Chapter 42.45 RCW

REVISED UNIFORM LAW ON NOTARIAL ACTS

Sections

42.45.010Definitions.
42.45.020Authority to perform notarial act.
42.45.030Certain notarial actsRequirements.
42.45.040Personal appearance.
42.45.050Identification of individual.
42.45.060Refusal to perform notarial act.
42.45.070Individual unable to signSignature.
42.45.080Notarial act in this state.
42.45.090Notarial act in another stateEffect in this state.
42.45.100Notarial act under authority of federally recognized Indian tribe.
42.45.110Notarial act under federal authority.
42.45.120Foreign notarial act.
42.45.130Certificate of notarial act.
42.45.140Short form certificates.
42.45.150Official stamp.
42.45.160Stamping deviceSecurity.
42.45.170Fees.
42.45.180Journal.
42.45.190Notarial acts on electronic recordsTechnologyNotificationStandards.
42.45.200CommissionQualificationsOathSurety bondCommission termElectronic records notary public.
42.45.210Grounds to deny, refuse to renew, revoke, suspend, or condition commission of notary public.
42.45.220Database of notaries public.
42.45.230Prohibited acts.
42.45.240Validity of notarial acts.
42.45.250Rules.
42.45.260Commissions in effect July 1, 2018Continuation.
42.45.270Uniform regulation of business and professions actApplication.
42.45.900Short title.
42.45.901Application.
42.45.902Savings.
42.45.903ApplicationConstruction.
42.45.904Relation to electronic signatures in global and national commerce act.
42.45.905Effective date2017 c 281.


42.45.010
Definitions.

In this chapter:
(1) "Acknowledgment" means a declaration by an individual in the presence of a notarial officer stating that the individual has signed a record of the individual's free will for the purpose stated in the record and, if the record is signed in a representative capacity, the individual also declares that he or she signed the record with proper authority and signed it as the act of the individual or entity identified in the record.
(2) "Department" means the department of licensing.
(3) "Director" means the director of licensing or the director's designee.
(4) "Electronic" means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.
(5) "Electronic records notary public" means an individual commissioned by the director to perform a notarial act with respect to electronic records. Nothing in chapter 281, Laws of 2017 authorizes an electronic records notary public to provide court reporting services.
(6) "Electronic signature" means an electronic symbol, sound, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by an individual with the intent to sign the record.
(7) "In a representative capacity" means acting as:
(a) An authorized officer, agent, partner, trustee, or other representative for a person other than an individual;
(b) A public officer, personal representative, guardian, or other representative, in the capacity stated in a record;
(c) An agent or attorney-in-fact for a principal; or
(d) An authorized representative of another in any other capacity.
(8) "Notarial act" means an act, whether performed with respect to a tangible or electronic record, that a notarial officer may perform under the law of this state. The term includes taking an acknowledgment, administering an oath or affirmation, taking a verification on oath or affirmation, witnessing or attesting a signature, certifying or attesting a copy, certifying the occurrence of an event or the performance of an act, and noting a protest of a negotiable instrument if the protest was prepared under the authority of an attorney licensed to practice law in this state or another state, or was prepared under the authority of a financial institution that is regulated by this state, another state, or the federal government.
(9) "Notarial officer" means a notary public or other individual authorized to perform a notarial act.
(10) "Notary public" means an individual commissioned to perform a notarial act by the director.
(11) "Official stamp" means a physical image affixed to or embossed on a tangible record or an electronic image attached to or logically associated with an electronic record.
(12) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, statutory trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.
(13) "Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in human perceivable form.
(14) "Sign" means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record:
(a) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or
(b) To attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic symbol, sound, or process.
(15) "Signature" means a tangible symbol or an electronic signature that evidences the signing of a record.
(16) "Stamping device" means:
(a) A physical device capable of affixing to or embossing on a tangible record an official stamp; or
(b) An electronic device or process capable of attaching to or logically associating with an electronic record an official stamp.
(17) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(18) "Verification on oath or affirmation" means a declaration, made by an individual on oath or affirmation before a notarial officer, that a statement in a record is true.



42.45.020
Authority to perform notarial act.

*** CHANGE IN 2019 *** (SEE 5641.SL) ***
(1) A notarial officer may perform a notarial act authorized by this chapter or by law of this state other than this chapter.
(2)(a) A notarial officer may not perform a notarial act with respect to a record to which the officer or the officer's spouse or domestic partner is a party, or in which any of the above have a direct beneficial interest.
(b) A notarial officer may not notarize the notarial officer's own signature.
(c) A notarial act performed in violation of this subsection (2) is voidable.



