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PDFWAC 246-790-500

Definitions related to participant compliance.

The definitions in this section apply to this section through WAC 246-790-570 unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
(1) "Appeal" means a formal proceeding where a participant who has received a notice of violation from the department has the opportunity to present his or her case in an impartial setting and be heard by the department.
(2) "Applicant" means any pregnant woman, postpartum woman, infant, child, or caregiver of an infant or child who is applying to receive WIC program benefits, or a breastfeeding infant of an applicant breastfeeding woman. Applicants include individuals who are currently participating in the program but are applying because their certification period is about to expire.
(3) "Authorized supplemental foods" means those supplemental foods authorized by the department for issuance to a particular participant.
(4) "Certification" means the implementation of criteria and procedures to assess and document each applicant's eligibility for participation in the WIC program.
(5) "C.F.R." means Code of Federal Regulations.
(6) "Claim" means a type of sanction demanding repayment for misuse of WIC/farmers' market nutrition program (FMNP) benefits by a WIC participant.
(7) "Deliberate" means acting intentionally, knowingly and voluntarily.
(8) "Department" means the Washington state department of health.
(9) "Disqualification" means the act of ending the WIC program participation of a participant, whether as a punitive sanction or for administrative reasons.
(10) "Dual participation" means program participation in one or more than one WIC clinic.
(11) "Eligibility criteria" means the reasons people qualify for WIC program benefits as described in 7 C.F.R. Sec. 246.7(c).
(12) "Farmers' market nutrition program (FMNP)" means a program to provide fresh, unprepared, locally grown fruits and vegetables to WIC participants, and to expand the awareness, use of, and sales at farmers' markets.
(13) "Food instrument" means the method of payment used by a participant to obtain WIC-approved foods. These methods may include WIC checks, WIC farmers' market nutrition program checks, cash value vouchers, or electronic benefit transfer (EBT) payments.
(14) "Local agency" means:
(a) A public or private nonprofit health or human services agency that provides health services either directly or through contract with the department to provide services in accordance with 7 C.F.R. Sec. 245.5;
(b) An Indian health services unit in contract with the department to provide services;
(c) An Indian tribe, band or group recognized by the department; and/or
(d) An intertribal council or group that is an authorized representative of Indian tribes, bands or groups.
(15) "Notice of violation" means a written document given to a participant, or caregiver of an infant or child participant, when the department determines a participant or caregiver of an infant or child participant, has not complied with WIC program requirements, federal WIC regulations, this chapter, or the participant rights and responsibilities form. This notice is a type of sanction which explains the violation and provides a warning about repercussions of subsequent violations.
(16) "Nutritional risk" means detrimental or abnormal nutritional conditions detectable by biochemical or anthropomorphic measurements; other documented nutritionally related medical conditions; dietary deficiencies that impair or endanger health; conditions that directly affect the nutritional health of a person, including alcoholism or drug abuse; or conditions that predispose persons to inadequate nutritional patterns or nutritionally related medical conditions including, but not limited to, homelessness and migrancy, as specified in 7 C.F.R. Sec. 246.2.
(17) "Participant" means a woman, infant or child receiving WIC benefits.
(18) "Participant violation" means any deliberate action of a participant, parent or caretaker of an infant or child participant, or proxy that violates federal or state statutes, regulations, policies, or procedures governing the WIC program.
(19) "Proxy" means an individual who is designated by a participant or a child or infant participant's parent, guardian, or caretaker to receive and redeem food instruments for the participant and whose name is filed with the local agency.
(20) "Restitution" means reimbursement to the department of the cash value of WIC program benefits received by a participant as the result of a sanction imposed for a violation.
(21) "Sanction" means a penalty imposed by the department of health WIC program because of a violation. The three types of sanctions are notice of violation, disqualification, and claim.
(22) "SNAP" means the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. SNAP was previously known as the Food Stamp Program.
(23) "Vendor" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, cooperative association, corporation, or other business entity operating one or more stores authorized by the state WIC program to provide WIC-approved foods to WIC participants.
(24) "Violation" means any deliberate action of a WIC participant or caregiver of an infant or child participant, including actions listed in WAC 246-790-520 that violate federal or state statutes, regulations, policies, or procedures governing the WIC program.
(25) "WIC" means the federally funded special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children as described in 7 C.F.R. Sec. 246.
(26) "WIC benefits" means benefits a participant receives that include, but are not limited to, food and infant formula.
(27) "WIC Participant Rights and Responsibilities form" means a document signed by a WIC participant or proxy showing she or he has been advised of and agrees to WIC program rights and obligations.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.120 and 7 C.F.R. 246. WSR 19-16-107, § 246-790-500, filed 8/2/19, effective 9/2/19. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.120. WSR 18-23-080, § 246-790-500, filed 11/19/18, effective 12/20/18; WSR 17-08-020, § 246-790-500, filed 3/27/17, effective 4/27/17.]
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