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WAC 388-97-1300

Pharmacy services.

(1) The nursing home must:
(a) Obtain routine and emergency drugs and biologicals for its residents under an agreement with a licensed pharmacy;
(b) Ensure that pharmaceutical services:
(i) Meet the needs of each resident;
(ii) Establish and monitor systems for the accurate acquiring, receiving, dispensing, and administering of all drugs and biologicals; and
(c) Employ or obtain the services of a licensed pharmacist who must:
(i) Provide consultation on all aspects of the provision of pharmacy services in the nursing home;
(ii) Determine that nursing home drug records are in order;
(iii) Perform regular reviews at least once each month of each resident's drug therapy; and
(iv) Document and report drug irregularities to the attending physician and the director of nursing.
(2) Drugs and biologicals used in the nursing home must be labeled and stored in accordance with applicable state and federal laws.
(3) The nursing home must provide pharmaceutical services that:
(a) Meet recognized and accepted standards of pharmacy practice; and
(b) Comply with chapter 246-865 WAC, except nursing home staff administering drugs to residents may document administration at the time of pouring the drug or immediately after administration.
(4) The nursing home must ensure:
(a) Education and training for nursing home staff by the licensed pharmacist on drug-related subjects including, but not limited to:
(i) Recognized and accepted standards of pharmacy practice and applicable pharmacy laws and rules;
(ii) Appropriate monitoring of residents to determine desired effect and undesirable side effects of drug regimens; and
(iii) Use of psychotropic drugs.
(b) Reference materials regarding medication administration, adverse reactions, toxicology, and poison center information are readily available;
(c) Pharmacist monthly drug review reports are acted on in a timely and effective manner;
(d) Accurate detection, documentation, reporting and resolution of drug errors and adverse drug reactions; and
(e) Only individuals authorized by state law to do so will receive drug orders and administer drugs;
(5) The resident has the right to a choice of pharmacies when purchasing prescription and nonprescription drugs as long as the following conditions are met to ensure the resident is protected from medication errors:
(a) The medications are delivered in a unit of use compatible with the established system of the facility for dispensing drugs; and
(b) The medications are delivered in a timely manner to prevent interruption of dose schedule.
[Statutory Authority: Chapters 18.51 and 74.42 RCW and 42 C.F.R. 489.52. WSR 08-20-062, ยง 388-97-1300, filed 9/24/08, effective 11/1/08.]
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