173-303-110  <<  173-303-120 >>   173-303-140

WAC 173-303-120

Recycled, reclaimed, and recovered wastes.

(1) This section describes the requirements for persons who recycle materials that are solid wastes and dangerous. Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, dangerous wastes that are recycled are subject to the requirements for generators, transporters, and storage facilities of subsection (4) of this section. Dangerous wastes that are recycled will be known as "recyclable materials."
(2)(a) The following recyclable materials are solid wastes and sometimes are dangerous wastes. However, they are subject only to the requirements of (b) of this subsection, WAC 173-303-050, 173-303-145 and 173-303-960:
(i) Industrial ethyl alcohol that is reclaimed except that exports and imports of such recyclable materials must comply with the requirements of 40 C.F.R. Part 262, Subpart H. See export requirements at 40 C.F.R. 261.6 (a)(3)(i)(A) and (B) that are incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-230(1);
(ii) (Reserved);
(iii) (Reserved);
(iv) Scrap metal that is not excluded under WAC 173-303-071 (3)(ff);
(v) Fuels produced from the refining of oil-bearing dangerous wastes along with normal process streams at a petroleum refining facility if such wastes result from normal petroleum refining, production, and transportation practices (this exemption does not apply to fuels produced from oil recovered from oil-bearing dangerous wastes where such recovered oil is already excluded under WAC 173-303-071 (3)(cc));
(vi) (Reserved);
(vii) Coke and coal tar from the iron and steel industry that contains dangerous waste from the iron and steel production process;
(viii)(A) Dangerous waste fuel produced from oil-bearing dangerous wastes from petroleum refining, production, or transportation practices, or produced from oil reclaimed from such dangerous wastes, where such dangerous wastes are reintroduced into a process that does not use distillation or does not produce products from crude oil so long as the resulting fuel meets the used oil specification under 40 C.F.R. 279.11 (which is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-515(4)) and so long as no other dangerous wastes are used to produce the dangerous waste fuel;
(B) Dangerous waste fuel produced from oil-bearing dangerous waste from petroleum refining production, and transportation practices, where such dangerous wastes are reintroduced into a refining process after a point at which contaminants are removed, so long as the fuel meets the used oil fuel specification under 40 C.F.R. 279.11 (which is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-515(4)); and
(C) Oil reclaimed from oil-bearing dangerous wastes from petroleum refining, production, and transportation practices, which reclaimed oil is burned as a fuel without reintroduction to a refining process, so long as the reclaimed oil meets the used oil fuel specification under 40 C.F.R. 279.11 (which is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-515(4)).
(b) Any recyclable material listed in (a) of this subsection will be subject to the applicable requirements listed in subsection (4) of this section if the department determines, on a case-by-case basis, that:
(i) It is being accumulated, used, reused, or handled in a manner that poses a threat to public health or the environment; or
(ii) Due to the dangerous constituent(s) in it, any use or reuse would pose a threat to public health or the environment. Such recyclable material will be listed in WAC 173-303-016(6).
(3) The recyclable materials listed in (a) through (h) of this subsection are not subject to the requirements of this section but are subject to the requirements of WAC 173-303-070 through 173-303-110, 173-303-160, 173-303-500 through 173-303-525, and all applicable provisions of WAC 173-303-800 through 173-303-840. The recyclable materials listed in (b), (d), (f) and (g) of this subsection are also subject to WAC 173-303-140.
In addition to these requirements, owners and operators of facilities that receive recyclable materials from off-site are subject to WAC 173-303-610 (2) and (12) and to WAC 173-303-620 (1)(e).
(a) Recycling requirements for state-only dangerous wastes (see WAC 173-303-500);
(b) Recyclable materials used in a manner constituting disposal (see WAC 173-303-505);
(c) Spent CFC or HCFC refrigerants that are recycled on-site or sent to be reclaimed off-site (see WAC 173-303-506);
(d) Dangerous wastes burned (as defined in WAC 173-303-510 (1)(a)) in boilers and industrial furnaces that are not regulated under Subpart O of 40 C.F.R. Part 265 or WAC 173-303-670 (see WAC 173-303-510);
(e) (Reserved);
(f) Spent lead-acid batteries that are being reclaimed (see WAC 173-303-520);
(g) Recyclable materials from which precious metals are reclaimed (see WAC 173-303-525); and
(h) Spent antifreeze that is recycled on-site or sent to be recycled off-site (see WAC 173-303-522).
(4) Those recycling processes not specifically discussed in subsections (2) and (3) of this section are generally subject to regulation only up to and including storage prior to recycling. For the purpose of this section, the department may determine on a case-by-case basis that recyclable materials received from off-site are not stored if they are moved into an active recycling process within a period of time not to exceed seventy-two hours after being received. In making such a determination, the department will consider factors including, but not limited to, the types and volumes of wastes being recycled, operational factors of the recycling process, and the compliance history of the owner or operator. An active recycling process refers to a dynamic recycling operation that occurs within a recycling unit such as a distillation or centrifuge unit. The phrase does not refer to passive storage-like activities that occur, for example, when tanks or containers are used for phase separation or for settling impurities. Passive storage-like activities are not eligible for the recycling exemption under this subsection.
