246-854-275  <<  246-854-280 >>   246-854-285

WAC 246-854-280

Treatment planAcute perioperative pain.

The osteopathic physician assistant shall comply with the requirements in this section when prescribing opioid analgesics for perioperative pain and shall document completion of these requirements in the patient record:
(1) The osteopathic physician assistant shall consider prescribing nonopioid analgesics as the first line of pain control in patients in accordance with the provisions of WAC 246-854-260, unless not clinically appropriate.
(2) The osteopathic physician assistant, or their designee, shall conduct queries of the PMP in accordance with the provisions of WAC 246-854-370 to identify any Schedule II–V medications or drugs of concern received by the patient and document in the patient record their review and any concerns.
(3) If the osteopathic physician assistant prescribes opioids for effective pain control, such prescription shall be in no greater quantity than needed for the expected duration of pain severe enough to require opioids.
(a) A three-day supply or less will often be sufficient.
(b) More than a fourteen-day supply will rarely be needed for perioperative pain.
(c) The osteopathic physician assistant shall not prescribe beyond a fourteen-day supply from the time of discharge without clinical documentation in the patient record to justify the need for such a quantity. For more specific best practices, the osteopathic physician assistant may refer to clinical practice guidelines.
(4) The osteopathic physician assistant shall reevaluate a patient who does not follow the expected course of recovery. If significant and documented improvement in function or pain control has not occurred, the osteopathic physician assistant shall reconsider the continued use of opioids or whether tapering or discontinuing opioids is clinically indicated.
(5) Follow-up visits for pain control should include objectives or metrics to be used to determine treatment success if opioids are to be continued. This includes, at a minimum:
(a) Change in pain level;
(b) Change in physical function;
(c) Change in psychosocial function; and
(d) Additional planned diagnostic evaluations or other treatments.
(6) If the osteopathic physician assistant elects to prescribe a combination of opioids with a medication listed in WAC 246-854-355 or to a patient known to be receiving a medication listed in WAC 246-854-355 from another practitioner, the osteopathic physician assistant must prescribe in accordance with WAC 246-854-355.
(7) If the osteopathic physician assistant elects to treat a patient with opioids beyond the six-week time period of acute perioperative pain, the osteopathic physician assistant shall document in the patient record that the patient is transitioning from acute to subacute pain. Rules governing the treatment of subacute pain in WAC 246-854-285 and 246-854-290 shall apply unless there is documented improvement in function or pain control and there is a documented plan and timing for discontinuation of all opioid medications.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 18.57.800, 18.57A.800 and 2017 c 297. WSR 18-20-087, § 246-854-280, filed 10/1/18, effective 11/1/18.]
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