49.60.390  <<  49.60.400 >>   49.60.401

Discrimination, preferential treatment prohibited. (Effective if Referendum Measure No. 88 is not approved at the November 2019 general election.)

(1) The state shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.
(2) This section applies only to action taken after December 3, 1998.
(3) This section does not affect any law or governmental action that does not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin.
(4) This section does not affect any otherwise lawful classification that:
(a) Is based on sex and is necessary for sexual privacy or medical or psychological treatment; or
(b) Is necessary for undercover law enforcement or for film, video, audio, or theatrical casting; or
(c) Provides for separate athletic teams for each sex.
(5) This section does not invalidate any court order or consent decree that is in force as of December 3, 1998.
(6) This section does not prohibit action that must be taken to establish or maintain eligibility for any federal program, if ineligibility would result in a loss of federal funds to the state.
(7) Nothing in this section prohibits schools established under chapter 28A.715 RCW from:
(a) Implementing a policy of Indian preference in employment; or
(b) Prioritizing the admission of tribal members where capacity of the school's programs or facilities is not as large as demand.
(8) For the purposes of this section, "state" includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the state itself, any city, county, public college or university, community college, school district, special district, or other political subdivision or governmental instrumentality of or within the state.
(9) The remedies available for violations of this section shall be the same, regardless of the injured party's race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin, as are otherwise available for violations of Washington antidiscrimination law.
(10) This section shall be self-executing. If any part or parts of this section are found to be in conflict with federal law, the United States Constitution, or the Washington state Constitution, the section shall be implemented to the maximum extent that federal law, the United States Constitution, and the Washington state Constitution permit. Any provision held invalid shall be severable from the remaining portions of this section.
[ 2013 c 242 § 7; 1999 c 3 § 1 (Initiative Measure No. 200, approved November 3, 1998).]

Discrimination, preferential treatment prohibited. (Effective if Referendum Measure No. 88 is approved at the November 2019 general election.)

(1) The state shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, national origin, age, sexual orientation, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or honorably discharged veteran or military status in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.
(2) This section applies only to action taken after December 3, 1998.
(3) This section does not affect any law or governmental action that does not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, national origin, age, sexual orientation, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or honorably discharged veteran or military status.
(4) This section does not affect any otherwise lawful classification that:
(a) Is based on sex and is necessary for sexual privacy or medical or psychological treatment; or
(b) Is necessary for undercover law enforcement or for film, video, audio, or theatrical casting; or
(c) Provides for separate athletic teams for each sex.
(5) This section does not invalidate any court order or consent decree that is in force as of December 3, 1998.
(6) This section does not prohibit action that must be taken to establish or maintain eligibility for any federal program, if the director of the office of financial management, in consultation with the attorney general and the governor's commission on diversity, equity, and inclusion, determines that ineligibility will result in a material loss of federal funds to the state.
(7) Nothing in this section prohibits schools established under chapter 28A.715 RCW from:
(a) Implementing a policy of Indian preference in employment; or
(b) Prioritizing the admission of tribal members where capacity of the school's programs or facilities is not as large as demand.
(8) Nothing in this section prohibits the state from remedying discrimination against, or underrepresentation of, disadvantaged groups as documented in a valid disparity study or proven in a court of law.
(9) Nothing in this section prohibits the state from implementing affirmative action laws, regulations, policies, or procedures such as participation goals or outreach efforts that do not utilize quotas and that do not constitute preferential treatment as defined in this section.
(10) Nothing in this section prohibits the state from implementing affirmative action laws, regulations, policies, or procedures which are not in violation of a state or federal statute, final regulation, or court order.
(11) For the purposes of this section:
(a) "State" includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the state itself, any city, county, public college or university, community college, school district, special district, or other political subdivision or governmental instrumentality of or within the state;
(b) "State agency" means the same as defined in RCW 42.56.010;
(c) "Affirmative action" means a policy in which an individual's race, sex, ethnicity, national origin, age, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, and honorably discharged veteran or military status are factors considered in the selection of qualified women, honorably discharged military veterans, persons in protected age categories, persons with disabilities, and minorities for opportunities in public education, public employment, and public contracting. Affirmative action includes, but shall not be limited to, recruitment, hiring, training, promotion, outreach, setting and achieving goals and timetables, and other measures designed to increase Washington's diversity in public education, public employment, and public contracting; and
(d) "Preferential treatment" means the act of using race, sex, color, ethnicity, national origin, age, sexual orientation, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, and honorably discharged veteran or military status as the sole qualifying factor to select a lesser qualified candidate over a more qualified candidate for a public education, public employment, or public contracting opportunity.
(12) The remedies available for violations of this section shall be the same, regardless of the injured party's race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin, as are otherwise available for violations of Washington antidiscrimination law.
(13) This section shall be self-executing. If any part or parts of this section are found to be in conflict with federal law, the United States Constitution, or the Washington state Constitution, the section shall be implemented to the maximum extent that federal law, the United States Constitution, and the Washington state Constitution permit. Any provision held invalid shall be severable from the remaining portions of this section.
[2019 c 160 § 3 (Initiative Measure No. 1000); 2013 c 242 § 7; 1999 c 3 § 1 (Initiative Measure No. 200, approved November 3, 1998).]

NOTES:

Short title2019 c 160 (Initiative Measure No. 1000): "This act may be known and cited as the Washington state diversity, equity, and inclusion act." [2019 c 160 § 1 (Initiative Measure No. 1000).]
Intent2019 c 160 (Initiative Measure No. 1000): "The intent of the people in enacting this act is to guarantee every resident of Washington state equal opportunity and access to public education, public employment, and public contracting without discrimination based on their race, sex, color, ethnicity, national origin, age, sexual orientation, the presence of any sensory, mental, or physical disability, or honorably discharged veteran or military status. This is accomplished by: Restoring affirmative action into state law without the use of quotas or preferential treatment; defining the meaning of preferential treatment and its exceptions; and establishing a governor's commission on diversity, equity, and inclusion." [2019 c 160 § 2 (Initiative Measure No. 1000).]
Office of program research and senate committee servicesJoint memorandum and draft legislation2019 c 160 (Initiative Measure No. 1000): "Within three months following July 28, 2019, the office of program research and senate committee services shall prepare a joint memorandum and draft legislation to present to the appropriate committees of the legislature regarding any necessary changes to the Revised Code of Washington to bring nomenclature and processes in line with this act so as to fully effectuate and not interfere in any way with its intent. In preparing the memorandum and draft legislation, the office of program research and senate committee services shall consult with the sponsors of this initiative, the governor's committee on diversity, equity, and inclusion[,] and the state human rights commission." [2019 c 160 § 6 (Initiative Measure No. 1000).]
Subject of Initiative Measure No. 1000 is diversity, equity, and inclusion2019 c 160 (Initiative Measure No. 1000): "For constitutional purposes, the subject of this act is "Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion."" [2019 c 160 § 8 (Initiative Measure No. 1000).]
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