The recycling process itself is generally exempt from permitting unless the department determines, on a case-by-case basis, that the recycling process poses a threat to public health or the environment.
Unless specified otherwise in subsections (2) and (3) of this section:
(a) Generators of recyclable materials are subject to all applicable requirements of this chapter including, but not limited to, WAC 173-303-170 through 173-303-230;
(b) Transporters of recyclable materials are subject to all applicable requirements of this chapter including, but not limited to, WAC 173-303-240 through 173-303-270;
(c) Owners or operators of facilities that receive recyclable materials from off-site and recycle these recyclable materials without storing them before they are recycled are subject to the following requirements:
(i) WAC 173-303-060,
(ii) WAC 173-303-120 (4)(e),
(iii) WAC 173-303-283 through 173-303-290,
(iv) WAC 173-303-310 through 173-303-395,
(v) WAC 173-303-610 (2) and (12),
(vi) WAC 173-303-620 (1)(e),
(vii) WAC 173-303-630 (2) through (10), and
(viii) WAC 173-303-640 (2) through (10) except that requirements to post-closure planning or care in WAC 173-303-640(8) will not apply to closure of recycling units. In lieu of the dates in WAC 173-303-640 (2) and (4), for existing tank systems regulated under this subsection, owners and operators must complete the assessment of the tank system's integrity by June 1, 1992, and must meet the secondary containment requirements of WAC 173-303-640(4) by January 12, 1993;
(ix) The owner or operator must obtain data, by screening-type analysis if necessary, confirming the designation of each waste stream, such that each dangerous waste received can be effectively recycled without jeopardizing human health or the environment. The owner or operator must verify the waste designation periodically, so that it is accurate and current, but at least once every six months or on a batch basis if shipments of a specific waste stream are less frequent. Copies of all analyses and data must be retained for at least five years and made available to the department upon request.
(d) Owners and operators of facilities that store recyclable materials before they are recycled are subject to the following requirements including, but not limited to:
(i) For all recyclers, the applicable provisions of:
(A) WAC 173-303-280 through 173-303-395,
(B) WAC 173-303-800 through 173-303-840,
(C) WAC 173-303-140 (2)(a),
(D) WAC 173-303-120 (4)(e);
(ii) For recyclers with interim status permits, the applicable storage provisions of WAC 173-303-400 including Subparts F through L of 40 C.F.R. Part 265;
(iii) For recyclers with final facility permits, the applicable storage provisions of:
(A) WAC 173-303-600 through 173-303-650, and
(B) WAC 173-303-660.
(e) Owners and operators of facilities subject to dangerous waste permitting requirements with dangerous waste management units that recycle hazardous wastes are subject to the requirements of WAC 173-303-690, 173-303-691 (Air emission standards for process vents and equipment leaks), and WAC 173-303-692 (Air emission standards for tanks, surface impoundments, and containers) for final status facilities, and 40 C.F.R. Part 265 Subparts AA, BB, and CC, incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-400(3) for interim status facilities.
(5) Used oil that is recycled and is also a dangerous waste solely because it exhibits a dangerous waste characteristic or criteria is not subject to this chapter except for applicable requirements of WAC 173-303-515 and the requirements of 40 C.F.R. Part 279, which is incorporated by reference at WAC 173-303-515. Used oil that is recycled includes any used oil that is reused, following its original use, for any purpose (including the purpose for which the oil was originally used). Such term includes, but is not limited to, oil that is re-refined, reclaimed, burned for energy recovery, or reprocessed.
(6) Hazardous waste that is exported to or imported from any country for recovery is subject to the requirements of 40 C.F.R. Part 262, Subpart H.
[Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105, 70.105D RCW and RCRA. WSR 19-04-038 (Order 16-03), § 173-303-120, filed 1/28/19, effective 4/28/19. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105 RCW. WSR 15-01-123 (Order 13-07), § 173-303-120, filed 12/18/14, effective 1/18/15. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW. WSR 09-14-105 (Order 07-12), § 173-303-120, filed 6/30/09, effective 7/31/09. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105, 70.105D, and 15.54 RCW and RCW 70.105.007. WSR 04-24-065 (Order 03-10), § 173-303-120, filed 11/30/04, effective 1/1/05; WSR 00-11-040 (Order 99-01), § 173-303-120, filed 5/10/00, effective 6/10/00. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW. WSR 98-03-018 (Order 97-03), § 173-303-120, filed 1/12/98, effective 2/12/98; WSR 95-22-008 (Order 94-30), § 173-303-120, filed 10/19/95, effective 11/19/95; WSR 94-01-060 (Order 92-33), § 173-303-120, filed 12/8/93, effective 1/8/94. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105 RCW. WSR 93-02-050 (Order 92-32), § 173-303-120, filed 1/5/93, effective 2/5/93. Statutory Authority: Chapters 70.105 and 70.105D RCW, 40 C.F.R. Part 271.3 and RCRA § 3006 (42 U.S.C. 3251). WSR 91-07-005 (Order 90-42), § 173-303-120, filed 3/7/91, effective 4/7/91. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105 RCW. WSR 88-18-083 (Order 88-29), § 173-303-120, filed 9/6/88; WSR 88-07-039 (Order 87-37), § 173-303-120, filed 3/11/88; WSR 87-14-029 (Order DE-87-4), § 173-303-120, filed 6/26/87; WSR 86-12-057 (Order DE-85-10), § 173-303-120, filed 6/3/86; WSR 84-14-031 (Order DE 84-22), § 173-303-120, filed 6/27/84. Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105 RCW and RCW 70.95.260. WSR 82-05-023 (Order DE 81-33), § 173-303-120, filed 2/10/82.]
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