173-204-415  <<  173-204-420 >>   173-204-500

WAC 173-204-420

Sediment impact zone maximum criteria.

This section establishes minor adverse effects as the maximum chemical contaminant concentration, maximum health risk to humans, maximum biological effects level, maximum other toxic, radioactive, biological, or deleterious substance level, and maximum nonanthropogenically affected sediment quality level allowed within authorized sediment impact zones due to an existing or proposed discharge. If the department determines that the standards of this section are or will be exceeded as a result of an existing or proposed discharge(s), the department shall authorize a sediment impact zone or modify a sediment impact zone authorization consistent with the standards of WAC 173-204-400 through 173-204-420 such that individual permit effluent limitations, requirements, and compliance time periods are sufficient to meet the standards of this section as applicable.
(1) Applicability.
(a) The marine sediment impact zone maximum chemical criteria, and the marine sediment biological effects criteria, and the marine sediment human health criteria, and the marine sediment other toxic, radioactive, biological or deleterious substance criteria and the marine sediment nonanthropogenically affected sediment criteria of this section shall apply to marine sediments within Puget Sound.
(b) Non-Puget Sound marine sediment impact zone maximum criteria. Reserved: The department shall determine on a case-by-case basis the criteria, methods, and procedures necessary to meet the intent of this chapter.
(c) Low salinity sediment impact zone maximum criteria. Reserved: The department shall determine on a case-by-case basis the criteria, methods, and procedures necessary to meet the intent of this chapter.
(d) Freshwater sediment impact zone maximum criteria. Reserved: The department shall determine on a case-by-case basis the criteria, methods, and procedures necessary to meet the intent of this chapter.
(2) Puget Sound marine sediment impact zone maximum chemical criteria. The maximum chemical concentration levels that may be allowed within an authorized sediment impact zone due to a permitted or otherwise authorized discharge shall be at or below the chemical levels stipulated in Table II, Sediment Impact Zone Maximum Chemical Criteria, except as provided for by the marine sediment biological effects restrictions of subsection (3) of this section, and any compliance time periods established under WAC 173-204-410 (6)(d) and 173-204-415.
(a) Where laboratory analysis indicates a chemical is not detected in a sediment sample, the detection limit shall be reported and shall be at or below the Marine Sediment Quality Standards chemical criteria value set in WAC 173-204-320(2).
(b) Where chemical criteria in this table represent the sum of individual compounds or isomers, the following methods shall be applied:
(i) Where chemical analyses identify an undetected value for every individual compound/isomer then the single highest detection limit shall represent the sum of the respective compounds/isomers; and
(ii) Where chemical analyses detect one or more individual compound/isomers, only the detected concentrations will be added to represent the group sum.
(c) The listed chemical parameter criteria represent concentrations in parts per million, "normalized," or expressed, on a total organic carbon basis. To normalize to total organic carbon, the dry weight concentration for each parameter is divided by the decimal fraction representing the percent total organic carbon content of the sediment.
(d) The LPAH criterion represents the sum of the following "low molecular weight polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon" compounds: Naphthalene, Acenaphthylene, Acenaphthene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, and Anthracene. The LPAH criterion is not the sum of the criteria values for the individual LPAH compounds as listed.
(e) The HPAH criterion represents the sum of the following "high molecular weight polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon" compounds: Fluoranthene, Pyrene, Benz(a)anthracene, Chrysene, Total Benzofluoranthenes, Benzo(a)pyrene, Indeno(1,2,3,-c,d)pyrene, Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, and Benzo(g,h,i)perylene. The HPAH criterion is not the sum of the criteria values for the individual HPAH compounds as listed.
(f) The total benzofluoranthenes criterion represents the sum of the concentrations of the "B," "J," and "K" isomers.
Table II
Puget Sound Marine Sediment Impact Zones
Maximum Chemical Criteria
CHEMICAL
PARAMETER
MG/KG DRY WEIGHT
(PARTS PER MILLION (PPM) DRY)
ARSENIC
93
CADMIUM
6.7
CHROMIUM
270
COPPER
390
LEAD
530
MERCURY
0.59
SILVER
6.1
ZINC
960
CHEMICAL
PARAMETER
MG/KG ORGANIC CARBON
(PPM CARBON)
LPAH
780
NAPHTHALENE
170
ACENAPHTHYLENE
66
ACENAPHTHENE
57
FLUORENE
79
PHENANTHRENE
480
ANTHRACENE
1200
2-METHYLNAPHTHALENE
