82.14.300  <<  82.14.310 >>   82.14.320

County criminal justice assistance accountTransfers from general fundDistributions based on crime rate and populationLimitations.

(1) The county criminal justice assistance account is created in the state treasury. Beginning in fiscal year 2000, the state treasurer must transfer into the county criminal justice assistance account from the general fund the sum of $23,200,000 divided into four equal deposits occurring on July 1, October 1, January 1, and April 1. For each fiscal year thereafter, the state treasurer must increase the total transfer by the fiscal growth factor, as defined in RCW 43.135.025, forecast for that fiscal year by the office of financial management in November of the preceding year.
(2) The moneys deposited in the county criminal justice assistance account for distribution under this section, less any moneys appropriated for purposes under subsections (4) and (5) of this section, must be distributed at such times as distributions are made under *RCW 82.44.150 and on the relative basis of each county's funding factor as determined under this subsection.
(a) A county's funding factor is the sum of:
(i) The population of the county, divided by 1,000, and multiplied by two-tenths;
(ii) The crime rate of the county, multiplied by three-tenths; and
(iii) The annual number of criminal cases filed in the county superior court, for each 1,000 in population, multiplied by five-tenths.
(b) Under this section and RCW 82.14.320 and 82.14.330:
(i) The population of the county or city is as last determined by the office of financial management;
(ii) The crime rate of the county or city is the annual occurrence of specified criminal offenses, as calculated in the most recent annual report on crime in Washington state as published by the Washington association of sheriffs and police chiefs, for each 1,000 in population;
(iii) The annual number of criminal cases filed in the county superior court must be determined by the most recent annual report of the courts of Washington, as published by the administrative office of the courts;
(iv) Distributions and eligibility for distributions in the 1989-1991 biennium must be based on 1988 figures for both the crime rate as described under [(b)](ii) of this subsection and the annual number of criminal cases that are filed as described under [(b)](iii) of this subsection. Future distributions must be based on the most recent figures for both the crime rate as described under [(b)](ii) of this subsection and the annual number of criminal cases that are filed as described under [(b)](iii) of this subsection.
(3) Moneys distributed under this section must be expended exclusively for criminal justice purposes. Except after May 13, 2021, through December 31, 2023, these funds may not be used to replace or supplant existing funding. Criminal justice purposes are defined as activities that substantially assist the criminal justice system, which may include circumstances where ancillary benefit to the civil or juvenile justice system occurs, and which includes (a) domestic violence services such as those provided by domestic violence programs, community advocates, and legal advocates, as defined in RCW 70.123.020, and (b) during the 2001-2003 fiscal biennium, juvenile dispositional hearings relating to petitions for at-risk youth, truancy, and children in need of services. Existing funding for purposes of this subsection is defined as calendar year 1989 actual operating expenditures for criminal justice purposes. Calendar year 1989 actual operating expenditures for criminal justice purposes exclude the following: Expenditures for extraordinary events not likely to reoccur, changes in contract provisions for criminal justice services, beyond the control of the local jurisdiction receiving the services, and major nonrecurring capital expenditures.
(4) Not more than five percent of the funds deposited to the county criminal justice assistance account may be available for appropriations for enhancements to the state patrol crime laboratory system and the continuing costs related to these enhancements. Funds appropriated from this account for such enhancements may not supplant existing funds from the state general fund.
(5) During the 2017-2019 fiscal biennium, the sum of $153,000, and during the 2019-2021 and 2021-2023 fiscal biennia, the sum of $510,000, may be appropriated for the Washington state patrol to provide investigative assistance and report services to assist local law enforcement agencies to prosecute criminals. It is the intent of the legislature that this policy will be continued in subsequent fiscal biennia.

NOTES:

Reviser's note: *(1) RCW 82.44.150 was repealed by 2003 c 1 § 5 (Initiative Measure No. 776, approved November 5, 2002).
(2) This section was amended by 2021 c 296 § 2 and by 2021 c 334 § 999, each without reference to the other. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1.12.025(2). For rule of construction, see RCW 1.12.025(1).
Conflict with federal requirementsEffective date2021 c 334: See notes following RCW 43.79.555.
FindingIntent2021 c 296: "The legislature finds that the COVID-19 pandemic, as recognized by emergency proclamations issued by the governor, has resulted in an unprecedented drop in local government revenues. The legislature intends to provide local governments with increased flexibility in the use of existing revenues in order to enable local governments to continue to provide essential services and to facilitate economic recovery through December 31, 2023." [ 2021 c 296 § 1.]
Effective date2021 c 296: "Except for section 9 of this act, this act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [May 13, 2021]." [ 2021 c 296 § 19.]
Effective date2019 c 415: See note following RCW 28B.20.476.
Effective dates2013 2nd sp.s. c 4: See note following RCW 2.68.020.
Effective dates2011 1st sp.s. c 50: See note following RCW 15.76.115.
SeverabilityEffective date2001 2nd sp.s. c 7: See notes following RCW 43.320.110.
SeverabilityEffective date1999 c 309: See notes following RCW 41.06.152.
PurposeSeverability1998 c 321: See notes following RCW 82.14.045.
Effective datesApplication1998 c 321 §§ 1-21, 44, and 45: See note following RCW 82.14.045.
Referral to electorate1998 c 321 §§ 1-21 and 44-46: See note following RCW 82.14.045.
Effective dates1993 sp.s. c 21: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, 1993, except for section 4 of this act, which shall take effect immediately [May 28, 1993], and sections 1 through 3, 5, and 7 of this act, which shall take effect January 1, 1994." [ 1993 sp.s. c 21 § 10.]
Severability1991 c 311: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [ 1991 c 311 § 8.]
Effective dates1990 2nd ex.s. c 1: See note following RCW 84.52.010.
Severability1990 2nd ex.s. c 1: See note following RCW 82.14.300.
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