42.45.030
Certain notarial acts—Requirements.

(1) A notarial officer who takes an acknowledgment of a record shall determine, from personal knowledge or satisfactory evidence of the identity of the individual, that the individual appearing before the officer and making the acknowledgment has the identity claimed and that the signature on the record is the signature of the individual.
(2) A notarial officer who takes a verification of a statement on oath or affirmation shall determine, from personal knowledge or satisfactory evidence of the identity of the individual, that the individual appearing before the officer and making the verification has the identity claimed and that the signature on the statement verified is the signature of the individual.
(3) A notarial officer who witnesses or attests to a signature shall determine, from personal knowledge or satisfactory evidence of the identity of the individual, that the individual appearing before the officer and signing the record has the identity claimed.
(4) A notarial officer who certifies or attests a copy of a record or an item that was copied shall compare the copy with the original record or item and determine that the copy is a full, true, and accurate transcription or reproduction of the record or item.
(5) A notarial officer may make or note a protest of a negotiable instrument only if the notarial officer is licensed to practice law in this state, acting under the authority of an attorney who is licensed to practice law in this or another state, or acting under the authority of a financial institution regulated by this state, another state, or the federal government. In making or noting a protest of a negotiable instrument the notarial officer or licensed attorney shall determine the matters set forth in RCW 62A.3-505(b).



42.45.040
Personal appearance.

*** CHANGE IN 2019 *** (SEE 5641.SL) ***
If a notarial act relates to a statement made in or a signature executed on a record, the individual making the statement or executing the signature shall appear personally before the notarial officer.



42.45.050
Identification of individual.

(1) A notarial officer has personal knowledge of the identity of an individual appearing before the officer if the individual is personally known to the officer through dealings sufficient to provide reasonable certainty that the individual has the identity claimed.
(2) A notarial officer has satisfactory evidence of the identity of an individual appearing before the officer if the officer can identify the individual:
(a) By means of:
(i) A passport, driver's license, or government-issued nondriver identification card, which is current or expired not more than three years before performance of the notarial act; or
(ii) Another form of government identification issued to an individual, which is current or expired not more than three years before performance of the notarial act, contains the signature or a photograph of the individual, and is satisfactory to the officer; or
(b) By a verification on oath or affirmation of a credible witness personally appearing before the officer and personally known to the officer and who provides satisfactory evidence of his or her identity as described in (a) of this subsection.
(3) A notarial officer may require an individual to provide additional information or identification credentials necessary to assure the officer of the identity of the individual.



42.45.060
Refusal to perform notarial act.

(1) A notarial officer has the authority to refuse to perform a notarial act if the officer is not satisfied that:
(a) The individual executing the record is competent or has the capacity to execute the record; or
(b) The individual's signature is knowingly and voluntarily made.
(2) A notarial officer has the authority to refuse to perform a notarial act unless refusal is prohibited by law other than this chapter.



42.45.070
Individual unable to sign—Signature.

Except as otherwise provided in RCW 64.08.100, if an individual is physically unable to sign a record, the individual may direct an individual other than the notarial officer to sign the individual's name on the record. The notarial officer shall insert "signature affixed by (name of other individual) at the direction of (name of individual)" or words of similar import.



42.45.080
Notarial act in this state.

(1) A notarial act may be performed in this state by:
(a) A notary public of this state;
(b) A judge, clerk, or deputy clerk of a court of this state; or
(c) Any other individual authorized to perform the specific act by the law of this state.
(2) The signature and title of an individual authorized by chapter 281, Laws of 2017 to perform a notarial act in this state are prima facie evidence that the signature is genuine and that the individual holds the designated title.
(3) The signature and title of a notarial officer described in subsection (1)(a) or (b) of this section conclusively establishes the authority of the officer to perform the notarial act.



42.45.090
Notarial act in another state—Effect in this state.

(1) A notarial act performed in another state has the same effect under the law of this state as if performed by a notarial officer of this state, if the act performed in that state is performed by:
(a) A notary public of that state;
(b) A judge, clerk, or deputy clerk of a court of that state; or
(c) Any other individual authorized by the law of that state to perform the notarial act.
(2) The signature and title of an individual performing a notarial act in another state are prima facie evidence that the signature is genuine and that the individual holds the designated title.
(3) The signature and title of a notarial officer described in subsection (1)(a) through (c) of this section conclusively establishes the authority of the officer to perform the notarial act.



42.45.100
Notarial act under authority of federally recognized Indian tribe.

(1) A notarial act performed under the authority and in the jurisdiction of a federally recognized Indian tribe has the same effect as if performed by a notarial officer of this state, if the act performed in the jurisdiction of the tribe is performed by:
(a) A notary public of the tribe;
(b) A judge, clerk, or deputy clerk of a court of the tribe; or
(c) Any other individual authorized by the law of the tribe to perform the notarial act.
(2) The signature and title of an individual performing a notarial act under the authority of and in the jurisdiction of a federally recognized Indian tribe are prima facie evidence that the signature is genuine and that the individual holds the designated title.
(3) The signature and title of a notarial officer described in subsection (1)(a) through (c) of this section conclusively establishes the authority of the officer to perform the notarial act.



