HTML has links - PDF has Authentication

Chapter 246-240 WAC

Last Update: 4/7/14

RADIATION PROTECTION—MEDICAL USE OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

WAC Sections

HTMLPDF246-240-001Purpose and scope.
HTMLPDF246-240-004Other federal and state requirements.
HTMLPDF246-240-007Provisions for the protection of human research subjects.
HTMLPDF246-240-010Definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms.
HTMLPDF246-240-013Maintenance of records.
HTMLPDF246-240-016License required.
HTMLPDF246-240-019Application for license, amendment, or renewal.
HTMLPDF246-240-022License amendments.
HTMLPDF246-240-025Notifications.
HTMLPDF246-240-028Exemptions regarding Type A specific licenses of broad scope.
HTMLPDF246-240-031License issuance and specific exemptions.
HTMLPDF246-240-051Authority and responsibilities for the radiation protection program.
HTMLPDF246-240-054Radiation protection program changes.
HTMLPDF246-240-057Supervision.
HTMLPDF246-240-060Written directives.
HTMLPDF246-240-063Procedures for administrations requiring a written directive.
HTMLPDF246-240-066Suppliers for sealed sources or devices for medical use.
HTMLPDF246-240-069Training for radiation safety officer.
HTMLPDF246-240-072Training for an authorized medical physicist.
HTMLPDF246-240-075Training for an authorized nuclear pharmacist.
HTMLPDF246-240-078Training for experienced radiation safety officer, teletherapy or medical physicist, authorized user, and nuclear pharmacist.
HTMLPDF246-240-081Recentness of training.
HTMLPDF246-240-101Possession, use, and calibration of instruments used to measure the activity of unsealed radioactive material.
HTMLPDF246-240-104Calibration of survey instruments.
HTMLPDF246-240-107Determination of dosages of unsealed radioactive material for medical use.
HTMLPDF246-240-110Authorization for calibration, transmission, and reference sources.
HTMLPDF246-240-113Requirements for possession of sealed sources and brachytherapy sources.
HTMLPDF246-240-116Labeling of vials and syringes.
HTMLPDF246-240-119Surveys of ambient radiation exposure rate.
HTMLPDF246-240-122Release of individuals containing unsealed radioactive material or implants containing radioactive material.
HTMLPDF246-240-125Provision of mobile medical service.
HTMLPDF246-240-128Decay-in-storage.
HTMLPDF246-240-151Use of unsealed radioactive material for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies for which a written directive is not required.
HTMLPDF246-240-154Training for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies.
HTMLPDF246-240-157Use of unsealed radioactive material for imaging and localization studies for which a written directive is not required.
HTMLPDF246-240-160Permissible molybdenum-99 concentration.
HTMLPDF246-240-163Training for imaging and localization studies.
HTMLPDF246-240-201Use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required.
HTMLPDF246-240-204Safety instruction.
HTMLPDF246-240-207Safety precautions.
HTMLPDF246-240-210Training for use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required.
HTMLPDF246-240-213Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries).
HTMLPDF246-240-216Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities greater than 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries).
HTMLPDF246-240-219Training for the parenteral administration of unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive.
HTMLPDF246-240-251Use of sources for manual brachytherapy.
HTMLPDF246-240-254Surveys after source implant and removal.
HTMLPDF246-240-260Brachytherapy source accountability.
HTMLPDF246-240-263Safety instruction.
HTMLPDF246-240-266Safety precautions.
HTMLPDF246-240-269Calibration measurements of brachytherapy sources.
HTMLPDF246-240-272Decay of strontium-90 sources for ophthalmic treatments.
HTMLPDF246-240-275Therapy-related computer systems.
HTMLPDF246-240-278Training for use of manual brachytherapy sources.
HTMLPDF246-240-281Training for ophthalmic use of strontium-90.
HTMLPDF246-240-301Use of sealed sources for diagnosis.
HTMLPDF246-240-304Training for use of sealed sources for diagnosis.
HTMLPDF246-240-351Use of a sealed source in a remote afterloader unit, teletherapy unit, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit.
HTMLPDF246-240-354Surveys of patients and human research subjects treated with a remote afterloader unit.
HTMLPDF246-240-357Installation, maintenance, adjustment, and repair.
HTMLPDF246-240-360Safety procedures and instructions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-363Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-366Dosimetry equipment.
HTMLPDF246-240-369Full calibration measurements on teletherapy units.
HTMLPDF246-240-372Full calibration measurements on remote afterloader units.
HTMLPDF246-240-375Full calibration measurements on gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-378Periodic spot-checks for teletherapy units.
HTMLPDF246-240-381Periodic spot-checks for remote afterloader units.
HTMLPDF246-240-384Periodic spot-checks for gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-387Additional technical requirements for mobile remote afterloader units.
HTMLPDF246-240-390Radiation surveys.
HTMLPDF246-240-393Five-year inspection for teletherapy and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-396Therapy-related computer systems.
HTMLPDF246-240-399Training for use of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-501Other medical uses of radioactive material or radiation from radioactive material.
HTMLPDF246-240-551Records of authority and responsibilities for radiation protection programs.
HTMLPDF246-240-554Records of radiation protection program changes.
HTMLPDF246-240-557Records of written directives.
HTMLPDF246-240-560Records for procedures for administrations requiring a written directive.
HTMLPDF246-240-563Records of calibrations of instruments used to measure the activity of unsealed radioactive material.
HTMLPDF246-240-566Records of radiation survey instrument calibrations.
HTMLPDF246-240-569Records of dosages of unsealed radioactive material for medical use.
HTMLPDF246-240-572Records of leak tests and inventory of sealed sources and brachytherapy sources.
HTMLPDF246-240-575Records of surveys for ambient radiation exposure rate.
HTMLPDF246-240-578Records of the release of individuals containing unsealed radioactive material or implants containing radioactive material.
HTMLPDF246-240-581Records of mobile medical services.
HTMLPDF246-240-584Records of decay-in-storage.
HTMLPDF246-240-587Records of molybdenum-99, strontium-82, and strontium-85 concentrations.
HTMLPDF246-240-590Records of safety instruction.
HTMLPDF246-240-593Records of surveys after source implant and removal.
HTMLPDF246-240-596Records of brachytherapy source accountability.
HTMLPDF246-240-599Records of calibration measurements of brachytherapy sources.
HTMLPDF246-240-602Records of decay of strontium-90 sources for ophthalmic treatments.
HTMLPDF246-240-605Records of installation, maintenance, adjustment, and repair of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-608Records of safety procedures.
HTMLPDF246-240-611Records of dosimetry equipment used with remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-614Records of teletherapy, remote afterloader, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery full calibrations.
HTMLPDF246-240-617Records of periodic spot-checks for teletherapy units.
HTMLPDF246-240-620Records of periodic spot-checks for remote afterloader units.
HTMLPDF246-240-623Records of periodic spot-checks for gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-626Records of additional technical requirements for mobile remote afterloader units.
HTMLPDF246-240-629Records of surveys of therapeutic treatment units.
HTMLPDF246-240-632Records of five-year inspection for teletherapy and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
HTMLPDF246-240-651Report and notification of a medical event.
HTMLPDF246-240-654Report and notification of a dose to an embryo/fetus or a nursing child.
HTMLPDF246-240-657Report of a leaking source.
DISPOSITION OF SECTIONS FORMERLY CODIFIED IN THIS TITLE
246-240-015Policy and procedures for therapy administration. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 98-13-037, § 246-240-015, filed 6/8/98, effective 7/9/98; WSR 95-01-108, § 246-240-015, filed 12/21/94, effective 1/21/95.] Repealed by WSR 06-05-019, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-020Interstitial, intracavitary and superficial applications. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 98-13-037, § 246-240-020, filed 6/8/98, effective 7/9/98; WSR 94-06-017, § 246-240-020, filed 2/22/94, effective 3/25/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 91-15-112 (Order 184), § 246-240-020, filed 7/24/91, effective 8/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.040. WSR 91-02-049 (Order 121), recodified as § 246-240-020, filed 12/27/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.080. WSR 87-01-031 (Order 2450), § 402-32-020, filed 12/11/86; WSR 83-19-050 (Order 2026), § 402-32-020, filed 9/16/83. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 81-01-011 (Order 1570), § 402-32-020, filed 12/8/80; Order 1084, § 402-32-020, filed 1/14/76; Order 1, § 402-32-020, filed 1/8/69; Rules (part), filed 10/26/66.] Repealed by WSR 06-05-019, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-030Teletherapy. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 91-15-112 (Order 184), § 246-240-030, filed 7/24/91, effective 8/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.040. WSR 91-02-049 (Order 121), recodified as § 246-240-030, filed 12/27/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.080. WSR 83-19-050 (Order 2026), § 402-32-030, filed 9/16/83. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 81-01-011 (Order 1570), § 402-32-030, filed 12/8/80; Order 1084, § 402-32-030, filed 1/14/76; Order 1, § 402-32-030, filed 1/8/69; Rules (part), filed 10/26/66.] Repealed by WSR 06-05-019, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-040Special requirements for teletherapy licensees. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 91-15-112 (Order 184), § 246-240-040, filed 7/24/91, effective 8/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.040. WSR 91-02-049 (Order 121), recodified as § 246-240-040, filed 12/27/90, effective 1/31/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.080. WSR 87-01-031 (Order 2450), § 402-32-100, filed 12/11/86; WSR 83-19-050 (Order 2026), § 402-32-100, filed 9/16/83. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 81-01-011 (Order 1570), § 402-32-100, filed 12/8/80.] Repealed by WSR 06-05-019, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-050Notifications, records, and reports of therapy misadministrations. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 98-13-037, § 246-240-050, filed 6/8/98, effective 7/9/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 92-06-008 (Order 245), § 246-240-050, filed 2/21/92, effective 3/23/92.] Repealed by WSR 06-05-019, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-451Radiation safety officer. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-451, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-454Training for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-454, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-457Training for imaging and localization studies. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-457, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-460Training for therapeutic use of unsealed radioactive material. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-460, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-463Training for treatment of hyperthyroidism. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-463, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-466Training for treatment of thyroid carcinoma. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-466, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-469Training for use of brachytherapy sources. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-469, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-472Training for ophthalmic use of strontium-90. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-472, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-475Training for use of sealed sources for diagnosis. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-475, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-478Training for use of therapeutic medical devices. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-478, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-481Training for authorized medical physicist. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-481, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-484Training for an authorized nuclear pharmacist. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-484, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.
246-240-487Training for experienced nuclear pharmacists. [Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-487, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.] Repealed by WSR 07-14-131, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050.


PDF246-240-001

Purpose and scope.

This chapter contains the requirements and provisions for the medical use of radioactive material and for issuance of specific licenses authorizing the medical use of this material. These requirements and provisions provide for the radiation safety of workers, the general public, patients, and human research subjects. The requirements and provisions of chapters 246-220, 246-221, 246-222, 246-232, 246-235, and 246-254 WAC, apply to applicants and licensees subject to this chapter unless specifically exempted.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-001, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-001, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.70.040. WSR 91-02-049 (Order 121), recodified as § 246-240-001, filed 12/27/90, effective 1/31/91; Order 1084, § 402-32-010, filed 1/14/76; Order 1, § 402-32-010, filed 1/8/69; Rules (part), filed 10/26/66.]



PDF246-240-004

Other federal and state requirements.

Nothing in this chapter relieves the licensee from complying with applicable FDA, or other federal and state requirements governing radioactive drugs or devices.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-004, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-007

Provisions for the protection of human research subjects.

(1) A licensee may conduct research involving human research subjects only if it uses the radioactive materials specified on its license for the uses authorized on its license.
(2) If the research is conducted, funded, supported, or regulated by another federal agency that has implemented the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (federal policy), the licensee shall, before conducting research:
(a) Obtain review and approval of the research from an "institutional review board," as defined and described in the federal policy; and
(b) Obtain "informed consent," as defined and described in the federal policy, from the human research subject.
(3) If the research will not be conducted, funded, supported, or regulated by another federal agency that has implemented the federal policy, the licensee shall, before conducting research, apply for and receive a specific amendment to its medical use license. The amendment request must include a written commitment that the licensee will, before conducting research:
(a) Obtain review and approval of the research from an "institutional review board," as defined and described in the federal policy; and
(b) Obtain "informed consent," as defined and described in the federal policy, from the human research subject.
(4) Nothing in this section relieves licensees from complying with the other requirements in this chapter.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-007, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-010

Definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms.

The definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms in this section and in WAC 246-220-010 apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
(1) "Address of use" means the building or buildings that are identified on the license and where radioactive material may be received, prepared, used, or stored.
(2) "Area of use" means a portion of an address of use that has been set aside for the purpose of receiving, preparing, using, or storing radioactive material.
(3) "Attestation" means written certification under oath.
(4) "Authorized medical physicist" means an individual who:
(a) Meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-072 and 246-240-081; or
(b) Is identified as an authorized medical physicist or teletherapy physicist on:
(i) A specific medical use license issued by the department, NRC or an agreement state;
(ii) A medical use permit issued by a NRC master material licensee;
(iii) A permit issued by a NRC or agreement state broad scope medical use licensee; or
(iv) A permit issued by a NRC master material license broad scope medical use permittee.
(5) "Authorized nuclear pharmacist" means a pharmacist who:
(a) Meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-075 and 246-240-081; or
(b) Is identified as an authorized nuclear pharmacist on:
(i) A specific license issued by the department, NRC or an agreement state, that authorizes medical use or the practice of nuclear pharmacy;
(ii) A permit issued by a NRC master material licensee that authorizes medical use or the practice of nuclear pharmacy;
(iii) A permit issued by a NRC or agreement state broad scope medical use licensee that authorizes medical use or the practice of nuclear pharmacy; or
(iv) A permit issued by a NRC master material license broad scope medical use permittee that authorizes medical use or the practice of nuclear pharmacy; or
(c) Is identified as an authorized nuclear pharmacist by a commercial nuclear pharmacy that has been authorized to identify authorized nuclear pharmacists; or
(d) Is designated as an authorized nuclear pharmacist in accordance with WAC 246-235-100(2).
(6) "Authorized user" means a physician, dentist, or podiatrist who:
(b) Is identified as an authorized user on:
(i) A department, NRC, or agreement state license that authorizes the medical use of radioactive material; or
(ii) A permit issued by a NRC master material licensee that is authorized to permit the medical use of radioactive material; or
(iii) A permit issued by a department, NRC, or agreement state specific licensee of broad scope that is authorized to permit the medical use of radioactive material; or
(iv) A permit issued by a NRC master material license broad scope permittee that is authorized to permit the medical use of radioactive material.
(7) "Brachytherapy" means a method of radiation therapy in which sources are used to deliver a radiation dose at a distance of up to a few centimeters by surface, intracavitary, intraluminal, or interstitial application.
(8) "Brachytherapy source" means a radioactive source or a manufacturer-assembled source train or a combination of these sources that is designed to deliver a therapeutic dose within a distance of a few centimeters.
(9) "Client's address" means the area of use or a temporary job site for the purpose of providing mobile medical service in accordance with WAC 246-240-125.
(10) "Cyclotron" means a particle accelerator in which the charged particles travel in an outward spiral or circular path. A cyclotron accelerates charged particles at energies usually in excess of 10 mega-electron volts and is commonly used for production of short half-life radionuclides for medical use.
(11) "Dedicated check source" means a radioactive source that is used to assure the constant operation of a radiation detection or measurement device over several months or years.
(12) "Dentist" means an individual licensed by a state or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to practice dentistry.
(13) "FDA" means the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
(14) "High dose-rate remote afterloader" means a brachytherapy device that remotely delivers a dose rate in excess of 12 gray (1200 rads) per hour at the point or surface where the dose is prescribed.
(15) "Low dose-rate remote afterloader" means a brachytherapy device that remotely delivers a dose rate of less than or equal to 2 gray (200 rads) per hour at the point or surface where the dose is prescribed.
(16) "Management" means the chief executive officer or other individual having the authority to manage, direct, or administer the licensee's activities, or that person's delegate or delegates.
(17) "Manual brachytherapy" means a type of brachytherapy in which the brachytherapy sources (e.g., seeds, ribbons) are manually placed topically on or inserted either into the body cavities that are in close proximity to a treatment site or directly into the tissue volume.
(18) "Medical event" means an event that meets the criteria in WAC 246-240-651.
(19) "Medical institution" means an organization in which more than one medical discipline is practiced.
(20) "Medical use" means the intentional internal or external administration of radioactive material or the radiation from radioactive material to patients or human research subjects under the supervision of an authorized user.
(21) "Medium dose-rate remote afterloader" means a brachytherapy device that remotely delivers a dose rate of greater than 2 gray (200 rads), but less than or equal to 12 grays (1200 rads) per hour at the point or surface where the dose is prescribed.
(22) "Mobile medical service" means the transportation of radioactive material to and its medical use at the client's address.
(23) "Output" means the exposure rate, dose rate, or a quantity related in a known manner to these rates from a brachytherapy source or a teletherapy, remote afterloader, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit for a specified set of exposure conditions.
(24) "Patient intervention" means actions by the patient or human research subject, whether intentional or unintentional, such as dislodging or removing treatment devices or prematurely terminating the administration.
(25) "Podiatrist" means an individual licensed by a state or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to practice podiatry.
(26) "Positron emission tomography radionuclide production facility" means a facility operating an accelerator for the purpose of producing positron emission tomography radionuclides.
(27) "Preceptor" means an individual who provides, directs, or verifies training and experience required for an individual to become an authorized user, an authorized medical physicist, an authorized nuclear pharmacist, or an authorized radiation safety officer.
(28) "Prescribed dosage" means the specified activity or range of activity of unsealed radioactive material as documented:
(a) In a written directive; or
(b) In accordance with the directions of the authorized user for procedures performed under WAC 246-240-151 and 246-240-157.
(29) "Prescribed dose" means:
(a) For gamma stereotactic radiosurgery, the total dose as documented in the written directive;
(b) For teletherapy, the total dose and dose per fraction as documented in the written directive;
(c) For manual brachytherapy, either the total source strength and exposure time or the total dose, as documented in the written directive; or
(d) For remote brachytherapy afterloaders, the total dose and dose per fraction as documented in the written directive.
(30) "Pulsed dose-rate remote afterloader" means a special type of remote afterloading brachytherapy device that uses a single source capable of delivering dose rates in the "high dose-rate" range, but:
(a) Is approximately one-tenth of the activity of typical high dose-rate remote afterloader sources; and
(b) Is used to simulate the radiobiology of a low dose-rate treatment by inserting the source for a given fraction of each hour.
(31) "Sealed source and device registry" means the national registry that contains all the registration certificates, generated by NRC and the agreement states, that summarize the radiation safety information for the sealed sources and devices and describe the licensing and use conditions approved for the product.
(32) "Stereotactic radiosurgery" means the use of external radiation in conjunction with a stereotactic guidance device to very precisely deliver a therapeutic dose to a tissue volume.
(33) "Structured educational program" means an educational program designed to impart particular knowledge and practical education through interrelated studies and supervised training.
(34) "Teletherapy" means a method of radiation therapy in which collimated gamma rays are delivered at a distance from the patient or human research subject.
(35) "Temporary job site" means a location where mobile medical services are conducted at other than those fixed location(s) of use authorized by the license.
(36) "Therapeutic dosage" means a dosage of unsealed radioactive material that is intended to deliver a radiation dose to a patient or human research subject for palliative or curative treatment.
(37) "Therapeutic dose" means a radiation dose delivered from a source containing radioactive material to a patient or human research subject for palliative or curative treatment.
(38) "Treatment site" means the anatomical description of the tissue intended to receive a radiation dose, as described in a written directive.
(39) "Type of use" means use of radioactive material under WAC 246-240-151, 246-240-157, 246-240-201, 246-240-251, 246-240-301, 246-240-351, or 246-240-501.
(40) "Unit dosage" means a dosage prepared for medical use for administration as a single dosage to a patient or human research subject without any further manipulation of the dosage after it is initially prepared.
(41) "Written directive" means an authorized user's written order for the administration of radioactive material or radiation from radioactive material to a specific patient or human research subject, as specified in WAC 246-240-060.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-010, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-010, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-010, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-010, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-010, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06; WSR 98-13-037, § 246-240-010, filed 6/8/98, effective 7/9/98. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 92-06-008 (Order 245), § 246-240-010, filed 2/21/92, effective 3/23/92.]



PDF246-240-013

Maintenance of records.

Each record required by this chapter must be legible throughout the retention period specified by each department regulation. The record may be the original or a reproduced copy or a microform provided that the copy or microform is authenticated by authorized personnel and that the microform is capable of producing a clear copy throughout the required retention period. The record may also be stored in electronic media with the capability for producing legible, accurate, and complete records during the required retention period. Records such as letters, drawings, and specifications, must include all pertinent information such as stamps, initials, and signatures. The licensee shall maintain adequate safeguards against tampering with and loss of records.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-013, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-016

License required.

(1) A person may manufacture, produce, acquire, receive, possess, prepare, use, or transfer radioactive material for medical use only in accordance with a specific license issued by the department, NRC or an agreement state, or as allowed in subsection (2)(a) or (b) of this section.
(2) A specific license is not needed for an individual who:
(a) Receives, possesses, uses, or transfers radioactive material in accordance with these rules under the supervision of an authorized user under WAC 246-240-057, unless prohibited by license condition; or
(b) Prepares unsealed radioactive material for medical use in accordance with these rules under the supervision of an authorized nuclear pharmacist or authorized user under WAC 246-240-057, unless prohibited by license condition.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-016, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-016, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-019

Application for license, amendment, or renewal.

(1) An application must be signed by the applicant's or licensee's management.
(2) An application for a license for medical use of radioactive material as described in WAC 246-240-151, 246-240-157, 246-240-201, 246-240-251, 246-240-301, 246-240-351, and 246-240-501 must be made by:
(a) Filing the original "Application for Radioactive Material License Medical," with the department that includes the facility diagram, equipment, and training and experience qualifications of the radiation safety officer, authorized user(s), authorized medical physicist(s), and authorized nuclear pharmacist(s); and
(b) Submitting applicable procedures required by WAC 246-240-360, 246-240-378, 246-240-381, and 246-240-384.
(3) A request for a license amendment or renewal must be made by:
(a) Submitting an original of either to the department:
(i) "Application for Radioactive Material License Medical"; or
(ii) A letter requesting the amendment or renewal; and
(b) Submitting applicable procedures required by WAC 246-240-360, 246-240-378, 246-240-381, and 246-240-384.
(4) In addition to the requirements in subsections (2) and (3) of this section, an application for a license or amendment for medical use of radioactive material as described in WAC 246-240-501 must also include information regarding any radiation safety aspects of the medical use of the material that is not addressed in this chapter.
(a) The applicant shall also provide specific information on:
(i) Radiation safety precautions and instructions;
(ii) Methodology for measurement of dosages or doses to be administered to patients or human research subjects; and
(iii) Calibration, maintenance, and repair of instruments and equipment necessary for radiation safety.
(b) The applicant or licensee shall also provide any other information requested by the department in its review of the application.
(5) An applicant that satisfies the requirements specified in WAC 246-235-090 may apply for a Type A specific license of broad scope.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-019, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-022

License amendments.

A licensee shall apply for and must receive a license amendment before the licensee:
(1) Receives, prepares, or uses radioactive material for a type of use that is permitted under this chapter, but that is not authorized on the licensee's current license issued under this chapter;
(2) Permits anyone to work as an authorized user, authorized nuclear pharmacist, or authorized medical physicist under the license, except:
(a) For an authorized user, an individual who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-154, 246-240-163, 246-240-210, 246-240-213, 246-240-216, 246-240-278, or 246-240-399;
(b) For an authorized nuclear pharmacist, an individual who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-075 and 246-240-081;
(c) For an authorized medical physicist, an individual who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-072 and 246-240-081; or
(d) An individual who is identified as an authorized user, an authorized nuclear pharmacist, or authorized medical physicist:
(i) On an agreement state or NRC license or other equivalent license recognized by the department that authorizes the use of radioactive material in medical use or in the practice of nuclear pharmacy; or
(ii) On a permit issued by NRC or an agreement state specific license of broad scope which is licensed to authorize the use of radioactive material in medical use or in the practice of nuclear pharmacy;
(iii) On a permit issued by NRC master material licensee that is licensed to authorize the use of radioactive material in medical use or in the practice of nuclear pharmacy; or
(iv) By a commercial nuclear pharmacy that has been licensed to authorize nuclear pharmacists.
(3) Changes radiation safety officers, except as provided in WAC 246-240-051;
(4) Receives radioactive material in excess of the amount or in a different form, or receives a different radionuclide than is authorized on the license;
(5) Adds to or changes the areas of use identified in the application or on the license, except for areas of use where radioactive material is used only in accordance with either WAC 246-240-151 or 246-240-157;
(6) Changes the address(es) of use identified in the application or on the license; and
(7) Revises procedures required by WAC 246-240-360, 246-240-378, 246-240-381, and 246-240-384, as applicable, where the revision reduces radiation safety.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-022, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-022, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-025

Notifications.

(1) A licensee shall notify the department no later than thirty days after:
(a) An authorized user, an authorized nuclear pharmacist, a radiation safety officer, or an authorized medical physicist permanently discontinues performance of duties under the license or has a name change;
(b) The licensee's mailing address changes;
(c) The licensee's name changes, but the name change does not constitute a transfer of control of the license as described in WAC 246-232-050(2);
(d) The licensee has added to or changed the areas of use identified in the application or on the license where radioactive material is used under either WAC 246-240-151 or 246-240-157; or
(e) The licensee permits an authorized user or an individual qualified to be a radiation safety officer, under WAC 246-240-069 and 246-240-081, to function as a temporary radiation safety officer and to perform the functions of a radiation safety officer in accordance with WAC 246-240-051(3).
(2) The licensee shall send the documents required in this section to the department at P.O. Box 47827, Olympia WA 98504-7827.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-025, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-025, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06; WSR 98-13-037, § 246-240-025, filed 6/8/98, effective 7/9/98.]



PDF246-240-028

Exemptions regarding Type A specific licenses of broad scope.

A licensee possessing a Type A specific license of broad scope for medical use, issued under WAC 246-235-090, is exempt from the provisions of:
(1) WAC 246-240-019 regarding the need to file an amendment to the license for medical use of radioactive material, as described in WAC 246-240-501;
(2) WAC 246-240-022(2);
(3) WAC 246-240-022(5) regarding additions to or changes in the areas of use at the addresses identified in the application or on the license;
(4) WAC 246-240-025 (1)(a) for an authorized user, an authorized nuclear pharmacist, or an authorized medical physicist;
(5) WAC 246-240-025 (1)(d) regarding additions to or changes in the areas of use identified in the application or on the license where radioactive material is used in accordance with either WAC 246-240-151 or 246-240-157;
(6) WAC 246-240-066.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 14-01-077, § 246-240-028, filed 12/16/13, effective 1/16/14; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-028, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-031

License issuance and specific exemptions.

(1) The department shall issue a license for the medical use of radioactive material if:
(a) The applicant has filed "Application for Radioactive Material License Medical" in accordance with the instructions in WAC 246-240-019;
(b) The applicant has paid applicable fee under chapter 246-254 WAC;
(c) The department finds the applicant equipped and committed to observe the safety standards established by the department in these regulations for the protection of the public health and safety; and
(d) The applicant meets the requirements of chapter 246-232 WAC.
(2) The department shall issue a license for mobile medical service if the applicant:
(a) Meets the requirements in subsection (1) of this section; and
(b) Assures that individuals or human research subjects to whom unsealed radioactive material, or radiation from implants containing radioactive material, will be administered may be released following treatment in accordance with WAC 246-240-122.
(3) The department may, upon application of any interested person or upon its own initiative, grant exemptions from this chapter that it determines are authorized by law and will not endanger life or property or the common defense and security and are otherwise in the public interest.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-031, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-051

Authority and responsibilities for the radiation protection program.

(1) In addition to the radiation protection program requirements of WAC 246-221-005, a licensee's management shall approve in writing:
(a) Requests for a license application, renewal, or amendment before submittal to the department;
(b) Any individual before allowing that individual to work as an authorized user, authorized nuclear pharmacist, or authorized medical physicist; and
(c) Radiation protection program changes that do not require a license amendment and are permitted under WAC 246-240-054;
(2) A licensee's management shall appoint a radiation safety officer, who agrees, in writing, to be responsible for implementing the radiation protection program. The licensee, through the radiation safety officer, shall ensure that radiation safety activities are being performed in accordance with licensee-approved procedures and regulatory requirements.
(3) For up to sixty days each year, a licensee may permit an authorized user or an individual qualified to be a radiation safety officer, under WAC 246-240-069 and 246-240-081, to function as a temporary radiation safety officer and to perform the functions of a radiation safety officer, under subsection (7) of this section, if the licensee takes the actions required in subsections (2), (5), (7), and (8) of this section and notifies the department in accordance with WAC 246-240-025.
(4) A licensee may simultaneously appoint more than one temporary radiation safety officer under subsection (3) of this section, if needed to ensure that the licensee has a temporary radiation safety officer that satisfies the requirements to be a radiation safety officer for each of the different types of uses of radioactive material permitted by the license.
(5) A licensee shall establish the authority, duties, and responsibilities of the radiation safety officer in writing.
(6) Licensees that are authorized for two or more different types of use of radioactive material under WAC 246-240-201, 246-240-251, or 246-240-351, shall establish a radiation safety committee to oversee all uses of radioactive material permitted by the license. The committee must include an authorized user of each type of use permitted by the license, the radiation safety officer, a representative of the nursing service, and a representative of management who is neither an authorized user nor a radiation safety officer. The committee may include other members the licensee considers appropriate.
(7) A licensee shall provide the radiation safety officer sufficient authority, organizational freedom, time, resources, and management prerogative, to:
(a) Identify radiation safety problems;
(b) Initiate, recommend, or provide corrective actions;
(c) Stop unsafe operations; and
(d) Verify implementation of corrective actions.
(8) A licensee shall retain a record of actions taken under subsections (1), (2), and (5) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-551.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-051, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-051, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-054

Radiation protection program changes.

(1) A licensee may revise its radiation protection program without department approval if:
(a) The revision does not require a license amendment under WAC 246-240-022;
(b) The revision is in compliance with this chapter and the license;
(c) The revision has been reviewed and approved by the radiation safety officer and licensee management; and
(d) The affected individuals are instructed on the revised program before the changes are implemented.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record of each change in accordance with WAC 246-240-554.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-054, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-057

Supervision.

