Beginning of Chapter  <<  458-57-005 >>   458-57-015

WAC 458-57-005

Nature of estate tax, definitions.

(1) Introduction. This rule describes the nature of Washington state's estate tax as it is imposed by chapter 83.100 RCW (Estate and Transfer Tax Act) for deaths occurring on or before May 16, 2005. The estate tax rules for deaths occurring on or after May 17, 2005, can be found in WAC 458-57-105 through 458-57-165. It also defines terms that will be used throughout chapter 458-57 WAC (Washington Estate and Transfer Tax Reform Act Rules).
(2) Nature of Washington's estate tax. The estate tax is neither a property tax nor an inheritance tax. It is a tax imposed on the transfer of the entire taxable estate and not upon any particular legacy, devise, or distributive share.
(a) The state of Washington operates under RCW 83.100.020, which references the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) as it existed January 1, 2005. The Washington State Estate and Transfer Tax Return and the instructions for completing the return can be found on the department's web site at http://www.dor.wa.gov/ under the heading titled forms. The return and instructions can also be obtained by calling the estate tax section at 360-570-3265 (option 2).
(b) The estate tax does not apply to completed absolute lifetime transfers. Section 2035(d) of the Internal Revenue Code generally exempts such transfers. To the extent permitted by this provision, lifetime transfers are not subject to Washington estate tax. The state of Washington does not have a gift tax.
(3) Definitions. The following terms and definitions are applicable throughout chapter 458-57 WAC:
(a) "Decedent" means a deceased individual;
(b) "Department" means the department of revenue, the director of that department, or any employee of the department exercising authority lawfully delegated to him by the director;
(c) "Escheat" of an estate means that whenever any person dies, whether a resident of this state or not, leaving property in an estate subject to the jurisdiction of this state and without being survived by any person entitled to that same property under the laws of this state, such estate property shall be designated escheat property and shall be subject to the provisions of RCW 11.08.140 through 11.08.300;
(d) "Federal credit" means the maximum amount of the credit for state taxes allowed by section 2011 of the Internal Revenue Code. This credit is calculated using an "adjusted taxable estate" figure, which is simply the taxable estate, less sixty thousand dollars. However, when the term "federal credit" is used in reference to a generation-skipping transfer (GST), it means the maximum amount of the credit for state taxes allowed by section 2604 of the Internal Revenue Code;
(e) "Federal return" means any tax return required by chapter 11 (Estate tax) or chapter 13 (Tax on generation-skipping transfers) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(f) "Federal tax" means tax under chapter 11 (Estate tax) of the Internal Revenue Code. However, when used in reference to a GST, "federal tax" means the tax under chapter 13 (Tax on generation skipping transfers) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(g) "Generation-skipping transfer" or "GST" means a "generation-skipping transfer" as defined and used in section 2611 of the Internal Revenue Code;
(h) "Gross estate" means "gross estate" as defined and used in section 2031 of the Internal Revenue Code;
(i) "Internal Revenue Code" or "IRC" means the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended or renumbered on January 1, 2005;
(j) "Nonresident" means a decedent who was domiciled outside Washington at the time of death;
(k) "Person" means any individual, estate, trust, receiver, cooperative association, club, corporation, company, firm, partnership, joint venture, syndicate, or other entity and, to the extent permitted by law, any federal, state, or other governmental unit or subdivision or agency, department, or instrumentality thereof;
(l) "Person required to file the federal return" means any person required to file a return required by chapter 11 or 13 of the Internal Revenue Code, such as the personal representative of an estate, a transferor, trustee, or beneficiary of a generation-skipping transfer, or a qualified heir with respect to qualified real property, as defined and used in section 2032A(c) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(m) "Person responsible," means the person responsible for filing the federal and state returns and is the same person described in subsection (l) of this section;
(n) "Property," when used in reference to an estate tax transfer, means property included in the gross estate. However, when used in reference to a generation-skipping transfer, "property" means all real and personal property subject to the federal tax;
(o) "Resident" means a decedent who was domiciled in Washington at time of death;
(p) "State return" means the Washington Estate Tax Return required by RCW 83.100.050;
(q) "Transfer" means "transfer" as used in section 2001 of the Internal Revenue Code, or a disposition or cessation of qualified use as defined and used in section 2032A of the Internal Revenue Code; and
(r) "Trust" means "trust" under Washington law and any arrangement described in section 2652 of the Internal Revenue Code.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 83.100.047 and 83.100.200. WSR 06-07-051, § 458-57-005, filed 3/9/06, effective 4/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 83.100.200. WSR 02-18-078, § 458-57-005, filed 8/30/02, effective 9/30/02; WSR 99-15-095, § 458-57-005, filed 7/21/99, effective 8/21/99.]
Site Contents
Selected content listed in alphabetical order under each group