42.45.110
Notarial act under federal authority.

(1) A notarial act performed under federal law has the same effect under the law of this state as if performed by a notarial officer of this state, if the act performed under federal law is performed by:
(a) A judge, clerk, or deputy clerk of a court;
(b) An individual in military service or performing duties under the authority of military service who is authorized to perform notarial acts under federal law;
(c) An individual designated a notarizing officer by the United States department of state for performing notarial acts overseas; or
(d) Any other individual authorized by federal law to perform the notarial act.
(2) The signature and title of an individual acting under federal authority and performing a notarial act are prima facie evidence that the signature is genuine and that the individual holds the designated title.
(3) The signature and title of an officer described in subsection (1)(a), (b), or (c) of this section conclusively establishes the authority of the officer to perform the notarial act.



42.45.120
Foreign notarial act.

(1) In this section, "foreign state" means a government other than the United States, a state, or a federally recognized Indian tribe.
(2) If a notarial act is performed under the authority and in the jurisdiction of a foreign state or constituent unit of the foreign state or is performed under the authority of a multinational or international governmental organization, the act has the same effect under the law of this state as if performed by a notarial officer of this state.
(3) If the title of office and indication of authority to perform notarial acts in a foreign state appears in a digest of foreign law or in a list customarily used as a source for that information, the authority of an officer with that title to perform notarial acts is conclusively established.
(4) The signature and official stamp of an individual holding an office described in subsection (3) of this section are prima facie evidence that the signature is genuine and the individual holds the designated title.
(5) An apostille in the form prescribed by the Hague Convention of October 5, 1961, and issued by a foreign state party to the Hague Convention conclusively establishes that the signature of the notarial officer is genuine and that the officer holds the indicated office.
(6) A consular authentication issued by an individual designated by the United States department of state as a notarizing officer for performing notarial acts overseas and attached to the record with respect to which the notarial act is performed conclusively establishes that the signature of the notarial officer is genuine and that the officer holds the indicated office.



42.45.130
Certificate of notarial act.

*** CHANGE IN 2019 *** (SEE 5641.SL) ***
(1) A notarial act must be evidenced by a certificate. The certificate must:
(a) Be executed contemporaneously with the performance of the notarial act;
(b) Be signed and dated by the notarial officer and, if the notarial officer is a notary public, be signed in the same manner as on file with the department;
(c) Identify the jurisdiction in which the notarial act is performed;
(d) Contain the title of office of the notarial officer;
(e) Be written in English or in dual languages, one of which must be English; and
(f) If the notarial officer is a notary public, indicate the date of expiration, if any, of the officer's commission.
(2) Regarding notarial act certificates on a tangible record:
(a) If a notarial act regarding a tangible record is performed by a notary public, an official stamp must be affixed to or embossed on the certificate.
(b) If a notarial act regarding a tangible record is performed by a notarial officer other than a notary public and the certificate contains the information specified in subsection (1)(b), (c), and (d) of this section, an official stamp may be affixed to or embossed on the certificate.
(3) Regarding notarial act certificates on an electronic record:
(a) If a notarial act regarding an electronic record is performed by an electronic records notary public, an official stamp must be attached to or logically associated with the certificate.
(b) If a notarial act regarding an electronic record is performed by a notarial officer other than a notary public and the certificate contains the information specified in subsection (1)(b), (c), and (d) of this section, an official stamp may be attached to or logically associated with the certificate.
(4) A certificate of a notarial act is sufficient if it meets the requirements of subsections (1) through (3) of this section and:
(a) Is in a short form set forth in RCW 42.45.140;
(b) Is in a form otherwise permitted by the law of this state;
(c) Is in a form permitted by the law applicable in the jurisdiction in which the notarial act was performed; or
(d) Sets forth the actions of the notarial officer and the actions are sufficient to meet the requirements of the notarial act as provided in RCW 42.45.030, 42.45.040, and 42.45.050 or law of this state other than this chapter.
(5) By executing a certificate of a notarial act, a notarial officer certifies that the officer has complied with the requirements and made the determinations specified in RCW 42.45.030, 42.45.040, and 42.45.050.
(6) A notarial officer may not affix the officer's signature to, or logically associate it with, a certificate until the notarial act has been performed.
(7) If a notarial act is performed regarding a tangible record, a certificate must be part of, or securely attached to, the record. If a notarial act is performed regarding an electronic record, the certificate must be affixed to, or logically associated with, the electronic record. If the director has established standards pursuant to RCW 42.45.250 for attaching, affixing, or logically associating the certificate, the process must conform to the standards.