(1) A licensee that permits the receipt, possession, use, or transfer of radioactive material by an individual under the supervision of an authorized user, as allowed by WAC 246-240-016, shall in addition to the requirements in WAC 246-222-030:
(a) Instruct the supervised individual in the licensee's written radiation protection procedures, written directive procedures, this chapter, and license conditions with respect to the use of radioactive material; and
(b) Require the supervised individual to follow the instructions of the supervising authorized user for medical uses of radioactive material, written radiation protection procedures established by the licensee, written directive procedures, regulations of these regulations, and license conditions with respect to the medical use of radioactive material.
(2) A licensee that permits the preparation of radioactive material for medical use by an individual under the supervision of an authorized nuclear pharmacist or physician who is an authorized user, as allowed by WAC 246-240-016, shall:
(a) In addition to the requirements in WAC 246-222-030, instruct the supervised individual in the preparation of radioactive material for medical use, as appropriate to that individual's involvement with radioactive material; and
(b) Require the supervised individual to follow the instructions of the supervising authorized user or authorized nuclear pharmacist regarding the preparation of radioactive material for medical use, written radiation protection procedures established by the licensee, this chapter, and license conditions.
(c) A licensee that permits supervised activities under subsections (1) and (2) of this section is responsible for the acts and omissions of the supervised individual.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-057, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-060

Written directives.

(1) A written directive must be dated and signed by an authorized user before the administration of I-131 sodium iodide greater than 1.11 megabecquerels (30 microcuries), any therapeutic dosage of unsealed radioactive material or any therapeutic dose of radiation from radioactive material.
If, because of the emergent nature of the patient's condition, a delay in order to provide a written directive would jeopardize the patient's health, an oral directive is acceptable. The information contained in the oral directive must be documented as soon as possible in writing in the patient's record. A written directive must be prepared within forty-eight hours of the oral directive.
(2) The written directive must contain the patient or human research subject's name and the following information:
(a) For any administration of quantities greater than 1.11 megabecquerels (30 microcuries) of sodium iodide I-131: The dosage;
(b) For an administration of a therapeutic dosage of unsealed radioactive material other than sodium iodide I-131: The radioactive drug, dosage, and route of administration;
(c) For gamma stereotactic radiosurgery: The total dose, treatment site, and values for the target coordinate settings per treatment for each anatomically distinct treatment site;
(d) For teletherapy: The total dose, dose per fraction, number of fractions, and treatment site;
(e) For high dose-rate remote afterloading brachytherapy: The radionuclide, treatment site, dose per fraction, number of fractions, and total dose; or
(f) For all other brachytherapy, including low, medium, and pulsed dose rate remote afterloaders:
(i) Before implantation: Treatment site, the radionuclide, and dose; and
(ii) After implantation but before completion of the procedure: The radionuclide, treatment site, number of sources, and total source strength and exposure time (or the total dose).
(3) A written revision to an existing written directive may be made if the revision is dated and signed by an authorized user before the administration of the dosage of unsealed radioactive material, the brachytherapy dose, the gamma stereotactic radiosurgery dose, the teletherapy dose, or the next fractional dose.
If, because of the patient's condition, a delay in order to provide a written revision to an existing written directive would jeopardize the patient's health, an oral revision to an existing written directive is acceptable. The oral revision must be documented as soon as possible in the patient's record. A revised written directive must be signed by the authorized user within forty-eight hours of the oral revision.
(4) The licensee shall retain a copy of the written directive in accordance with WAC 246-240-557.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-060, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-060, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-063

Procedures for administrations requiring a written directive.

(1) For any administration requiring a written directive, the licensee shall develop, implement, and maintain written procedures to provide high confidence that:
(a) The patient's or human research subject's identity is verified before each administration; and
(b) Each administration is in accordance with the written directive.
(2) At a minimum, the procedures required by subsection (1) of this section must address the following items that are applicable to the licensee's use of radioactive material:
(a) Verifying the identity of the patient or human research subject;
(b) Verifying that the administration is in accordance with the treatment plan, if applicable, and the written directive;
(c) Checking both manual and computer-generated dose calculations; and
(d) Verifying that any computer-generated dose calculations are correctly transferred into the consoles of therapeutic medical units authorized by WAC 246-240-351.
(3) A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required under subsection (1) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-560.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-063, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-066

Suppliers for sealed sources or devices for medical use.

For medical use, a licensee may only use:
(1) Sealed sources or devices manufactured, labeled, packaged, and distributed in accordance with a license issued under WAC 246-235-102.
(2) Sealed sources or devices noncommercially transferred from NRC or an agreement state medical use licensee; or
(3) Teletherapy sources manufactured and distributed in accordance with a license issued under chapter 246-232 WAC.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-066, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-066, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-066, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-069

Training for radiation safety officer.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an individual fulfilling the responsibilities of the radiation safety officer under WAC 246-240-051 to be an individual who:
(1) Is certified by a specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC, or an agreement state, and who meets the requirements of subsections (4) and (5) of this section. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC, or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page, at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Hold a bachelor's or graduate degree from an accredited college or university in physical science or engineering or biological science with a minimum of twenty college credits in physical science;
(b) Have five or more years of professional experience in health physics (graduate training may be substituted for no more than two years of the required experience) including at least three years in applied health physics; and
(c) Pass an examination administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which evaluates knowledge and competence in radiation physics and instrumentation, radiation protection, mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity, radiation biology, and radiation dosimetry; or
(i) Hold a master's or doctor's degree in physics, medical physics, other physical science, engineering, or applied mathematics from an accredited college or university;
(ii) Have two years of full-time practical training or supervised experience in medical physics:
(A) Under the supervision of a medical physicist who is certified in medical physics by a specialty board recognized by NRC or an agreement state; or
(B) In clinical nuclear medicine facilities providing diagnostic or therapeutic services under the direction of physicians who meet the requirements for authorized users in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-163 or 246-240-210; and
(iii) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, that assesses knowledge and competence in clinical diagnostic radiological or nuclear medicine physics and in radiation safety; or
(d) Obtain written attestation signed by a preceptor radiation safety officer that the individual has achieved a level of radiation safety knowledge sufficient to function independently as a radiation safety officer for a medical use licensee; or
(2)(a) Has completed a structured educational program consisting of both:
(i) Two hundred hours of classroom and laboratory training in the following areas:
(A) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(B) Radiation protection;
(C) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(D) Radiation biology; and
(E) Radiation dosimetry; and
(ii) One year of full-time radiation safety experience under the supervision of the individual identified as the radiation safety officer on a department or agreement state license or license issued by NRC that authorizes similar type(s) of use(s) of radioactive material involving the following:
(A) Shipping, receiving, and performing related radiation surveys;
(B) Using and performing checks for proper operation of instruments used to determine the activity of dosages, survey meters, and instruments used to measure radionuclides;
(C) Securing and controlling radioactive material;
(D) Using administrative controls to avoid mistakes in the administration of radioactive material;
(E) Using procedures to prevent or minimize radioactive contamination and using proper decontamination procedures;
(F) Using emergency procedures to control radioactive material; and
(G) Disposing of radioactive material; or
(b) Is a medical physicist who has been certified by a specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC, or an agreement state under WAC 246-240-072 and has experience in radiation safety for similar types of use of radioactive material for which the licensee is seeking the approval of the individual as radiation safety officer and who meets the requirements in subsections (4) and (5) of this section; or
(3) Is an authorized user, authorized medical physicist, or authorized nuclear pharmacist identified on the licensee's license or a medical physicist who has been certified by a specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state under WAC 246-240-072 and has experience with the radiation safety aspects of similar types of use of radioactive material for which the individual has radiation safety officer responsibilities; and
(4) Has obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor radiation safety officer, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsection (5) of this section, and in subsection (1)(a) and (b), or (c)(i) and (ii) of this section, or subsection (2)(a) or (b) of this section, or subsection (3) of this section and has achieved a level of radiation safety knowledge sufficient to function independently as a radiation safety officer for a medical use licensee; and
(5) Has training in the radiation safety, regulatory issues, and emergency procedures for the types of use for which a licensee seeks approval. This training requirement may be satisfied by completing training that is supervised by an authorized medical physicist, authorized user, authorized nuclear pharmacist, or radiation safety officer, as appropriate, who is authorized for the type(s) of use for which the licensee is seeking approval.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-069, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-069, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-069, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-069, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-072

Training for an authorized medical physicist.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require the authorized medical physicist to be an individual who:
(1) Is certified by a specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state and who meets the requirements in subsections (2)(b) and (3) of this section. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Hold a master's or doctor's degree in physics, medical physics, other physical science, engineering, or applied mathematics from an accredited college or university;
(b) Have two years of full-time practical training or supervised experience in medical physics:
(i) Under the supervision of a medical physicist who is certified in medical physics by a specialty board recognized by NRC or an agreement state; or
(ii) In clinical radiation facilities providing high energy, external beam therapy (photons and electrons with energies greater than or equal to one million electron volts) and brachytherapy services under the direction of physicians who meet the requirements for authorized users in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-278 or 246-240-399;
(c) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which assesses knowledge and competence in clinical radiation therapy, radiation safety, calibration, quality assurance, and treatment planning for external beam therapy, brachytherapy, and stereotactic radiosurgery; or
(2)(a) Holds a master's or doctor's degree in physics, medical physics, other physical science, engineering, or applied mathematics from an accredited college or university; and has completed one year of full-time training in medical physics and an additional year of full-time work experience under the supervision of an individual who meets the requirements for an authorized medical physicist for the type(s) of use modalities for which the individual is seeking authorization. This training and work experience must be conducted in clinical radiation facilities that provide high energy, external beam therapy and brachytherapy services and must include:
(i) Performing sealed source leak tests and inventories;
(ii) Performing decay corrections;
(iii) Performing full calibration and periodic spot checks of external beam treatment units, stereotactic radiosurgery units, and remote afterloading units as applicable; and
(iv) Conducting radiation surveys around external beam treatment units, stereotactic radiosurgery units, and remote afterloading units as applicable; and
(b) Has obtained written attestation that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsections (1)(a) and (b) and (3), or (2)(a) and (3) of this section, and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized medical physicist for each type of therapeutic medical unit for which the individual is requesting authorized medical physicist status. The written attestation must be signed by a preceptor authorized medical physicist who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-072, 246-240-078, or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements for an authorized medical physicist for each type of therapeutic medical unit for which the individual is requesting authorized medical physicist status; and
(3) Has training for the type(s) of use in the modalities for which authorization is sought that includes hands-on device operation, safety procedures, clinical use, and the operation of a treatment planning system. This training requirement may be satisfied by satisfactorily completing either a training program provided by the vendor or by training supervised by an authorized medical physicist authorized for the type(s) of use for which the individual is seeking authorization.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-072, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-072, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-072, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-072, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-075

Training for an authorized nuclear pharmacist.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require the authorized nuclear pharmacist to be a pharmacist who:
(1) Is certified by a specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state and who meets the requirements in subsection (2)(b) of this section. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Have graduated from a pharmacy program accredited by the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education or have passed the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Examination Committee examination;
(b) Hold a current, active license to practice pharmacy;
(c) Provide evidence of having acquired at least four thousand hours of training/experience in nuclear pharmacy practice. Academic training may be substituted for no more than two thousand hours of the required training and experience; and
(d) Pass an examination in nuclear pharmacy administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which assesses knowledge and competency in procurement, compounding, quality assurance, dispensing, distribution, health and safety, radiation safety, provision of information and consultation, monitoring patient outcomes, research and development; or
(2)(a) Has completed two hundred hours in a structured educational program consisting of both:
(i) Didactic training in the following areas:
(A) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(B) Radiation protection;
(C) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(D) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use; and
(E) Radiation biology; and
(ii) Supervised practical experience in a nuclear pharmacy involving:
(A) Shipping, receiving, and performing related radiation surveys;
(B) Using and performing checks for proper operation of instruments used to determine the activity of dosages, survey meters, and, if appropriate, instruments used to measure alpha-or beta-emitting radionuclides;
(C) Calculating, assaying, and safely preparing dosages for patients or human research subjects;
(D) Using administrative controls to avoid medical events in the administration of radioactive material; and
(E) Using procedures to prevent or minimize radioactive contamination and using proper decontamination procedures; and
(b) Has obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized nuclear pharmacist, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsections (1)(a), (b), and (c) or (2)(a) of this section and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized nuclear pharmacist.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-075, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-075, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-075, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-078

Training for experienced radiation safety officer, teletherapy or medical physicist, authorized user, and nuclear pharmacist.

(1) An individual identified as a radiation safety officer, a teletherapy or medical physicist, or a nuclear pharmacist on a department, NRC, or agreement state license, or a permit issued by an agreement state or NRC broad scope licensee or master material license permit, or by a master material license permittee of broad scope before October 24, 2006, need not comply with the training requirements of WAC 246-240-069, 246-240-072, or 246-240-075, respectively.
(2) Physicians, dentists, or podiatrists identified as authorized users for the medical use of radioactive material on a license issued by the department or agreement state, or NRC broad scope license, or license issued before October 24, 2006, who perform only those medical uses for which they were authorized on that date need not comply with the training requirements of WAC 246-240-151 and 246-240-399.
(3) Individuals who need not comply with training requirements as described in this section may serve as preceptors for, and supervisors of, applicants seeking authorization on state of Washington radioactive materials licenses for the same uses for which these individuals are authorized.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-078, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-078, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-078, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-081

Recentness of training.

Training and experience specified in WAC 246-240-069, 246-240-072, 246-240-075, 246-240-078, 246-240-154, 246-240-163, 246-240-210, 246-240-213, 246-240-216, 246-240-278, 246-240-281, and 246-240-399, must have been obtained within the seven years preceding the date of application or the individual must have had related continuing education and experience since the required training and experience was completed.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-081, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-081, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-101

Possession, use, and calibration of instruments used to measure the activity of unsealed radioactive material.

(1) For direct measurements performed in accordance with WAC 246-240-107, a licensee shall possess and use instrumentation to measure the activity of unsealed radioactive material before it is administered to each patient or human research subject.
(2) A licensee shall calibrate the instrumentation required in subsection (1) of this section in accordance with nationally recognized standards or the manufacturer's instructions.
(3) A licensee shall retain a record of each instrument calibration required by this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-563.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-101, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-104

Calibration of survey instruments.

(1) A licensee shall calibrate the survey instruments used to show compliance with this section and WAC 246-240-587 before first use, annually, and following a repair that affects the calibration. A licensee shall:
(a) Calibrate all scales with readings up to 10 mSv (1000 mrem) per hour with a radiation source;
(b) Calibrate two separated readings on each scale or decade that will be used to show compliance; and
(c) Conspicuously note on the instrument the date of calibration.
(2) A licensee may not use survey instruments if the difference between the indicated exposure rate and the calculated exposure rate is more than twenty percent.
(3) A licensee shall retain a record of each survey instrument calibration in accordance with WAC 246-240-566.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-104, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-107

Determination of dosages of unsealed radioactive material for medical use.

