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PDFWAC 388-107-0430

Food services.

The enhanced services facility must provide or contract out food services for residents. If the facility chooses to contract out the food service, the contracted services must meet all of the applicable food codes and requirements.
(1) The enhanced services facility must:
(a) Provide a minimum of three meals a day;
(b) Provide snacks between meals and in the evening at regular intervals with no more than fourteen hours between the evening meal and breakfast unless the facility provides a nutritious snack after the evening meal and before breakfast;
(c) Provide access to fluids and snacks at all times;
(d) Provide sufficient time and staff support for residents to consume meals;
(e) Ensure all menus:
(i) Are written at least one week in advance and delivered to residents' rooms or posted where residents can see them, except as specified in subsection (1)(h) of this subsection;
(ii) Indicate the date, day of week, month, and year;
(iii) Include all food and snacks served that contribute to nutritional requirements;
(iv) Are kept at least six months;
(v) Provide a variety of foods;
(vi) Provide foods at safe and appropriate temperatures; and
(vii) Are not repeated for at least three weeks, except breakfast menus that provide a variety of daily choices of hot and cold foods are not required to have a minimum three-week cycle;
(f) Prepare food on-site, or provide food through a contract with a food service establishment located in the vicinity that meets the requirements of chapter 246-215 WAC regarding food service;
(g) Serve nourishing, palatable, and attractively presented meals adjusted for age, gender and activities, unless medically contraindicated, and individual preferences to the extent reasonably possible;
(h) Substitute foods of equal nutrient value when changes in the current day's menu are necessary and record changes on the original menu;
(i) Make available and give residents alternate choices in entrees for midday and evening meals that are of comparable quality and nutritional value; however the enhanced services facility is not required to post alternate choices in entrees on the menu one week in advance, but must record on the menus the alternate choices in entrees that are served;
(j) Develop, make known to residents, and implement a process for residents to express their views and comment on the food services; and
(k) Maintain a dining area or areas approved by the department with a seating capacity for seventy-five percent or more of the residents per meal setting, or ten square feet times the licensed resident bed capacity, whichever is greater.
(2) The enhanced services facility must plan in writing, prepare on-site or provide through a contract with a food service establishment located in the vicinity that meets the requirements of chapter 246-215 WAC, and serve to each resident as ordered:
(a) Prescribed general low sodium, general diabetic, and mechanical soft food diets according to a diet manual and ensure the diet manual is:
(i) Available to and used by staff persons responsible for food preparation;
(ii) Approved by a dietitian; and
(iii) Reviewed and updated as necessary or at least every five years; and
(b) Prescribed nutrient concentrates and supplements when prescribed in writing by a health care practitioner.
(3) The enhanced services facility may provide to a resident at his or her request and as agreed upon in the resident's comprehensive person-centered service plan, nonprescribed:
(a) Modified or therapeutic diets; and
(b) Nutritional concentrates or supplements.
(4) The enhanced services facility must have a means for those residents whose person-centered service plan indicates they have the ability to make or select their own snacks and beverages an opportunity to do so without having to ask a staff member for assistance.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.97.230 and HCBS Final Rule 42 C.F.R. WSR 16-14-078, § 388-107-0430, filed 7/1/16, effective 8/1/16. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.97 RCW. WSR 14-19-071, § 388-107-0430, filed 9/12/14, effective 10/13/14.]
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