64
HPAH
5300
FLUORANTHENE
1200
PYRENE
1400
BENZ(A)ANTHRACENE
270
CHRYSENE
460
TOTAL BENZOFLUORANTHENES
450
BENZO(A)PYRENE
210
INDENO (1,2,3,-C,D) PYRENE
88
DIBENZO (A,H) ANTHRACENE
33
BENZO(G,H,I)PERYLENE
78
1,2-DICHLOROBENZENE
2.3
1,4-DICHLOROBENZENE
9
1,2,4-TRICHLOROBENZENE
1.8
HEXACHLOROBENZENE
2.3
DIMETHYL PHTHALATE
53
DIETHYL PHTHALATE
110
DI-N-BUTYL PHTHALATE
1700
BUTYL BENZYL PHTHALATE
64
BIS (2-ETHYLHEXYL) PHTHALATE
78
DI-N-OCTYL PHTHALATE
4500
DIBENZOFURAN
58
HEXACHLOROBUTADIENE
6.2
N-NITROSODIPHENYLAMINE
11
TOTAL PCB'S
65
CHEMICAL
PARAMETER
UG/KG DRY WEIGHT
(PARTS PER BILLION (PPB) DRY)
PHENOL
1200
2-METHYLPHENOL
63
4-METHYLPHENOL
670
2,4-DIMETHYL PHENOL
29
PENTACHLOROPHENOL
690
BENZYL ALCOHOL
73
BENZOIC ACID
650
(3) Puget Sound marine sediment impact zone maximum biological effects criteria. The maximum biological effects level that may be allowed within an authorized sediment impact zone shall be at or below a minor adverse biological effects level. The acute and chronic effects biological tests of WAC 173-204-315(1) may be used to determine compliance with the minor adverse biological effects restriction within an authorized sediment impact zone as follows:
(a) When using biological testing to determine compliance with the maximum biological effects criteria within a sediment impact zone, a person shall select and conduct any two acute effects tests and any one chronic effects test.
(b) The biological tests shall not be considered valid unless test results for the appropriate control and reference sediment samples meet the performance standards described in WAC 173-204-315(2).
(c) The sediment impact zone maximum biological effects level is established as that level below which any two of the biological tests in any combination exceed the criteria of WAC 173-204-320(3), or one of the following biological test determinations is made:
(i) Amphipod: The test sediment has a higher (statistically significant, t test, p≤0.05) mean mortality than the reference sediment and the test sediment mean mortality is greater than a value represented by the reference sediment mean mortality plus thirty percent; or
(ii) Larval: The test sediment has a mean survivorship of normal larvae that is less (statistically significant, t test, p≤0.05) than the mean normal survivorship in the reference sediment sample and the test sediment mean normal survivorship is less than seventy percent of the mean normal survivorship in the reference sediment (i.e., the test sediment has a mean combined abnormality and mortality that is greater than thirty percent relative to time-final in the reference sediment); or
(iii) Benthic abundance: The test sediment has less than fifty percent of the reference sediment mean abundance of any two of the following major taxa: Class Crustacea, Phylum Mollusca or Class Polychaeta and the test sediment abundances are statistically different (t test, p≤0.05) from the reference sediment abundances; or
(iv) Juvenile polychaete: The test sediment has a mean individual growth rate of less than fifty percent of the reference sediment mean individual growth rate and the test sediment mean individual growth rate is statistically different (t test, p≤0.05) from the reference sediment mean individual growth rate.
(4) Puget Sound marine sediment impact zone maximum human health criteria. Reserved: The department may determine on a case-by-case basis the criteria, methods, and procedures necessary to meet the intent of this chapter.
(5) Puget Sound marine sediment impact zone maximum other toxic, radioactive, biological, or deleterious substances criteria. Other toxic, radioactive, biological or deleterious substances in, or on, sediments shall be below levels which cause minor adverse effects in marine biological resources, or which correspond to a significant health risk to humans, as determined by the department. The department shall determine on a case-by-case basis the criteria, methods, and procedures necessary to meet the intent of this chapter.
(6) Puget Sound marine sediment impact zone maximum nonanthropogenically affected sediment criteria. Whenever the nonanthropogenically affected sediment quality is of a lower quality (i.e., higher chemical concentrations, higher levels of adverse biological response, or posing a higher threat to human health) than the applicable sediment impact zone maximum criteria established under this section, the existing sediment chemical and biological quality shall be identified on an area-wide basis as determined by the department, and used in place of the standards of WAC 173-204-420.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 90.48.220. WSR 96-02-058, § 173-204-420, filed 12/29/95, effective 1/29/96. Statutory Authority: Chapters 43.21C, 70.105D, 90.48, 90.52, 90.54 and 90.70 RCW. WSR 91-08-019 (Order 90-41), § 173-204-420, filed 3/27/91, effective 4/27/91.]
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