(1) A licensee shall determine and record the activity of each dosage before medical use.
(2) For a unit dosage, this determination must be made by:
(a) Direct measurement of radioactivity; or
(b) A decay correction, based on the activity or activity concentration determined by:
(i) A manufacturer, producer, or preparer licensed under WAC 246-235-100 or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements; or
(ii) An agreement state or NRC licensee for use in research in accordance with a radioactive drug research committee-approved protocol or an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA.
(3) For other than unit dosages, this determination must be made by:
(a) Direct measurement of radioactivity;
(b) Combination of measurement of radioactivity and mathematical calculations; or
(c) Combination of volumetric measurements and mathematical calculations, based on the measurement made by a manufacturer, producer, or preparer licensed under WAC 246-235-100 or equivalent agreement state requirements.
(4) Unless otherwise directed by the authorized user, a licensee may not use a dosage if the dosage does not fall within the prescribed dosage range or if the dosage differs from the prescribed dosage by more than twenty percent.
(5) A licensee shall retain a record of the dosage determination required by this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-569.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-107, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-107, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-107, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-110

Authorization for calibration, transmission, and reference sources.

Any person authorized by WAC 246-240-016 for medical use of radioactive material may receive, possess, and use any of the following radioactive material for check, calibration, transmission, and reference use:
(1) Sealed sources, not exceeding 1.11 gigabecquerels (30 millicuries) each, manufactured and distributed by a person licensed under WAC 246-235-102 or equivalent agreement state or NRC regulations.
(2) Sealed sources, not exceeding 1.11 gigabecquerels (30 millicuries) each, redistributed by a licensee authorized to redistribute the sealed sources manufactured and distributed by a person licensed under WAC 246-235-102, or equivalent agreement state or NRC regulations if the redistributed sealed sources are in the original packaging and shielding and are accompanied by the manufacturer's approved instructions.
(3) Any radioactive material with a half-life not longer than one hundred twenty days in individual amounts not to exceed 0.56 gigabecquerels (15 millicuries).
(4) Any radioactive material with a half-life longer than one hundred twenty days in individual amounts not to exceed the smaller of 7.4 megabecquerels (200 microcuries) or 1000 times the quantities in Schedule B of WAC 246-232-120.
(5) Technetium-99m in amounts as needed.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-110, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-110, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-110, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-110, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-113

Requirements for possession of sealed sources and brachytherapy sources.

(1) A licensee in possession of any sealed source or brachytherapy source shall follow the radiation safety and handling instructions supplied by the manufacturer.
(2) A licensee in possession of a sealed source shall:
(a) Test the source for leakage before its first use unless the licensee has a certificate from the supplier indicating that the source was tested within six months before transfer to the licensee; and
(b) Test the source for leakage at intervals not to exceed six months or at other intervals approved by the department, NRC, or an agreement state in the sealed source and device registry.
(3) To satisfy the leak test requirements of this section, the licensee shall ensure the sample is analyzed by such method that the leak test can detect the presence of 185 becquerels (0.005 microcuries) of radioactive material in the sample.
(4) A licensee shall retain leak test records in accordance with WAC 246-240-572(1).
(5) If the leak test reveals the presence of 185 becquerels (0.005 microcurie) or more of removable contamination, the licensee shall:
(a) Immediately withdraw the sealed source from use and store, dispose, or cause it to be repaired in accordance with the requirements in chapters 246-221 and 246-232 WAC; and
(b) File a report within five days of the leak test in accordance with WAC 246-240-657.
(6) A licensee need not perform a leak test on the following sources:
(a) Sources containing only radioactive material with a half-life of less than thirty days;
(b) Sources containing only radioactive material as a gas;
(c) Sources containing 3.7 megabecquerels (100 microcuries) or less of beta- or gamma-emitting material or 0.37 megabecquerel (10 microcuries) or less of alpha-emitting material;
(d) Seeds of iridium-192 encased in nylon ribbon; and
(e) Sources stored and not being used. However, the licensee shall test each source for leakage before any use or transfer unless it has been leak tested within six months before the date of use or transfer.
(7) A licensee in possession of sealed sources or brachytherapy sources, except for gamma stereotactic radiosurgery sources, shall conduct a physical inventory of all the sources in its possession at intervals not to exceed six months. The licensee shall retain each inventory record in accordance with WAC 246-240-572.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-113, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-113, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-113, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-116

Labeling of vials and syringes.

Each syringe and vial that contains unsealed radioactive material must be labeled to identify the radioactive drug. Each syringe shield and vial shield must also be labeled unless the label on the syringe or vial is visible when shielded.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-116, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-119

Surveys of ambient radiation exposure rate.

(1) In addition to the surveys required by chapter 246-221 WAC, a licensee shall survey with a radiation detection survey instrument at the end of each day of use. A licensee shall survey all areas where unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive was prepared for use or administered.
(2) A licensee does not need to perform the surveys required by subsection (1) of this section in an area(s) where patients or human research subjects are confined when they cannot be released under WAC 246-240-122.
(3) A licensee shall retain a record of each survey in accordance with WAC 246-240-575.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-119, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-122

Release of individuals containing unsealed radioactive material or implants containing radioactive material.

(1) A licensee may authorize the release from its control of any individual who has been administered unsealed radioactive material or implants containing radioactive material if the total effective dose equivalent to any other individual from exposure to the released individual is not likely to exceed 5 mSv (0.5 rem).
(2) A licensee shall provide the released individual, or the individual's parent or guardian, with instructions, including written instructions, on actions recommended to maintain doses to other individuals as low as is reasonably achievable if the total effective dose equivalent to any other individual is likely to exceed 1 mSv (0.1 rem). If the total effective dose equivalent to a nursing infant or child could exceed 1 mSv (0.1 rem) assuming there were no interruption of breast-feeding, the instructions must also include:
(a) Guidance on the interruption or discontinuation of breast-feeding; and
(b) Information on the potential consequences, if any, of failure to follow the guidance.
(3) A licensee shall maintain a record of the basis for authorizing the release of an individual in accordance with WAC 246-240-578(1).
(4) The licensee shall maintain a record of instructions provided to a breast-feeding female in accordance with WAC 246-240-578(2). NUREG-1556, Vol. 9, "Consolidated Guidance About Materials Licenses: Program-Specific Guidance About Medical Licenses," describes methods for calculating doses to other individuals and contains tables of activities not likely to cause doses exceeding 5 mSv (0.5 rem).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-122, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-125

Provision of mobile medical service.

(1) A licensee who provides mobile medical service shall:
(a) Obtain a letter signed by the management of each client to whom services are rendered that permits the use of radioactive material at the client's address and clearly delineates the authority and responsibility of the licensee and the client;
(b) Check instruments used to measure the activity of unsealed radioactive material for proper function before medical use at each client's address or on each day of use, whichever is more frequent. At a minimum, the check for proper function required by this section must include a constancy check;
(c) Check survey instruments for proper operation with a dedicated check source before use at each client's address; and
(d) Before leaving a client's address, survey all areas of use to ensure compliance with chapter 246-221 WAC.
(2) A mobile medical service may not have radioactive material delivered from the manufacturer or the distributor to the client unless the client has a license allowing possession of the radioactive material. Radioactive material delivered to the client must be received and handled in conformance with the client's license.
(3) A licensee providing mobile medical services shall retain the letter required in subsection (1)(a) of this section and the record of each survey required in subsection (1)(d) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-581.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-125, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-128

Decay-in-storage.

(1) A licensee may hold radioactive material with a physical half-life of less than one hundred twenty days for decay-in-storage before disposal without regard to its radioactivity if it:
(a) Monitors radioactive material at the surface before disposal and determines that its radioactivity cannot be distinguished from the background radiation level with an appropriate radiation detection survey meter set on its most sensitive scale and with no interposed shielding; and
(b) Removes or obliterates all radiation labels, except for radiation labels on materials that are within containers and that will be managed as biomedical waste after they have been released from the licensee.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record of each disposal permitted under subsection (1) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-584.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-128, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-151

Use of unsealed radioactive material for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies for which a written directive is not required.

Except for quantities that require a written directive under WAC 246-240-060(2), a licensee may use any unsealed radioactive material prepared for medical use for uptake, dilution, or excretion studies that is:
(1) Obtained from a manufacturer, producer, or preparer licensed under WAC 246-235-100(1) or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements; or
(2) Prepared by an authorized nuclear pharmacist, or a physician who is an authorized user and who meets the requirements specified in WAC 246-240-163, or 246-240-210 and 246-240-163 (3)(a)(ii)(G), or an individual under the supervision of either as specified in WAC 246-240-057; or
(3) Obtained from and prepared by an agreement state or NRC licensee for use in research in accordance with a radioactive drug research committee-approved protocol or an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA; or
(4) Prepared by the licensee for use in research in accordance with a radioactive drug research committee-approved application or an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-151, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-151, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-151, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-151, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-154

Training for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for the uses authorized under WAC 246-240-151 to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state and who meets the requirements of subsection (3)(b) of this section. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by the department, the NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Meet the requirements in subsection (3)(a) of this section; and
(b) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which assesses knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, and quality control; or
(2) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-163 or 246-240-210 or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or subsection (3)(a) of this section; or
(3)(a) Has completed sixty hours of training and experience, including a minimum of eight hours of classroom and laboratory training, in basic radionuclide handling techniques applicable to the medical use of unsealed radioactive material for uptake, dilution, and excretion studies. The training and experience must include:
(i) Classroom and laboratory training in the following areas:
(A) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(B) Radiation protection;
(C) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(D) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use; and
(E) Radiation biology; and
(ii) Work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-154, 246-240-163, or 246-240-210 or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements, involving:
(A) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys;
(B) Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters;
(C) Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages;
(D) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of unsealed radioactive material;
(E) Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely and using proper decontamination procedures; and
(F) Administering dosages of radioactive drugs to patients or human research subjects; and
(b) Has obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-154, 246-240-163, or 246-240-210, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in (a) of this subsection and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for the medical uses authorized under WAC 246-240-151.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-154, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-154, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-154, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-154, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-157

Use of unsealed radioactive material for imaging and localization studies for which a written directive is not required.

Except for quantities that require a written directive under WAC 246-240-060(2), a licensee may use any unsealed radioactive material prepared for medical use for imaging and localization studies that is:
(1) Obtained from a manufacturer, producer, or preparer licensed under WAC 246-235-100(1) or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(2) Prepared by an authorized nuclear pharmacist, a physician who is an authorized user and who meets the requirements specified in WAC 246-240-163, or 246-240-210 and 246-240-163 (3)(a)(ii)(G), or an individual under the supervision of either as specified in WAC 246-240-057;
(3) Obtained from and prepared by an agreement state or NRC licensee for use in research in accordance with a radioactive drug research committee-approved protocol or an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA; or
(4) Prepared by the licensee for use in research in accordance with a radioactive drug research committee-approved application or an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-157, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-157, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-157, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-157, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-160

Permissible molybdenum-99 concentration.

(1) A licensee may not administer to humans a radiopharmaceutical that contains more than:
(a) 5.55 kilobecquerel of molybdenum-99 per 37 megabecquerel of technetium-99m (0.15 microcurie of molybdenum-99 per millicurie of technetium-99m); or
(b) 0.02 kilobecquerel of strontium-82 per megabecquerel of rubidium-82 chloride injection, (0.02 microcurie of strontium-82 per millicurie of rubidium-82 chloride); or
(c) 0.2 kilobecquerel of strontium-85 per megabecquerel of rubidium-82 chloride injection (0.2 microcurie of strontium-85 per millicurie of rubidium-82).
(2) A licensee that uses molybdenum-99/technetium-99m generators for preparing a technetium-99m radiopharmaceutical shall measure the molybdenum-99 concentration of the first eluate after receipt of a generator to demonstrate compliance with subsection (1) of this section.
(3) A licensee that uses a strontium-82/rubidium-82 generator for preparing a rubidium-82 radiopharmaceutical shall, before the first patient use of the day, measure the concentration of strontium-82 and strontium-85 to demonstrate compliance with subsection (1)(a) of this section.
(4) If a licensee is required to measure the molybdenum-99 concentration, or strontium-82 and strontium-85 concentrations the licensee shall retain a record of each measurement in accordance with WAC 246-240-587.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-160, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-160, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-163

Training for imaging and localization studies.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for the uses authorized under WAC 246-240-157 to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state and who meets the requirements in subsection (3)(b) of this section. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Satisfy the requirements in subsection (3)(a) of this section; and
(b) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which assesses knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, and quality control; or
(2) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-210 and meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-163 (3)(a)(ii)(G) and 246-240-210 or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(3)(a) Has completed seven hundred hours of training and experience, including a minimum of eighty hours of classroom and laboratory training, in basic radionuclide handling techniques applicable to the medical use of unsealed radioactive material for imaging and localization studies. The training and experience must include, at a minimum:
(i) Classroom and laboratory training in the following areas:
(A) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(B) Radiation protection;
(C) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(D) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use;
(E) Radiation biology; and
(ii) Work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user, who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-163, or 246-240-210 and 246-240-163 (3)(a)(ii)(G), or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements, involving:
(A) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys;
(B) Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters;
(C) Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages;
(D) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of unsealed radioactive material;
(E) Using procedures to safely contain spilled radioactive material and using proper decontamination procedures;
(F) Administering dosages of radioactive drugs to patients or human research subjects; and
(G) Eluting generator systems appropriate for preparation of radioactive drugs for imaging and localization studies, measuring and testing the eluate for radionuclidic purity, and processing the eluate with reagent kits to prepare labeled radioactive drugs; and
(b) Has obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-163, or 246-240-210 and 246-240-163 (3)(a)(ii)(G) or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in (a) of this subsection and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for the medical uses authorized under WAC 246-240-151 and 246-240-157.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-163, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-163, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-163, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-163, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-201

Use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required.

A licensee may use any unsealed radioactive material prepared for medical use and for which a written directive is required that is:
(1) Obtained from a manufacturer, producer, or preparer licensed under WAC 246-235-100(1) or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(2) Prepared by an authorized nuclear pharmacist, a physician who is an authorized user and who meets the requirements specified in WAC 246-240-163 or 246-240-210, or an individual under the supervision of either as specified in WAC 246-240-057; or
(3) Obtained from and prepared by an agreement state or NRC licensee for use in research in accordance with an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA; or
(4) Prepared by the licensee for use in research in accordance with an investigational new drug protocol accepted by FDA.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-201, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-201, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-201, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-204

Safety instruction.

In addition to the requirements of WAC 246-222-030:
(1) A licensee shall provide radiation safety instruction, initially and at least annually, to personnel caring for patients or human research subjects who cannot be released under WAC 246-240-122. To satisfy this requirement, the instruction must be commensurate with the duties of the personnel and include:
(a) Patient or human research subject control;
(b) Visitor control, including:
(i) Routine visitation to hospitalized individuals in accordance with WAC 246-221-060 (1)(a); and
(ii) Visitation authorized in accordance with WAC 246-221-060(2);
(c) Contamination control;
(d) Waste control; and
(e) Notification of the radiation safety officer, or their designee, and the authorized user if the patient or the human research subject has a medical emergency or dies.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record of individuals receiving instruction in accordance with WAC 246-240-590.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-204, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-207

Safety precautions.

