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PDFWAC 415-02-030


This section contains definitions of words and phrases commonly used in the department of retirement systems' rules. It also serves as a directory for finding definitions within the RCW and WAC.
(1) Accumulated contributions means the sum of all contributions paid into a member's defined benefit account, including interest.
(2) Appeal means the proceeding through which a party obtains review of a department action in an adjudicative proceeding conducted under chapter 34.05 RCW (the Administrative Procedure Act) and chapter 415-08 WAC (the department's appeal rules).
(3) Average final compensation is defined in RCW 41.32.010 (TRS); RCW 41.35.010 (SERS); RCW 41.40.010 (PERS); and RCW 41.37.010 (PSERS).
(4) Average final salary for WSPRS is defined in RCW 43.43.120.
(5) Cafeteria plan means a "qualified" employee benefit program under IRC section 125, such as certain health and welfare plans.
(6) Calendar month.
(a) Refers to one of the 12 named months of the year, extending from the first day of the named month through the last day. For example: January 1st through January 31st is a calendar month. February 1st through February 29th is a calendar month in a leap year. March 13th through April 12th is not a calendar month.
(b) Exception: For the purpose of administering the break in employment required by RCW 41.32.570, 41.32.802, 41.32.862, 41.35.060, 41.37.050 and 41.40.037 for retirees returning to work, one calendar month means 30 consecutive calendar days. For example: Kim's retirement date is August 1st. August 31st would be the earliest Kim could return to work and meet the requirement for a one calendar month break in employment.
(7) Compensation earnable or earnable compensation definitions can be found in RCW 41.32.010 and 41.32.345 (TRS); RCW 41.35.010 (SERS); RCW 41.37.010 (PSERS); and RCW 41.40.010 (PERS).
(8) Contribution rate is:
(a) For employees: The fraction (percent) of compensation a member contributes to a retirement system each month.
(b) For employers: The fraction (percent) of payroll a member's employer contributes to a retirement system each month. Contribution rates vary for the different systems and plans.
(9) Deferred compensation refers to the amount of the participant's compensation, which the participant voluntarily defers from earnings before taxes to a deferred compensation program.
(10) Defined benefit plan is a pension plan in which a lifetime retirement allowance is available, based on the member's service credit and compensation.
(11) Defined contribution plan is a plan in which part of members' or participants' earnings are deferred into investment accounts in which tax is deferred until funds are withdrawn. The benefit is based on the contributions and the amount of return from the investment of the contributions. Members or participants receive the full market rate of return minus expenses. There is no guaranteed rate of return and the value of an account will increase or decrease based upon market fluctuations.
(12) Department means the department of retirement systems.
(13) Director means the director of the department of retirement systems.
(14) Employee means a worker who performs labor or services for a retirement systems employer under the control and direction of the employer as determined under WAC 415-02-110(2). An employee may be eligible to participate as a member of one of the state-administered retirement systems according to eligibility requirements specified under the applicable retirement system.
(15) Employer is defined in RCW 41.26.030 (LEOFF), 41.32.010 (TRS), 41.34.020 (Plan 3), 41.35.010 (SERS), 41.37.010 (PSERS) and 41.40.010 (PERS).
(16) Ex-spouse refers to a person who is a party to a "dissolution order" as defined in RCW 41.50.500.
(17) Final average salary for LEOFF is defined in RCW 41.26.030.
(18) First employed by an eligible employer in an eligible position means, for purposes of plan default, first employment with an employer, in an eligible position, with which a member has fully exhausted their plan choice rights.
(19) HERPs mean higher education retirement plans described in chapter 28B.10 RCW, which are non-DRS retirement plans offered by institutions of higher education, such as, but not limited to, University of Washington retirement plan (UWRP) and Western Washington University retirement plan (WWURP).
(20) Independent contractor means a contract worker who is not under the direction or control of the employer as determined under WAC 415-02-110 (2) and (3).
(21) IRC means the Federal Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as subsequently amended.
(22) Indexed retirement allowance means a defined benefit retirement allowance from an indexed retirement plan, payable to a member who separates after having completed at least 20 service credit years, that is increased by 0.0025 percent, compounded for each month from the date of separation to the date that the retirement allowance commences.
(23) Indexed retirement plan means one of the following retirement plans, which are administered by the department of retirement systems and provide an indexed retirement allowance: Law Enforcement Officers' and Firefighters Retirement System Plan 2 (RCW 41.26.530), Public Employees' Retirement System Plan 3 (RCW 41.40.790), School Employees' Retirement System Plan 3 (RCW 41.35.620), and Teachers' Retirement System Plan 3 (RCW 41.32.840).
(24) JRF means the judges' retirement fund created by chapter 2.12 RCW.
(25) JRS means the Washington judicial retirement system created by chapter 2.10 RCW.
(26) LEOFF means the Washington law enforcement officers' and firefighters' retirement system created by chapter 41.26 RCW.
(27) Member means a person who is included in the membership of one of the retirement systems created by chapters 2.10, 2.12, 41.26, 41.32, 41.34, 41.35, 41.37, 41.40, or 43.43 RCW.
(28) Nonadministrative position or nonadministrative capacity refers to retirees returning to work in a position at a school district, charter school, educational service district, state school for the deaf, state school for the blind, or tribal school which:
(a) Does not require an administrative certification, as defined by the office of the superintendent of public instruction, (currently positions requiring the certification include: Principal, vice principal, program administrator, conditional administrator, superintendent or program administrator certifications); or
(b) Does not evaluate staff.
