical machinery;
(v) Metal furniture;
(vi) Large appliances;
(vii) Airplanes;
(viii) Automobile refinishing;
(ix) Customized top coating of automobiles and trucks, if production is less than thirty-five vehicles per day; and
(x) Exterior of marine vessels.
(c) This chapter applies to the application area, flashoff area, air and forced air drier, and oven used in the surface coating of the metal parts and products in WAC 173-490-205 (1)(a). This chapter also applies to prime coat, top coat, and single coat operations.
(d) The application of coatings whose formulations are controlled by federal specifications and the use of which is required by federal agencies shall be exempt from the emission limits in WAC 173-490-205 (2)(a).
(e) A case-by-case determination of the emission controls best representing RACT may be substituted for the requirements of WAC 173-490-205(2). Such a determination shall be approved by ecology.
(2) Provisions for specific processes.
(a) The owner or operator of a coating application system shall not emit a quantity of VOCs greater than those listed by specific coating, excluding water and as delivered to the application system:
Clear coatings
0.52 kg/liter
(4.3 lb/gallon)
Extreme performance coatings
0.42 kg/liter
(3.5 lb/gallon)
Air dried coatings
0.42 kg/liter
(3.5 lb/gallon)
All others
0.36 kg/liter
(3.0 lb/gallon)
Powder coatings
0.05 kg/liter
(0.4 lb/gallon)
(b) When more than one emission limitation listed in WAC 173-490-205 (2)(a) applies to a specific coating, the least stringent will apply.
(c) All VOC emissions from solvent washings shall be considered in the emission limitations in WAC 173-490-205 (2)(a), unless the solvent is directed into containers that prevent evaporation into the atmosphere.
(d) The emission limits set forth in WAC 173-490-205 (2)(a) shall be achieved by:
(i) The application of low solvent coating technology; or
(ii) An incineration system that oxidizes at least ninety percent of the VOCs (VOC measured as total combustible carbon) to carbon dioxide and water; or
(iii) An equivalent means of VOC reduction certified by the owner(s) or operator(s) and approved by ecology.
(e) A collection system shall be used together with the incinerator of WAC 173-490-205 (2)(d)(ii). The design and operation of the collection system shall be consistent with good engineering practice and provide for an overall VOC emission reduction necessary to comply with the emission limits of WAC 173-490-205 (2)(a). The required VOC emission reduction shall be calculated on a unit volume of uncured solids basis.
(3) Testing and monitoring.
(a) Ecology may require the owner(s) or operator(s) of a source to demonstrate at his/her own expense, compliance by the methods of WAC 173-490-205 (3)(c).
(b) The owner(s) or operator(s) of a source shall notify ecology at least ten days before a proposed emission certification test so the director or a representative may observe the test.
(c) To demonstrate compliance with this chapter, refer to WAC 173-400-105.
(d) Ecology may require monitoring of the following parameters:
(i) Exhaust gas temperature of all incinerators;
(ii) Temperature rise across a catalytic incinerator bed; and
(iii) Breakthrough of VOC on a carbon adsorption unit.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW. WSR 91-05-064 (Order 90-06), § 173-490-205, filed 2/19/91, effective 3/22/91. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.94 and 43.21A RCW. WSR 82-16-021 (Order DE 82-22), § 173-490-205, filed 7/27/82. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.331 and 70.94.395. WSR 80-11-062 (Order DE 80-18), § 173-490-205, filed 8/20/80.]
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