(1) For each patient or human research subject who cannot be released under WAC 246-240-122, a licensee shall:
(a) Quarter the patient or the human research subject either in:
(i) A private room with a private sanitary facility; or
(ii) A room, with a private sanitary facility, with another individual who also has received therapy with unsealed radioactive material and who also cannot be released under WAC 246-240-122;
(b) Visibly post the patient's or the human research subject's room with a "Caution—Radioactive Materials" sign.
(c) Note on the door or in the patient's or human research subject's chart where and how long visitors may stay in the patient's or the human research subject's room; and
(d) Either monitor material and items removed from the patient's or the human research subject's room to determine that their radioactivity cannot be distinguished from the natural background radiation level with a radiation detection survey instrument set on its most sensitive scale and with no interposed shielding, or handle the material and items as radioactive waste.
(2) A licensee shall notify the radiation safety officer, or their designee, and the authorized user as soon as possible if the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or dies.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-207, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-210

Training for use of unsealed radioactive material for which a written directive is required.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user of unsealed radioactive material for the uses authorized under WAC 246-240-201 to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Successfully complete a residency training in a radiation therapy or nuclear medicine training program or a program in a related medical specialty that includes seven hundred hours of training and experience as described in subsection (2) of this section. Eligible training programs must be approved by the Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or the Committee on Postgraduate Training of the American Osteopathic Association; and
(b) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which tests knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, quality assurance, and clinical use of unsealed by-product material; or
(2) Has completed seven hundred hours of training and experience, including a minimum of two hundred hours of classroom and laboratory training, in basic radionuclide handling techniques applicable to the medical use of unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive. The training and experience must include:
(a) Classroom and laboratory training in the following areas:
(i) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(ii) Radiation protection;
(iii) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(iv) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use; and
(v) Radiation biology; and
(b) Work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, or subsection (1) or (2) of this section, or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements. A supervising authorized user, who meets the requirements in this subsection, must also have experience in administering dosages in the same dosage category or categories (i.e., this section) as the individual requesting authorized user status. The work experience must involve:
(i) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys;
(ii) Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters;
(iii) Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages;
(iv) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of unsealed radioactive material;
(v) Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely and using proper decontamination procedures; and
(vi) Administering dosages of radioactive drugs to patients or human research subjects involving a minimum of three cases in each of the following categories for which the individual is requesting authorized user status:
(A) Oral administration of less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries) of sodium iodide I-131 for which a written directive is required;
(B) Oral administration of greater than 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries) of sodium iodide I-131. Experience with at least three cases in this also satisfies the requirement in (b)(vi)(A) of this subsection;
(C) Parenteral administration of any beta emitter, or a photon-emitting radionuclide with a photon energy less than 150 keV for which a written directive is required; or
(D) Parenteral administration of any other radionuclide for which a written directive is required; and
(E) Has obtained written attestation that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsection (1)(a) and (2)(b)(vi) of this section, and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for the medical uses authorized under WAC 246-240-201. The written attestation must be signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in this section, WAC 246-240-078, or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements. The preceptor authorized user, who meets the requirements in this subsection, must also have experience in administering dosages in the same dosage category or categories (i.e., this section) as the individual requesting authorized user status.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 14-09-017, § 246-240-210, filed 4/7/14, effective 5/8/14; WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-210, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-210, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-210, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-210, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-213

Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries).

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries), to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process includes all of the requirements in subsection (3) of this section and whose certification has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.); or
(2) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-210 for uses listed in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(A) and (B), 246-240-216, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(3)(a) Has successfully completed eighty hours of classroom and laboratory training, applicable to the medical use of sodium iodide I-131 for procedures requiring a written directive. The training must include:
(i) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(ii) Radiation protection;
(iii) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(iv) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use; and
(v) Radiation biology; and
(b) Has work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-210, 246-240-213, 246-240-216, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements. A supervising authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-210(2), must also have experience in administering dosages as specified in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(A) or (B). The work experience must involve:
(i) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys;
(ii) Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters;
(iii) Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages;
(iv) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of radioactive material;
(v) Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely and using proper decontamination procedures; and
(vi) Administering dosages to patients or human research subjects, that includes at least three cases involving the oral administration of less than or equal to 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries) of sodium iodide I-131; and
(c) Has obtained written attestation that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in (a) and (b) of this subsection and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for medical uses authorized under WAC 246-240-201. The written attestation must be signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-210, 246-240-213, 246-240-216, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements. A preceptor authorized user, who meets the requirement in WAC 246-240-210(2), must also have experience in administering dosages as specified in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(A) or (B).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-213, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-213, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-213, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-213, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-216

Training for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities greater than 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries).

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user for the oral administration of sodium iodide I-131 requiring a written directive in quantities greater than 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries), to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process includes all of the requirements in subsection (3) of this section and whose certification has been recognized by the department, NRC or an agreement state. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.); or
(2) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-210 for uses listed in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(B), or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(3)(a) Has successfully completed eighty hours of classroom and laboratory training, applicable to the medical use of sodium iodide I-131 for procedures requiring a written directive. The training must include:
(i) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(ii) Radiation protection;
(iii) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(iv) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use; and
(v) Radiation biology; and
(b) Has work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-210, 246-240-216, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements. A supervising authorized user, who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-210(2), must also have experience in administering dosages as specified in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(B).
The work experience must involve:
(i) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys;
(ii) Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters;
(iii) Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages;
(iv) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of radioactive material;
(v) Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely and using proper decontamination procedures; and
(vi) Administering dosages to patients or human research subjects, that includes at least three cases involving the oral administration of greater than 1.22 gigabecquerels (33 millicuries) of sodium iodide I-131; and
(c) Has obtained written attestation that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in (a) and (b) of this subsection and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for medical uses authorized under WAC 246-240-201. The written attestation must be signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-210, 246-240-216, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements. A preceptor authorized user, who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-210(2), must have experience in administering dosages as specified in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(B).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-216, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-216, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-216, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-216, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-219

Training for the parenteral administration of unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user for the parenteral administration requiring a written directive, to be a physician who:
(1) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-210 for uses listed in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(C) or (D), or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(2) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-278 or 246-240-399, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements and who meets the requirements in subsection (4) of this section; or
(3) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the NRC or an agreement state under WAC 246-240-278 or 246-240-399, and who meets the requirements in subsection (4) of this section.
(4)(a) Has successfully completed eighty hours of classroom and laboratory training, applicable to parenteral administrations, for which a written directive is required, of any beta emitter or any photon-emitting radionuclide with a photon energy less than 150 keV, or parenteral administration of any other radionuclide for which a written directive is required. The training must include:
(i) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(ii) Radiation protection;
(iii) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(iv) Chemistry of radioactive material for medical use; and
(v) Radiation biology; and
(b) Has work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-210, 246-240-219, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements, in the parenteral administration, for which a written directive is required, of any beta emitter or any photon-emitting radionuclide with a photon energy less than 150 keV, or parenteral administration of any other radionuclide for which a written directive is required. A supervising authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-210 must have experience in administering dosages as specified in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(C) or (D). The work experience must involve:
(i) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely, and performing the related radiation surveys;
(ii) Performing quality control procedures on instruments used to determine the activity of dosages, and performing checks for proper operation of survey meters;
(iii) Calculating, measuring, and safely preparing patient or human research subject dosages;
(iv) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of unsealed radioactive material;
(v) Using procedures to contain spilled radioactive material safely, and using proper decontamination procedures; and
(vi) Administering dosages to patients or human research subjects, that include at least three cases involving the parenteral administration, for which a written directive is required, of any beta emitter, or any photon-emitting radionuclide with a photon energy less than 150 keV or at least three cases involving the parenteral administration of any other radionuclide, for which a written directive is required; and
(5) Has obtained written attestation that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsection (2) or (3) of this section, and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user for the parenteral administration of unsealed radioactive material requiring a written directive. The written attestation must be signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-210, 246-240-219, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements. A preceptor authorized user, who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-210, must have experience in administering dosages as specified in WAC 246-240-210 (2)(b)(vii)(C) or (D).
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-219, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-219, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-219, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-219, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-251

Use of sources for manual brachytherapy.

A licensee shall use only brachytherapy sources for therapeutic medical uses:
(1) As approved in the sealed source and device registry; or
(2) In research in accordance with an active investigational device exemption (IDE) application accepted by the FDA provided the requirements of WAC 246-240-066 are met.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-251, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-254

Surveys after source implant and removal.

(1) Immediately after implanting sources in a patient or a human research subject, the licensee shall make a survey to locate and account for all sources that have not been implanted.
(2) Immediately after removing the last temporary implant source from a patient or a human research subject, the licensee shall make a survey of the patient or the human research subject with a radiation detection survey instrument to confirm that all sources have been removed.
(3) A licensee shall retain a record of the surveys required by subsections (1) and (2) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-593.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-254, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-260

Brachytherapy source accountability.

(1) A licensee shall maintain accountability at all times for all brachytherapy sources in storage, transport, or use.
(2) As soon as possible after removing sources from a patient or a human research subject, a licensee shall return brachytherapy sources to a secure storage area.
(3) A licensee shall maintain a record of the brachytherapy source accountability in accordance with WAC 246-240-596.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-260, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-263

Safety instruction.

In addition to the requirements of WAC 246-222-030:
(1) The licensee shall provide radiation safety instruction, initially and at least annually, to personnel caring for patients or human research subjects who are receiving brachytherapy and cannot be released under WAC 246-240-122. To satisfy this requirement, the instruction must be commensurate with the duties of the personnel and include the:
(a) Size and appearance of the brachytherapy sources;
(b) Safe handling and shielding instructions;
(c) Patient or human research subject control;
(d) Visitor control, including both:
(i) Routine visitation of hospitalized individuals in accordance with WAC 246-221-060 (1)(a); and
(ii) Visitation authorized in accordance with WAC 246-221-060(2); and
(e) Notification of the radiation safety officer, or their designee, and an authorized user if the patient or the human research subject has a medical emergency or dies.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record of individuals receiving instruction in accordance with WAC 246-240-590.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-263, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-266

Safety precautions.

(1) For each patient or human research subject who is receiving brachytherapy and cannot be released under WAC 246-240-122, a licensee shall:
(a) Not quarter the patient or the human research subject in the same room as an individual who is not receiving brachytherapy;
(b) Visibly post the patient's or human research subject's room with a "Caution—Radioactive Materials" sign; and
(c) Note on the door or in the patient's or human research subject's chart where and how long visitors may stay in the patient's or human research subject's room.
(2) A licensee shall have applicable emergency response equipment available near each treatment room to respond to a source:
(a) Dislodged from the patient; and
(b) Lodged within the patient following removal of the source applicators.
(3) A licensee shall notify the radiation safety officer, or their designee, and an authorized user as soon as possible if the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or dies.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-266, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-269

Calibration measurements of brachytherapy sources.

(1) Before the first medical use of a brachytherapy source on or after March 9, 2006, a licensee shall have:
(a) Determined the source output or activity using a dosimetry system that meets the requirements of WAC 246-240-366(1);
(b) Determined source positioning accuracy within applicators; and
(c) Used published protocols currently accepted by nationally recognized bodies to meet the requirements of (a) and (b) of this subsection.
(2) A licensee may use measurements provided by the source manufacturer or by a calibration laboratory accredited by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine that are made in accordance with subsection (1) of this section.
(3) A licensee shall mathematically correct the outputs or activities determined in subsection (1) of this section for physical decay at intervals consistent with one percent physical decay.
(4) A licensee shall retain a record of each calibration in accordance with WAC 246-240-599.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-269, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-269, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-272

Decay of strontium-90 sources for ophthalmic treatments.

(1) Only an authorized medical physicist shall calculate the activity of each strontium-90 source that is used to determine the treatment times for ophthalmic treatments. The decay must be based on the activity determined under WAC 246-240-269.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record of the activity of each strontium-90 source in accordance with WAC 246-240-602.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-272, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-275

Therapy-related computer systems.

The licensee shall perform acceptance testing on the treatment planning system of therapy-related computer systems in accordance with published protocols accepted by nationally recognized bodies. At a minimum, the acceptance testing must include, as applicable, verification of:
(1) The source-specific input parameters required by the dose calculation algorithm;
(2) The accuracy of dose, dwell time, and treatment time calculations at representative points;
(3) The accuracy of isodose plots and graphic displays; and
(4) The accuracy of the software used to determine sealed source positions from radiographic images.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-275, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-278

Training for use of manual brachytherapy sources.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user of a manual brachytherapy source for the uses authorized under WAC 246-240-251 to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC, or an agreement state. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Successfully complete a minimum of three years of residency training in a radiation oncology program approved by the Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or the Committee on Postgraduate Training of the American Osteopathic Association;
(b) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which tests knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, treatment planning, quality assurance, and clinical use of high and low dose-rate brachytherapy; and
(c) Obtain written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-278 or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements, that the individual has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user of manual brachytherapy sources for the medical uses authorized in WAC 246-240-251; or
(2)(a) Has completed a structured educational program in basic radionuclide handling techniques applicable to the use of manual brachytherapy sources that includes:
(i) Two hundred hours of classroom and laboratory training in the following areas:
(A) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(B) Radiation protection;
(C) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity; and
(D) Radiation biology; and
(ii) Five hundred hours of work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-278 or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements at a medical institution, involving:
(A) Ordering, receiving, and unpacking radioactive materials safely and performing the related radiation surveys;
(B) Checking survey meters for proper operation;
(C) Preparing, implanting, and removing brachytherapy sources;
(D) Maintaining running inventories of material on hand;
(E) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of radioactive material;
(F) Using emergency procedures to control radioactive material; and
(b) Has completed three years of supervised clinical experience in radiation oncology, under an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-278 or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements, as part of a formal training program approved by the Residency Review Committee for Radiation Oncology of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or the Committee on Postdoctoral Training of the American Osteopathic Association. This experience may be obtained concurrently with the supervised work experience required by (a)(ii) of this subsection; and
(c) Has obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-278 or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsection (1)(a) of this section, or (a) and (b) of this subsection and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user of manual brachytherapy sources for the medical uses authorized under WAC 246-240-251.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-278, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-278, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-278, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-278, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-281

Training for ophthalmic use of strontium-90.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require the authorized user of strontium-90 for ophthalmic radiotherapy to be a physician who:
(1) Is an authorized user under WAC 246-240-278 or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements; or
(2)(a) Has completed twenty-four hours of classroom and laboratory training applicable to the medical use of strontium-90 for ophthalmic radiotherapy. The training must include:
(i) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(ii) Radiation protection;
(iii) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity; and
(iv) Radiation biology; and
(b) Supervised clinical training in ophthalmic radiotherapy under the supervision of an authorized user at a medical institution that includes the use of strontium-90 for the ophthalmic treatment of five individuals.
This supervised clinical training must involve:
(i) Examination of each individual to be treated;
(ii) Calculation of the dose to be administered;
(iii) Administration of the dose; and
(iv) Follow up and review of each individual's case history; and
(c) Has obtained written attestation, signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-278, 246-240-281, or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements, that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsections (1) and (2) of this section and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user of strontium-90 for ophthalmic use.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-281, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-281, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-281, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-301

Use of sealed sources for diagnosis.

A licensee shall use only sealed sources for diagnostic medical uses as approved in the sealed source and device registry.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-301, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-304

Training for use of sealed sources for diagnosis.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require the authorized user of a diagnostic sealed source for use in a device authorized under WAC 246-240-301 to be a physician, dentist, or podiatrist who:
(1) Is certified by a specialty board whose certification process includes all of the requirements in subsections (2) and (3) of this section and whose certification has been recognized by the department, NRC, or an agreement state. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.); or
(2) Has completed eight hours of classroom and laboratory training in basic radionuclide handling techniques specifically applicable to the use of the device. The training must include:
(a) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(b) Radiation protection;
(c) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity;
(d) Radiation biology; and
(3) Has completed training in the use of the device for the uses requested.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-304, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-304, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-351

Use of a sealed source in a remote afterloader unit, teletherapy unit, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit.