(29) Normal retirement means qualifying for retirement based on the standard age and service credit requirements as specified in RCW 2.10.100 (JRS), 2.12.020 (JRF), 41.26.090 (LEOFF Plan 1), 41.26.430(1) (LEOFF Plan 2), 41.32.470 (TRS Plan 1), 41.32.765(1) (TRS Plan 2), 41.32.875(1) (TRS Plan 3), 41.35.420(1) (SERS Plan 2), 41.35.680(1) (SERS Plan 3), 41.37.210(1) (PSERS), 41.40.180 (PERS Plan 1), 41.40.630(1) (PERS Plan 2), 41.40.820(1) (PERS Plan 3), or 43.43.250 (WSPRS).
(30) Participant means an eligible employee who participates in a deferred compensation plan.
(31) Participation agreement means an agreement that an eligible employee signs to become a participant in a deferred compensation plan.
(32) Pension plan is a plan that provides a lifelong post retirement payment of benefits to employees.
(33) PERS means the Washington public employees' retirement system created by chapter 41.40 RCW.
(34) Petition means the method by which a party requests a review of an administrative determination prior to an appeal to the director. The department's petitions examiner performs the review under chapter 415-04 WAC.
(35) Plan 1 means the retirement plans in existence prior to the enactment of chapters 293, 294 and 295, Laws of 1977 ex. sess.
(36) Plan 2 means the retirement plans established by chapters 293, 294 and 295, Laws of 1977 ex. sess., chapter 341, Laws of 1998, and chapter 329, Laws of 2001.
(37) Plan 3 means the retirement plans established by chapter 239, Laws of 1995, chapter 341, Laws of 1998, and chapter 247, Laws of 2000.
(38) Plan choice rights refers to a member's right, within a 90-day period, to make an irrevocable choice to become a member of Plan 2 or Plan 3 or be defaulted into a plan after the full 90-day period has expired.
(a) A member will be reported in Plan 2 until plan choice rights have been exercised.
(b) A member must make a choice within 90 calendar days (computed as described in RCW 1.12.040) from the first day of employment in an eligible position.
(c) A member will be defaulted into a plan if they continue employment in an eligible position past the 90-day plan choice period without making a choice.
(d) A member may exercise plan choice rights only once per system.
(e) Once a member makes a plan choice, that choice cannot be changed, even if the member is still within 90 days of hire.
(39) Plan year is the 12-month period that begins on January 1st and ends on December 31st of the same calendar year.
(40) Portability is the ability to use membership in more than one Washington state retirement system in order to qualify for retirement benefits. See chapters 41.54 RCW and 415-113 WAC.
(41) PSERS means the Washington public safety employees' retirement system created by chapter 41.37 RCW.
(42) Public record is defined in RCW 42.56.010.
(43) Restoration is the process of restoring a member's service credit for prior periods.
(44) Retirement system employer - See "employer."
(45) Rollover means a distribution that is paid to or from an eligible retirement plan within the statutory time limit allowed.
(46) Separation date is the date a member ends employment in a position eligible for retirement.
(47) SERS means the Washington school employees' retirement system created by chapter 41.35 RCW.
(48) Split account is the account the department establishes for a member or retiree's ex-spouse.
(49) Surviving spouse refers to a person who was married to the member at the time of the member's death and who is receiving or is eligible to receive a survivor benefit.
(50) Survivor beneficiary means a person designated by the member to receive a monthly benefit allowance after the member dies.
(51) Survivor benefit is a feature of a retirement plan that provides continuing payments to a designee after the death of a member or retiree.
(52) TRS means the Washington state teachers' retirement system created by chapter 41.32 RCW.
(53) The Uniform Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA) is the federal law that requires employers to reemploy and preserve job security, pension and welfare benefits for qualified employees who engage in military service.
(54) WSPRS means the Washington state patrol retirement system created by chapter 43.43 RCW.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050. WSR 22-13-053, § 415-02-030, filed 6/8/22, effective 7/9/22; WSR 21-16-020, § 415-02-030, filed 7/23/21, effective 8/23/21; WSR 20-13-064, § 415-02-030, filed 6/15/20, effective 7/16/20; WSR 20-01-079, § 415-02-030, filed 12/11/19, effective 1/11/20. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050(5). WSR 16-17-047, § 415-02-030, filed 8/11/16, effective 9/11/16; WSR 16-08-008, § 415-02-030, filed 3/24/16, effective 4/24/16; WSR 10-24-099, § 415-02-030, filed 12/1/10, effective 1/1/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050(5) and 41.04.640. WSR 09-01-021, § 415-02-030, filed 12/8/08, effective 1/8/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050(5). WSR 06-18-009, § 415-02-030, filed 8/24/06, effective 9/24/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050(5), 41.40.010(42), 41.40.037. WSR 04-04-037, § 415-02-030, filed 1/29/04, effective 3/1/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050(5). WSR 02-23-037, § 415-02-030, filed 11/13/02, effective 1/1/03; WSR 02-01-120, § 415-02-030, filed 12/19/01, effective 1/19/02. Statutory Authority: RCW 41.50.050. WSR 00-10-016, § 415-02-030, filed 4/21/00, effective 5/22/00; WSR 94-09-039, § 415-02-030, filed 4/19/94, effective 5/20/94; Order 4, § 415-02-030, filed 7/27/77.]
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