A licensee shall use sealed sources in photon emitting remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units for therapeutic medical uses:
(1) As approved in the sealed source and device registry; or
(2) In research in accordance with an active investigational device exemption (IDE) application accepted by the FDA provided the requirements of WAC 246-240-066(1) are met.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-351, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-354

Surveys of patients and human research subjects treated with a remote afterloader unit.

(1) Before releasing a patient or a human research subject from licensee control, a licensee shall survey the patient or the human research subject and the remote afterloader unit with a portable radiation detection survey instrument to confirm that the source(s) has been removed from the patient or human research subject and returned to the safe shielded position.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record of these surveys in accordance with WAC 246-240-593.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-354, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-357

Installation, maintenance, adjustment, and repair.

(1) Only a person specifically licensed by the department, NRC, or an agreement state shall install, maintain, adjust, or repair a remote afterloader unit, teletherapy unit, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit that involves work on the source(s) shielding, the source(s) driving unit, or other electronic or mechanical component that could expose the source(s), reduce the shielding around the source(s), or compromise the radiation safety of the unit or the source(s).
(2) Except for low dose-rate remote afterloader units, only a person specifically licensed by the department, NRC, or an agreement state shall install, replace, relocate, or remove a sealed source or source contained in other remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.
(3) For a low dose-rate remote afterloader unit, only a person specifically licensed by the department, NRC, or an agreement state or an authorized medical physicist shall install, replace, relocate, or remove a sealed source(s) contained in the unit.
(4) A licensee shall retain a record of the installation, maintenance, adjustment, and repair of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units in accordance with WAC 246-240-605.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-357, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-357, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-360

Safety procedures and instructions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee shall:
(a) Secure the unit, the console, the console keys, and the treatment room when not in use or unattended;
(b) Permit only individuals approved by the authorized user, radiation safety officer, or authorized medical physicist to be present in the treatment room during treatment with the source(s);
(c) Prevent dual operation of more than one radiation producing device in a treatment room if applicable; and
(d) Develop, implement, and maintain written procedures for responding to an abnormal situation when the operator is unable to place the source(s) in the shielded position, or remove the patient or human research subject from the radiation field with controls from outside the treatment room. These procedures must include:
(i) Instructions for responding to equipment failures and the names of the individuals responsible for implementing corrective actions;
(ii) The process for restricting access to and posting of the treatment area to minimize the risk of inadvertent exposure; and
(iii) The names and telephone numbers of the authorized users, the authorized medical physicist, and the radiation safety officer to be contacted if the unit or console operates abnormally.
(2) A copy of the procedures required by subsection (1)(d) of this section must be physically located at the unit console.
(3) A licensee shall post instructions at the unit console to inform the operator of:
(a) The location of the procedures required by subsection (1)(d) of this section; and
(b) The names and telephone numbers of the authorized users, the authorized medical physicist, and the radiation safety officer to be contacted if the unit or console operates abnormally.
(4) A licensee shall provide instruction, initially and at least annually, to all individuals who operate the unit, as appropriate to the individual's assigned duties, in:
(a) The procedures identified in subsection (1)(d) of this section; and
(b) The operating procedures for the unit.
(5) A licensee shall ensure that operators, authorized medical physicists, and authorized users participate in drills of the emergency procedures, initially and at least annually.
(6) A licensee shall retain a record of individuals receiving instruction required by subsection (4) of this section, in accordance with WAC 246-240-590.
(7) A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required by subsections (1)(d) and (4)(b) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-608.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-360, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-363

Safety precautions for remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee shall control access to the treatment room by a door at each entrance.
(2) A licensee shall equip each entrance to the treatment room with an electrical interlock system that will:
(a) Prevent the operator from initiating the treatment cycle unless each treatment room entrance door is closed;
(b) Cause the source(s) to be shielded when an entrance door is opened; and
(c) Prevent the source(s) from being exposed following an interlock interruption until all treatment room entrance doors are closed and the source(s) on-off control is reset at the console.
(3) A licensee shall require any individual entering the treatment room to assure, through the use of appropriate radiation monitors, that radiation levels have returned to ambient levels.
(4) Except for low-dose remote afterloader units, a licensee shall construct or equip each treatment room with viewing and intercom systems to permit continuous observation of the patient or the human research subject from the treatment console during irradiation.
(5) For licensed activities where sources are placed within the patient's or human research subject's body, a licensee shall only conduct treatments which allow for expeditious removal of a decoupled or jammed source.
(6) In addition to the requirements specified in subsections (1) through (5) of this section, a licensee shall:
(a) For medium dose-rate and pulsed dose-rate remote afterloader units, require:
(i) An authorized medical physicist and either an authorized user or a physician, under the supervision of an authorized user, who has been trained in the operation and emergency response for the unit to be physically present during the initiation of all patient treatments involving the unit; and
(ii) An authorized medical physicist and either an authorized user or an individual, under the supervision of an authorized user, who has been trained to remove the source applicator(s) in the event of an emergency involving the unit, to be immediately available during continuation of all patient treatments involving the unit.
(b) For high dose-rate remote afterloader units, require:
(i) An authorized user and an authorized medical physicist to be physically present during the initiation of all patient treatments involving the unit; and
(ii) An authorized medical physicist and either an authorized user or a physician, under the supervision of an authorized user, who has been trained in the operation and emergency response for the unit, to be physically present during continuation of all patient treatments involving the unit.
(c) For gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units, require an authorized user and an authorized medical physicist to be physically present throughout all patient treatments involving the unit.
(d) Notify the radiation safety officer, or their designee, and an authorized user as soon as possible if the patient or human research subject has a medical emergency or dies.
(7) A licensee shall have applicable emergency response equipment available near each treatment room to respond to a source:
(a) Remaining in the unshielded position; or
(b) Lodged within the patient following completion of the treatment.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-363, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-366

Dosimetry equipment.

(1) Except for low dose-rate remote afterloader sources where the source output or activity is determined by the manufacturer, a licensee shall have a calibrated dosimetry system available for use. To satisfy this requirement, one of the following two conditions must be met:
(a) The system must have been calibrated using a system or source traceable to the National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) and published protocols accepted by nationally recognized bodies; or by a calibration laboratory accredited by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). The calibration must have been performed within the previous two years and after any servicing that may have affected system calibration; or
(b) The system must have been calibrated within the previous four years. Eighteen to thirty months after that calibration, the system must have been intercompared with another dosimetry system that was calibrated within the past twenty-four months by NIST or by a calibration laboratory accredited by the AAPM. The results of the intercomparison must indicate that the calibration factor of the licensee's system had not changed by more than two percent. The licensee may not use the intercomparison result to change the calibration factor. When intercomparing dosimetry systems to be used for calibrating sealed sources for therapeutic units, the licensee shall use a comparable unit with beam attenuators or collimators, as applicable, and sources of the same radionuclide as the source used at the licensee's facility.
(2) The licensee shall have a dosimetry system available for use for spot-check output measurements, if applicable. To satisfy this requirement, the system may be compared with a system that has been calibrated in accordance with subsection (1) of this section. This comparison must have been performed within the previous year and after each servicing that may have affected system calibration. The spot-check system may be the same system used to meet the requirement in subsection (1) of this section.
(3) The licensee shall retain a record of each calibration, intercomparison, and comparison in accordance with WAC 246-240-611.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-366, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-369

Full calibration measurements on teletherapy units.

(1) A licensee authorized to use a teletherapy unit for medical use shall perform full calibration measurements on each teletherapy unit:
(a) Before the first medical use of the unit; and
(b) Before medical use under the following conditions:
(i) Whenever spot-check measurements indicate that the output differs by more than five percent from the output obtained at the last full calibration corrected mathematically for radioactive decay;
(ii) Following replacement of the source or following reinstallation of the teletherapy unit in a new location;
(iii) Following any repair of the teletherapy unit that includes removal of the source or major repair of the components associated with the source exposure assembly; and
(c) At intervals not exceeding one year.
(2) To satisfy the requirement of subsection (1) of this section, full calibration measurements must include determination of:
(a) The output within ±3 percent for the range of field sizes and for the distance or range of distances used for medical use;
(b) The coincidence of the radiation field and the field indicated by the light beam localizing device;
(c) The uniformity of the radiation field and its dependence on the orientation of the useful beam;
(d) Timer accuracy and linearity over the range of use;
(e) On-off error; and
(f) The accuracy of all distance measuring and localization devices in medical use.
(3) A licensee shall use the dosimetry system described in WAC 246-240-366(1) to measure the output for one set of exposure conditions. The remaining radiation measurements required in subsection (2)(a) of this section may be made using a dosimetry system that indicates relative dose rates.
(4) A licensee shall make full calibration measurements required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with published protocols accepted by nationally recognized bodies.
(5) A licensee shall mathematically correct the outputs determined in subsection (2)(a) of this section for physical decay for intervals not exceeding one month for cobalt-60, six months for cesium-137, or at intervals consistent with one percent decay for all other nuclides.
(6) Full calibration measurements required by subsection (1) of this section and physical decay corrections required by subsection (5) of this section must be performed by the authorized medical physicist.
(7) A licensee shall retain a record of each calibration in accordance with WAC 246-240-614.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-369, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-372

Full calibration measurements on remote afterloader units.

(1) A licensee authorized to use a remote afterloader unit for medical use shall perform full calibration measurements on each unit:
(a) Before the first medical use of the unit;
(b) Before medical use under the following conditions:
(i) Following replacement of the source or following reinstallation of the unit in a new location outside the facility; and
(ii) Following any repair of the unit that includes removal of the source or major repair of the components associated with the source exposure assembly; and
(c) At intervals not exceeding one calendar quarter for high dose-rate, medium dose-rate, and pulsed dose-rate remote afterloader units with sources whose half-life exceeds seventy-five days; and
(d) At intervals not exceeding one year for low dose-rate remote afterloader units.
(2) To satisfy the requirement of subsection (1) of this section, full calibration measurements must include, as applicable, determination of:
(a) The output within ±5 percent;
(b) Source positioning accuracy to within ±1 millimeter;
(c) Source retraction with backup battery upon power failure;
(d) Length of the source transfer tubes;
(e) Timer accuracy and linearity over the typical range of use;
(f) Length of the applicators; and
(g) Function of the source transfer tubes, applicators, and transfer tube-applicator interfaces.
(3) A licensee shall use the dosimetry system described in WAC 246-240-366(1) to measure the output.
(4) A licensee shall make full calibration measurements required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with published protocols accepted by nationally recognized bodies.
(5) In addition to the requirements for full calibrations for low dose-rate remote afterloader units in subsection (2) of this section, a licensee shall perform an autoradiograph of the source(s) to verify inventory and source(s) arrangement at intervals not exceeding one calendar quarter.
(6) For low dose-rate remote afterloader units, a licensee may use measurements provided by the source manufacturer that are made in accordance with subsections (1) through (5) of this section.
(7) A licensee shall mathematically correct the outputs determined in subsection (2)(a) of this section for physical decay at intervals consistent with one percent physical decay.
(8) Full calibration measurements required by subsection (1) of this section and physical decay corrections required by subsection (7) of this section must be performed by the authorized medical physicist.
(9) A licensee shall retain a record of each calibration in accordance with WAC 246-240-614.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-372, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-375

Full calibration measurements on gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee authorized to use a gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit for medical use shall perform full calibration measurements on each unit:
(a) Before the first medical use of the unit;
(b) Before medical use under the following conditions:
(i) Whenever spot-check measurements indicate that the output differs by more than five percent from the output obtained at the last full calibration corrected mathematically for radioactive decay;
(ii) Following replacement of the sources or following reinstallation of the gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit in a new location; and
(iii) Following any repair of the gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit that includes removal of the sources or major repair of the components associated with the source assembly; and
(c) At intervals not exceeding one year, with the exception that relative helmet factors need only be determined before the first medical use of a helmet and following any damage to a helmet.
(2) To satisfy the requirement of subsection (1) of this section, full calibration measurements must include determination of:
(a) The output within ±3 percent;
(b) Relative helmet factors;
(c) Isocenter coincidence;
(d) Timer accuracy and linearity over the range of use;
(e) On-off error;
(f) Trunnion centricity;
(g) Treatment table retraction mechanism, using backup battery power or hydraulic backups with the unit off;
(h) Helmet microswitches;
(i) Emergency timing circuits; and
(j) Stereotactic frames and localizing devices (trunnions).
(3) A licensee shall use the dosimetry system described in WAC 246-240-366(1) to measure the output for one set of exposure conditions. The remaining radiation measurements required in subsection (2)(a) of this section may be made using a dosimetry system that indicates relative dose rates.
(4) A licensee shall make full calibration measurements required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with published protocols accepted by nationally recognized bodies.
(5) A licensee shall mathematically correct the outputs determined in subsection (2)(a) of this section at intervals not exceeding one month for cobalt-60 and at intervals consistent with one percent physical decay for all other radionuclides.
(6) Full calibration measurements required by subsection (1) of this section and physical decay corrections required by subsection (5) of this section must be performed by the authorized medical physicist.
(7) A licensee shall retain a record of each calibration in accordance with WAC 246-240-614.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-375, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-378

Periodic spot-checks for teletherapy units.

(1) A licensee authorized to use teletherapy units for medical use shall perform output spot-checks on each teletherapy unit once in each calendar month that include determination of:
(a) Timer accuracy, and timer linearity over the range of use;
(b) On-off error;
(c) The coincidence of the radiation field and the field indicated by the light beam localizing device;
(d) The accuracy of all distance measuring and localization devices used for medical use;
(e) The output for one typical set of operating conditions measured with the dosimetry system described in WAC 246-240-366(2); and
(f) The difference between the measurement made in (e) of this subsection and the anticipated output, expressed as a percentage of the anticipated output (i.e., the value obtained at last full calibration corrected mathematically for physical decay).
(2) A licensee shall perform measurements required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with written procedures established by the authorized medical physicist. That individual need not actually perform the spot-check measurements.
(3) A licensee shall have the authorized medical physicist review the results of each spot-check within fifteen days. The authorized medical physicist shall notify the licensee as soon as possible in writing of the results of each spot-check.
(4) A licensee authorized to use a teletherapy unit for medical use shall perform safety spot-checks of each teletherapy facility once in each calendar month and after each source installation to assure proper operation of:
(a) Electrical interlocks at each teletherapy room entrance;
(b) Electrical or mechanical stops installed for the purpose of limiting use of the primary beam of radiation (restriction of source housing angulation or elevation, carriage or stand travel and operation of the beam on-off mechanism);
(c) Source exposure indicator lights on the teletherapy unit, on the control console, and in the facility;
(d) Viewing and intercom systems;
(e) Treatment room doors from inside and outside the treatment room; and
(f) Electrically assisted treatment room doors with the teletherapy unit electrical power turned off.
(5) If the results of the checks required in subsection (4) of this section indicate the malfunction of any system, a licensee shall lock the control console in the off position and not use the unit except as may be necessary to repair, replace, or check the malfunctioning system.
(6) A licensee shall retain a record of each spot-check required by subsections (1) and (4) of this section, and a copy of the procedures required by subsection (2) of this section, in accordance with WAC 246-240-617.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-378, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-381

Periodic spot-checks for remote afterloader units.

(1) A licensee authorized to use a remote afterloader unit for medical use shall perform spot-checks of each remote afterloader facility and on each unit:
(a) Before the first use of a high dose-rate, medium dose-rate, or pulsed dose-rate remote afterloader unit on a given day;
(b) Before each patient treatment with a low dose-rate remote afterloader unit; and
(c) After each source installation.
(2) A licensee shall perform the measurements required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with written procedures established by the authorized medical physicist. That individual need not actually perform the spot check measurements.
(3) A licensee shall have the authorized medical physicist review the results of each spot-check within fifteen days. The authorized medical physicist shall notify the licensee as soon as possible in writing of the results of each spot-check.
(4) To satisfy the requirements of subsection (1) of this section, spot-checks must, at a minimum, assure proper operation of:
(a) Electrical interlocks at each remote afterloader unit room entrance;
(b) Source exposure indicator lights on the remote afterloader unit, on the control console, and in the facility;
(c) Viewing and intercom systems in each high dose-rate, medium dose-rate, and pulsed dose-rate remote afterloader facility;
(d) Emergency response equipment;
(e) Radiation monitors used to indicate the source position;
(f) Timer accuracy;
(g) Clock (date and time) in the unit's computer; and
(h) Decayed source(s) activity in the unit's computer.
(5) If the results of the checks required in subsection (4) of this section indicate the malfunction of any system, a licensee shall lock the control console in the off position and not use the unit except as may be necessary to repair, replace, or check the malfunctioning system.
(6) A licensee shall retain a record of each check required by subsection (4) of this section and a copy of the procedures required by subsection (2) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-620.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-381, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-384

Periodic spot-checks for gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee authorized to use a gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit for medical use shall perform spot-checks of each gamma stereotactic radiosurgery facility and on each unit:
(a) Monthly;
(b) Before the first use of the unit on a given day; and
(c) After each source installation.
(2) A licensee shall:
(a) Perform the measurements required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with written procedures established by the authorized medical physicist. That individual need not actually perform the spot check measurements.
(b) Have the authorized medical physicist review the results of each spot-check within fifteen days. The authorized medical physicist shall notify the licensee as soon as possible in writing of the results of each spot-check.
(3) To satisfy the requirements of subsection (1)(a) of this section, spot-checks must, at a minimum:
(a) Assure proper operation of:
(i) Treatment table retraction mechanism, using backup battery power or hydraulic backups with the unit off;
(ii) Helmet microswitches;
(iii) Emergency timing circuits; and
(iv) Stereotactic frames and localizing devices (trunnions).
(b) Determine:
(i) The output for one typical set of operating conditions measured with the dosimetry system described in WAC 246-240-366(2);
(ii) The difference between the measurement made in (b)(i) of this subsection and the anticipated output, expressed as a percentage of the anticipated output (i.e., the value obtained at last full calibration corrected mathematically for physical decay);
(iii) Source output against computer calculation;
(iv) Timer accuracy and linearity over the range of use;
(v) On-off error; and
(vi) Trunnion centricity.
(4) To satisfy the requirements of subsection (1)(b) and (c) of this section, spot-checks must assure proper operation of:
(a) Electrical interlocks at each gamma stereotactic radiosurgery room entrance;
(b) Source exposure indicator lights on the gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit, on the control console, and in the facility;
(c) Viewing and intercom systems;
(d) Timer termination;
(e) Radiation monitors used to indicate room exposures; and
(f) Emergency off buttons.
(5) A licensee shall arrange for the repair of any system identified in subsection (3) of this section that is not operating properly as soon as possible.
(6) If the results of the checks required in subsection (4) of this section indicate the malfunction of any system, a licensee shall lock the control console in the off position and not use the unit except as may be necessary to repair, replace, or check the malfunctioning system.
(7) A licensee shall retain a record of each check required by subsections (3) and (4) of this section and a copy of the procedures required by subsection (2) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-623.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-384, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-387

Additional technical requirements for mobile remote afterloader units.

(1) A licensee providing mobile remote afterloader service shall:
(a) Check survey instruments before medical use at each address of use or on each day of use, whichever is more frequent; and
(b) Account for all sources before departure from a client's address of use.
(2) In addition to the periodic spot-checks required by WAC 246-240-381, a licensee authorized to use mobile afterloaders for medical use shall perform checks on each remote afterloader unit before use at each address of use. At a minimum, checks must be made to verify the operation of:
(a) Electrical interlocks on treatment area access points;
(b) Source exposure indicator lights on the remote afterloader unit, on the control console, and in the facility;
(c) Viewing and intercom systems;
(d) Applicators, source transfer tubes, and transfer tube-applicator interfaces;
(e) Radiation monitors used to indicate room exposures;
(f) Source positioning (accuracy); and
(g) Radiation monitors used to indicate whether the source has returned to a safe shielded position.
(3) In addition to the requirements for checks in subsection (2) of this section, a licensee shall ensure overall proper operation of the remote afterloader unit by conducting a simulated cycle of treatment before use at each address of use.
(4) If the results of the checks required in subsection (2) of this section indicate the malfunction of any system, a licensee shall lock the control console in the off position and not use the unit except as may be necessary to repair, replace, or check the malfunctioning system.
(5) A licensee shall retain a record of each check required by subsection (2) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-626.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-387, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-390

Radiation surveys.

(1) In addition to the survey requirement in WAC 246-221-110(1), a person licensed under this chapter shall make surveys to ensure that the maximum radiation levels and average radiation levels from the surface of the main source safe with the source(s) in the shielded position do not exceed the levels stated in the sealed source and device registry.
(2) The licensee shall make the survey required by subsection (1) of this section at installation of a new source and following repairs to the source(s) shielding, the source(s) driving unit, or other electronic or mechanical component that could expose the source, reduce the shielding around the source(s), or compromise the radiation safety of the unit or the source(s).
(3) A licensee shall retain a record of the radiation surveys required by subsection (1) of this section in accordance with WAC 246-240-629.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-390, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-393

Five-year inspection for teletherapy and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee shall have each teletherapy unit and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit fully inspected and serviced during source replacement or at intervals not to exceed five years, whichever comes first, to assure proper functioning of the source exposure mechanism.
(2) This inspection and servicing may only be performed by persons specifically licensed to do so by the department, NRC or an agreement state.
(3) A licensee shall keep a record of the inspection and servicing in accordance with WAC 246-240-632.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-393, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-393, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-396

Therapy-related computer systems.

The licensee shall perform acceptance testing on the treatment planning system of therapy-related computer systems in accordance with published protocols accepted by nationally recognized bodies. At a minimum, the acceptance testing must include, as applicable, verification of:
(1) The source-specific input parameters required by the dose calculation algorithm;
(2) The accuracy of dose, dwell time, and treatment time calculations at representative points;
(3) The accuracy of isodose plots and graphic displays;
(4) The accuracy of the software used to determine sealed source positions from radiographic images; and
(5) The accuracy of electronic transfer of the treatment delivery parameters to the treatment delivery unit from the treatment planning system.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-396, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-399

Training for use of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

Except as provided in WAC 246-240-078, the licensee shall require an authorized user of a sealed source for a use authorized under WAC 246-240-351 to be a physician who:
(1) Is certified by a medical specialty board whose certification process has been recognized by the department, NRC, or an agreement state. (Specialty boards whose certification process has been recognized by NRC or an agreement state will be posted on NRC's web page at http://www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/med-use-toolkit/spec-board-cert.html.) To be recognized, a specialty board shall require all candidates for certification to:
(a) Successfully complete a minimum of three years of residency training in a radiation therapy program approved by the Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or the Committee on Postgraduate Training of the American Osteopathic Association; and
(b) Pass an examination, administered by diplomates of the specialty board, which tests knowledge and competence in radiation safety, radionuclide handling, treatment planning, quality assurance, and clinical use of stereotactic radiosurgery, high and low dose-rate brachytherapy, and external beam therapy; or
(2)(a) Has completed a structured educational program in basic radionuclide techniques applicable to the use of a sealed source in a therapeutic medical unit that includes:
(i) Two hundred hours of classroom and laboratory training in the following areas:
(A) Radiation physics and instrumentation;
(B) Radiation protection;
(C) Mathematics pertaining to the use and measurement of radioactivity; and
(D) Radiation biology; and
(ii) Five hundred hours of work experience, under the supervision of an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-399 or equivalent agreement state or NRC requirements at a medical institution, involving:
(A) Reviewing full calibration measurements and periodic spot-checks;
(B) Preparing treatment plans and calculating treatment doses and times;
(C) Using administrative controls to prevent a medical event involving the use of radioactive material;
(D) Implementing emergency procedures to be followed in the event of the abnormal operation of the medical unit or console;
(E) Checking and using survey meters; and
(F) Selecting the proper dose and how it is to be administered; and
(b) Has completed three years of supervised clinical experience in radiation therapy, under an authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-399 or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements, as part of a formal training program approved by the Residency Review Committee for Radiation Oncology of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or the Committee on Postdoctoral Training of the American Osteopathic Association. This experience may be obtained concurrently with the supervised work experience required by (a)(ii) of this subsection; and
(c) Has obtained written attestation that the individual has satisfactorily completed the requirements in subsection (1)(a) of this section, or (a) and (b), and (d) of this subsection and has achieved a level of competency sufficient to function independently as an authorized user of each type of therapeutic medical unit for which the individual is requesting authorized user status. The written attestation must be signed by a preceptor authorized user who meets the requirements in WAC 246-240-078, 246-240-399 or equivalent NRC or agreement state requirements for an authorized user for each type of therapeutic medical unit for which the individual is requesting authorized user status; and
(d) Has received training in device operation, safety procedures, and clinical use for the type(s) of use for which authorization is sought. This training requirement may be satisfied by satisfactory completion of a training program provided by the vendor for new users or by receiving training supervised by an authorized user or authorized medical physicist, as appropriate, who is authorized for the type(s) of use for which the individual is seeking authorization.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-399, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13; WSR 11-03-068, § 246-240-399, filed 1/18/11, effective 2/18/11; WSR 07-14-131, § 246-240-399, filed 7/3/07, effective 8/3/07; WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-399, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-501

Other medical uses of radioactive material or radiation from radioactive material.

A licensee may use radioactive material or a radiation source approved for medical use which is not specifically addressed in WAC 246-240-251 through 246-240-399 (inclusive) if:
(1) The applicant or licensee has submitted the information required by WAC 246-240-019; and
(2) The applicant or licensee has received written approval from the department in a license or license amendment and uses the material in accordance with the regulations and specific conditions the department considers necessary for the medical use of the material.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-501, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-551

Records of authority and responsibilities for radiation protection programs.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of actions taken by the licensee's management in accordance with WAC 246-240-051(1) for five years. The record must include a summary of the actions taken and a signature of licensee management.
(2) The licensee shall retain a copy of both authority, duties, and responsibilities of the radiation safety officer as required by WAC 246-240-051(5), and a signed copy of each radiation safety officer's agreement to be responsible for implementing the radiation safety program, as required by WAC 246-240-051(2), for the duration of the license. The records must include the signature of the radiation safety officer and licensee management.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-551, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-554

Records of radiation protection program changes.

A licensee shall retain a record of each radiation protection program change made in accordance with WAC 246-240-054(1) for five years. The record must include a copy of the old and new procedures; the effective date of the change; and the signature of the licensee management that reviewed and approved the change.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-554, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-557

Records of written directives.

A licensee shall retain a copy of each written directive as required by WAC 246-240-060 for three years.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-557, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-560

Records for procedures for administrations requiring a written directive.

A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required by WAC 246-240-063(1) for the duration of the license.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-560, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-563

Records of calibrations of instruments used to measure the activity of unsealed radioactive material.

A licensee shall maintain a record of instrument calibrations required by WAC 246-240-101 for three years. The records must include the model and serial number of the instrument, the date of the calibration, the results of the calibration, and the name of the individual who performed the calibration.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-563, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-566

Records of radiation survey instrument calibrations.

A licensee shall maintain a record of radiation survey instrument calibrations required by WAC 246-240-104 for three years. The record must include the model and serial number of the instrument, the date of the calibration, the results of the calibration, and the name of the individual who performed the calibration.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-566, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-569

Records of dosages of unsealed radioactive material for medical use.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of dosage determinations required by WAC 246-240-107 for three years.
(2) The record must contain:
(a) The radiopharmaceutical;
(b) The patient's or human research subject's name, or identification number if one has been assigned;
(c) The prescribed dosage, the determined dosage, or a notation that the total activity is less than 1.1 megabecquerels (30 microcuries);
(d) The date and time of the dosage determination; and
(e) The name of the individual who determined the dosage.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-569, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-569, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-572

Records of leak tests and inventory of sealed sources and brachytherapy sources.

(1) A licensee shall retain records of leak tests required by WAC 246-240-113 for three years. The records must include the model number, and serial number if one has been assigned, of each source tested; the identity of each source by radionuclide and its estimated activity; the results of the test; the date of the test; and the name of the individual who performed the test.
(2) A licensee shall retain records of the semiannual physical inventory of sealed sources and brachytherapy sources required by WAC 246-240-113 for three years. The inventory records must contain the model number of each source, and serial number if one has been assigned, the identity of each source by radionuclide and its nominal activity, the location of each source, and the name of the individual who performed the inventory.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-572, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-575

Records of surveys for ambient radiation exposure rate.

A licensee shall retain a record of each survey required by WAC 246-240-119 for three years. The record must include the date of the survey, the results of the survey, the instrument used to make the survey, and the name of the individual who performed the survey.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-575, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-578

Records of the release of individuals containing unsealed radioactive material or implants containing radioactive material.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of the basis for authorizing the release of an individual in accordance with WAC 246-240-122, if the total effective dose equivalent is calculated by:
(a) Using the retained activity rather than the activity administered;
(b) Using an occupancy factor less than 0.25 at 1 meter;
(c) Using the biological or effective half-life; or
(d) Considering the shielding by tissue.
(2) A licensee shall retain a record that the instructions required by WAC 246-240-122(2) were provided to a breast-feeding female if the radiation dose to the infant or child from continued breast-feeding could result in a total effective dose equivalent exceeding 5 mSv (0.5 rem).
(3) The records required by subsections (1) and (2) of this section must be retained for three years after the date of release of the individual.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-578, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-581

Records of mobile medical services.

(1) A licensee shall retain a copy of each letter that permits the use of radioactive material at a client's address, as required by WAC 246-240-125. Each letter must clearly delineate the authority and responsibility of the licensee and the client and must be retained for three years after the last provision of service.
(2) A licensee shall retain the record of each survey required by WAC 246-240-125 (1)(d) for three years. The record must include the date of the survey, the results of the survey, the instrument used to make the survey, and the name of the individual who performed the survey.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-581, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-584

Records of decay-in-storage.

A licensee shall maintain records of the disposal of licensed materials, as required by WAC 246-240-128, for three years. The record must include the date of the disposal, the survey instrument used, the background radiation level, the radiation level measured at the surface of each waste container, and the name of the individual who performed the survey.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-584, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-587

Records of molybdenum-99, strontium-82, and strontium-85 concentrations.

A licensee shall maintain a record of the molybdenum-99, strontium-82, or strontium-85 concentration tests required by WAC 246-240-160(2) for three years.
(1) The record must include, for each measured elution of technetium-99m, the ratio of the measures expressed as kilobecquerels of molybdenum-99 per megabecquerel of technetium-99m (or microcuries of molybdenum per millicurie of technetium), the time and date of the measurement, and the name of the individual who made the measurement.
(2) For each measured elution of rubidium-82, the ratio of the measures expressed as kilobecquerels of strontium-82 per megabecquerel of rubidium-82 (or microcuries of strontium-82 per millicurie of rubidium), or kilobecquerels of strontium-85 per megabecquerel of rubidium-82 (or microcuries of strontium-85 per millicurie of rubidium), the time and date of the measurement, and the name of the individual who made the measurement.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 13-11-021, § 246-240-587, filed 5/7/13, effective 6/7/13. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-587, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-587, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-590

Records of safety instruction.

A licensee shall maintain a record of safety instructions required by WAC 246-240-204, 246-240-263, and 246-240-360 for three years. The record must include a list of the topics covered, the date of the instruction, the name(s) of the attendee(s), and the name(s) of the individual(s) who provided the instruction.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-590, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-593

Records of surveys after source implant and removal.

A licensee shall maintain a record of the surveys required by WAC 246-240-354 and 246-240-593 for three years. Each record must include the date and results of the survey, the survey instrument used, and the name of the individual who made the survey.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-593, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-596

Records of brachytherapy source accountability.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of brachytherapy source accountability required by WAC 246-240-260 for three years.
(2) For temporary implants, the record must include:
(a) The number and activity of sources removed from storage, the time and date they were removed from storage, the name of the individual who removed them from storage, and the location of use; and
(b) The number and activity of sources returned to storage, the time and date they were returned to storage, and the name of the individual who returned them to storage.
(3) For permanent implants, the record must include:
(a) The number and activity of sources removed from storage, the date they were removed from storage, and the name of the individual who removed them from storage;
(b) The number and activity of sources not implanted, the date they were returned to storage, and the name of the individual who returned them to storage; and
(c) The number and activity of sources permanently implanted in the patient or human research subject.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-596, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-599

Records of calibration measurements of brachytherapy sources.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of the calibrations of brachytherapy sources required by WAC 246-240-269 for three years after the last use of the source.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date of the calibration;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number, and serial number for the source and the instruments used to calibrate the source;
(c) The source output or activity;
(d) The source positioning accuracy within the applicators; and
(e) The name of the individual, the source manufacturer, or the calibration laboratory that performed the calibration.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-599, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-602

Records of decay of strontium-90 sources for ophthalmic treatments.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of the activity of a strontium-90 source required by WAC 246-240-272 for the life of the source.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date and initial activity of the source as determined under WAC 246-240-269; and
(b) For each decay calculation, the date and the source activity as determined under WAC 246-240-272.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-602, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-605

Records of installation, maintenance, adjustment, and repair of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

A licensee shall retain a record of the installation, maintenance, adjustment, and repair of remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units as required by WAC 246-240-357 for three years. For each installation, maintenance, adjustment and repair, the record must include the date, description of the service, and name(s) of the individual(s) who performed the work.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-605, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-608

Records of safety procedures.

A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required by WAC 246-240-360 (1)(d) and (4)(b) until the licensee no longer possesses the remote afterloader, teletherapy unit, or gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-608, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-611

Records of dosimetry equipment used with remote afterloader units, teletherapy units, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of the calibration, intercomparison, and comparisons of its dosimetry equipment done in accordance with WAC 246-240-366 for the duration of the license.
(2) For each calibration, intercomparison, or comparison, the record must include:
(a) The date;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model numbers and serial numbers of the instruments that were calibrated, intercompared, or compared as required by WAC 246-240-366;
(c) The correction factor that was determined from the calibration or comparison or the apparent correction factor that was determined from an intercomparison; and
(d) The names of the individuals who performed the calibration, intercomparison, or comparison.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-611, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-614

Records of teletherapy, remote afterloader, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery full calibrations.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of the teletherapy unit, remote afterloader unit, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit full calibrations required by WAC 246-240-369, 246-240-372, and 246-240-375 for three years.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date of the calibration;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number, and serial number of the teletherapy, remote afterloader, and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit(s), the source(s), and the instruments used to calibrate the unit(s);
(c) The results and an assessment of the full calibrations;
(d) The results of the autoradiograph required for low dose-rate remote afterloader units; and
(e) The signature of the authorized medical physicist who performed the full calibration.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-614, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-617

Records of periodic spot-checks for teletherapy units.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of each periodic spot-check for teletherapy units required by WAC 246-240-378 for three years.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date of the spot-check;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number, and serial number of the teletherapy unit, source and instrument used to measure the output of the teletherapy unit;
(c) An assessment of timer linearity and constancy;
(d) The calculated on-off error;
(e) A determination of the coincidence of the radiation field and the field indicated by the light beam localizing device;
(f) The determined accuracy of each distance measuring and localization device;
(g) The difference between the anticipated output and the measured output;
(h) Notations indicating the operability of each entrance door electrical interlock, each electrical or mechanical stop, each source exposure indicator light, and the viewing and intercom system and doors; and
(i) The name of the individual who performed the periodic spot-check and the signature of the authorized medical physicist who reviewed the record of the spot-check.
(3) A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required by WAC 246-240-378(2) until the licensee no longer possesses the teletherapy unit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-617, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-620

Records of periodic spot-checks for remote afterloader units.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of each spot-check for remote afterloader units required by WAC 246-240-381 for three years.
(2) The record must include, as applicable:
(a) The date of the spot-check;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number, and serial number for the remote afterloader unit and source;
(c) An assessment of timer accuracy;
(d) Notations indicating the operability of each entrance door electrical interlock, radiation monitors, source exposure indicator lights, viewing and intercom systems, and clock and decayed source activity in the unit's computer; and
(e) The name of the individual who performed the periodic spot-check and the signature of the authorized medical physicist who reviewed the record of the spot-check.
(3) A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required by WAC 246-240-381(2) until the licensee no longer possesses the remote afterloader unit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-620, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-623

Records of periodic spot-checks for gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of each spot-check for gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units required by WAC 246-240-384 for three years.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date of the spot-check;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number, and serial number for the gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit and the instrument used to measure the output of the unit;
(c) An assessment of timer linearity and accuracy;
(d) The calculated on-off error;
(e) A determination of trunnion centricity;
(f) The difference between the anticipated output and the measured output;
(g) An assessment of source output against computer calculations;
(h) Notations indicating the operability of radiation monitors, helmet microswitches, emergency timing circuits, emergency off buttons, electrical interlocks, source exposure indicator lights, viewing and intercom systems, timer termination, treatment table retraction mechanism, and stereotactic frames and localizing devices (trunnions); and
(i) The name of the individual who performed the periodic spot-check and the signature of the authorized medical physicist who reviewed the record of the spot-check.
(3) A licensee shall retain a copy of the procedures required by WAC 246-240-384(2) until the licensee no longer possesses the gamma stereotactic radiosurgery unit.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-623, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-626

Records of additional technical requirements for mobile remote afterloader units.

(1) A licensee shall retain a record of each check for mobile remote afterloader units required by WAC 246-240-387 for three years.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date of the check;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number, and serial number of the remote afterloader unit;
(c) Notations accounting for all sources before the licensee departs from a facility;
(d) Notations indicating the operability of each entrance door electrical interlock, radiation monitors, source exposure indicator lights, viewing and intercom system, applicators, source transfer tubes, and transfer tube applicator interfaces, and source positioning accuracy; and
(e) The signature of the individual who performed the check.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-626, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-629

Records of surveys of therapeutic treatment units.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of radiation surveys of treatment units made in accordance with WAC 246-240-390 for the duration of use of the unit.
(2) The record must include:
(a) The date of the measurements;
(b) The manufacturer's name, model number and serial number of the treatment unit, source, and instrument used to measure radiation levels;
(c) Each dose rate measured around the source while the unit is in the off position and the average of all measurements; and
(d) The signature of the individual who performed the test.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-629, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-632

Records of five-year inspection for teletherapy and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units.

(1) A licensee shall maintain a record of the five-year inspections for teletherapy and gamma stereotactic radiosurgery units required by WAC 246-240-393 for the duration of use of the unit.
(2) The record must contain:
(a) The inspector's radioactive materials license number;
(b) The date of inspection;
(c) The manufacturer's name and model number and serial number of both the treatment unit and source;
(d) A list of components inspected and serviced, and the type of service; and
(e) The signature of the inspector.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-632, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-651

Report and notification of a medical event.

(1) A licensee shall report any event, except for an event that results from patient intervention, in which the administration of radioactive material or radiation from radioactive material results in:
(a) A dose that differs from the prescribed dose or dose that would have resulted from the prescribed dosage by more than 0.05 Sv (5 rem) effective dose equivalent, 0.5 Sv (50 rem) to an organ or tissue, or 0.5 Sv (50 rem) shallow dose equivalent to the skin; and
(i) The total dose delivered differs from the prescribed dose by twenty percent or more;
(ii) The total dosage delivered differs from the prescribed dosage by twenty percent or more or falls outside the prescribed dosage range; or
(iii) The fractionated dose delivered differs from the prescribed dose, for a single fraction, by fifty percent or more.
(b) A dose that exceeds 0.05 Sv (5 rem) effective dose equivalent, 0.5 Sv (50 rem) to an organ or tissue, or 0.5 Sv (50 rem) shallow dose equivalent to the skin from any of the following:
(i) An administration of a wrong radioactive drug containing radioactive material;
(ii) An administration of a radioactive drug containing radioactive material by the wrong route of administration;
(iii) An administration of a dose or dosage to the wrong individual or human research subject;
(iv) An administration of a dose or dosage delivered by the wrong mode of treatment; or
(v) A leaking sealed source.
(c) A dose to the skin or an organ or tissue other than the treatment site that exceeds by 0.5 Sv (50 rem) to an organ or tissue and fifty percent or more of the dose expected from the administration defined in the written directive (excluding, for permanent implants, seeds that were implanted in the correct site but migrated outside the treatment site).
(2) A licensee shall report any event resulting from intervention of a patient or human research subject in which the administration of radioactive material or radiation from radioactive material results or will result in unintended permanent functional damage to an organ or a physiological system, as determined by a physician.
(3) The licensee shall notify by telephone ( 360-236-3300) the department no later than the next calendar day after discovery of the medical event.
(4) By an appropriate method listed in WAC 246-221-250, the licensee shall submit a written report to the department at P.O. Box 47827, Olympia WA 98504-7827 within fifteen days after discovery of the medical event.
(a) The written report must include:
(i) The licensee's name;
(ii) The name of the prescribing physician;
(iii) A brief description of the event;
(iv) Why the event occurred;
(v) The effect, if any, on the individual(s) who received the administration;
(vi) What actions, if any, have been taken or are planned to prevent recurrence; and
(vii) Certification that the licensee notified the individual (or the individual's responsible relative or guardian), and if not, why not.
(b) The report may not contain the individual's name or any other information that could lead to identification of the individual.
(5) The licensee shall provide notification of the event to the referring physician and also notify the individual who is the subject of the medical event no later than twenty-four hours after its discovery, unless the referring physician personally informs the licensee either that they will inform the individual or that, based on medical judgment, telling the individual would be harmful. The licensee is not required to notify the individual without first consulting the referring physician. If the referring physician or the affected individual cannot be reached within twenty-four hours, the licensee shall notify the individual as soon as possible thereafter. The licensee may not delay any appropriate medical care for the individual, including any necessary remedial care as a result of the medical event, because of any delay in notification. To meet the requirements of this section, the notification of the individual who is the subject of the medical event may be made instead to that individual's responsible relative or guardian. If a verbal notification is made, the licensee shall inform the individual, or appropriate responsible relative or guardian, that a written description of the event can be obtained from the licensee upon request. The licensee shall provide a written description if requested.
(6) Aside from the notification requirement, nothing in this section affects any rights or duties of licensees and physicians in relation to each other, to individuals affected by the medical event, or to that individual's responsible relatives or guardians.
(7) A licensee shall:
(a) Annotate a copy of the report provided to the department with the:
(i) Name of the individual who is the subject of the event; and
(ii) Social Security number or other identification number, if one has been assigned, of the individual who is the subject of the event; and
(b) Provide a copy of the annotated report to the referring physician, if other than the licensee, no later than fifteen days after the discovery of the event.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-651, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-654

Report and notification of a dose to an embryo/fetus or a nursing child.

(1) A licensee shall report to the department at P.O. Box 47827, Olympia WA 98504-7827, (phone 360-236-3300), any dose to an embryo/fetus that is greater than 50 mSv (5 rem) dose equivalent that is a result of an administration of radioactive material or radiation from radioactive material to a pregnant individual unless the dose to the embryo/fetus was specifically approved, in advance, by the authorized user.
(2) A licensee shall report any dose to a nursing child that is a result of an administration of radioactive material to a breast-feeding individual that:
(a) Is greater than 50 mSv (5 rem) total effective dose equivalent; or
(b) Has resulted in unintended permanent functional damage to an organ or a physiological system of the child, as determined by a physician.
(3) The licensee shall notify by telephone the department no later than the next calendar day after discovery of a dose to the embryo/fetus or nursing child that requires a report in subsection (1) or (2) of this section.
(4) By an appropriate method listed in WAC 246-221-250, the licensee shall submit a written report to the department within fifteen days after discovery of a dose to the embryo/fetus or nursing child that requires a report in subsection (1) or (2) of this section.
(a) The written report must include:
(i) The licensee's name;
(ii) The name of the prescribing physician;
(iii) A brief description of the event;
(iv) Why the event occurred;
(v) The effect, if any, on the embryo/fetus or the nursing child;
(vi) What actions, if any, have been taken or are planned to prevent recurrence; and
(vii) Certification that the licensee notified the pregnant individual or mother (or the mother's or child's responsible relative or guardian), and if not, why not.
(b) The report must not contain the individual's or child's name or any other information that could lead to identification of the individual or child.
(5) The licensee shall provide notification of the event to the referring physician and also notify the pregnant individual or mother, both hereafter referred to as the mother, no later than twenty-four hours after discovery of an event that would require reporting under subsection (1) or (2) of this section, unless the referring physician personally informs the licensee either that they will inform the mother or that, based on medical judgment, telling the mother would be harmful. The licensee is not required to notify the mother without first consulting with the referring physician. If the referring physician or mother cannot be reached within twenty-four hours, the licensee shall make the appropriate notifications as soon as possible thereafter. The licensee may not delay any appropriate medical care for the embryo/fetus or for the nursing child, including any necessary remedial care as a result of the event, because of any delay in notification. To meet the requirements of this subsection, the notification may be made to the mother's or child's responsible relative or guardian instead of the mother. If a verbal notification is made, the licensee shall inform the mother, or the mother's or child's responsible relative or guardian, that a written description of the event can be obtained from the licensee upon request. The licensee shall provide a written description if requested.
(6) A licensee shall:
(a) Annotate a copy of the report provided to the department with the:
(i) Name of the pregnant individual or the nursing child who is the subject of the event; and
(ii) Social Security number or other identification number, if one has been assigned, of the pregnant individual or the nursing child who is the subject of the event; and
(b) Provide a copy of the annotated report to the referring physician, if other than the licensee, no later than fifteen days after the discovery of the event.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-654, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]



PDF246-240-657

Report of a leaking source.

A licensee shall file a report within five days if a leak test required by WAC 246-240-113 reveals the presence of 185 becquerels (0.005 microcuries) or more of removable contamination. The report must be filed with the department, and sent to the department at P.O. Box 47827, Olympia WA 98504-7827, (phone 360-236-3300). The written report must include the model number and serial number if assigned, of the leaking source; the radionuclide and its estimated activity; the results of the test; the date of the test; and the action taken.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050 and 70.98.080. WSR 09-06-003, § 246-240-657, filed 2/18/09, effective 3/21/09. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.98.050. WSR 06-05-019, § 246-240-657, filed 2/6/06, effective 3/9/06.]