42.45.140
Short form certificates.

*** CHANGE IN 2019 *** (SEE 5641.SL) ***
The following short form certificates of notarial acts are sufficient for the purposes indicated, if completed with the information required by RCW 42.45.130 (1) through (4):
(1) For an acknowledgment in an individual capacity:
State of .......
County of .......
This record was acknowledged before me on (date) by (name(s) of individuals).
 
. . . .
 
(Signature of notary public)
(Stamp)
 
 
. . . .
 
(Title of office)
 
My commission expires:
 
 
. . . .
 
 
(date)
(2) For an acknowledgment in a representative capacity:
State of .......
County of .......
This record was acknowledged before me on (date) by (name(s) of individuals) as (type of authority, such as officer or trustee) of (name of party on behalf of whom record was executed).
 
. . . .
 
(Signature of notary public)
(Stamp)
 
 
. . . .
 
(Title of office)
 
My commission expires:
 
 
. . . .
 
 
(date)
(3) For verification on oath or affirmation:
State of .......
County of .......
Signed and sworn to (or affirmed) before me on (date) by (name(s) of individuals making statement).
 
. . . .
 
(Signature of notary public)
(Stamp)
 
 
. . . .
 
(Title of office)
 
My commission expires:
 
 
. . . .
 
 
(date)
(4) For witnessing or attesting a signature:
State of .......
County of .......
Signed or attested before me on (date) by (name(s) of individuals).
 
. . . .
 
(Signature of notary public)
(Stamp)
 
 
. . . .
 
(Title of office)
 
My commission expires:
 
 
. . . .
 
 
(date)
(5) For certifying or attesting a copy of a record:
State of .......
County of .......
I certify that this is a true and correct copy of a record in the possession of ........
Dated:
. . . .
 
. . . .
 
(Signature of notary public)
(Stamp)
 
 
. . . .
 
(Title of office)
 
My commission expires:
 
 
. . . .
 
 
(date)
(6) For certifying the occurrence of an event or the performance of any act:
State of .......
County of .......
I certify that the event described in this document has occurred or been performed.
Dated:
. . . .
 
. . . .
 
(Signature of notary public)
(Stamp)
 
 
. . . .
 
(Title of office)
 
My commission expires:
 
 
. . . .
 
 
(date)



42.45.150
Official stamp.

(1) It is unlawful for any person intentionally to manufacture, give, sell, procure, or possess a seal or stamp evidencing the current appointment of a person as a notary public until the director has issued a notary commission. The official seal or stamp of a notary public must include:
(a) The words "notary public";
(b) The words "state of Washington";
(c) The notary public's name as commissioned;
(d) The notary public's commission expiration date; and
(e) Any other information required by the director.
(2) The size and form or forms of the seal or stamp shall be prescribed by the director in rule.
(3) The seal or stamp must be capable of being copied together with the record to which it is affixed or attached or with which it is logically associated.
(4) The seal or stamp used at the time that a notarial act is performed must be the seal or stamp evidencing the notary public's commission in effect as of such time, even if the notary public has received the seal or stamp evidencing his or her next commission.



42.45.160
Stamping device—Security.

(1) A notary public is responsible for the security of the notary public's stamping device and may not allow another individual to use the device to perform a notarial act. On resignation from, or the revocation or expiration of, the notary public's commission, or on the expiration of the date set forth in the stamping device, the notary public shall disable the stamping device by destroying, defacing, damaging, erasing, or securing it against use in a manner that renders it unusable. On the death or adjudication of incompetency of a notary public, the notary public's personal representative or guardian or any other person knowingly in possession of the stamping device shall render it unusable by destroying, defacing, damaging, erasing, or securing it against use in a manner that renders it unusable.
(2) The seal or stamp should be kept in a locked and secured area, under the direct and exclusive control of the notary public. If a notary public's stamping device is lost or stolen, the notary public or the notary public's personal representative or guardian shall notify promptly the department on discovering that the device is lost or stolen. Any replacement device must contain a variance from the lost or stolen seal or stamp.



42.45.170
Fees.

(1) The director may establish by rule the maximum fees that may be charged by notaries public for various notarial services.
(2) A notary public need not charge fees for notarial acts.



42.45.180
Journal.

(1) A notary public shall maintain a journal in which the notary public chronicles all notarial acts that the notary public performs. The notary public shall retain the journal for ten years after the performance of the last notarial act chronicled in the journal. The journal is to be destroyed as required by the director in rule upon completion of the ten-year period.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter requiring a notary public to maintain a journal, a notary public who is an attorney licensed to practice law in this state is not required to chronicle a notarial act in a journal if documentation of the notarial act is otherwise maintained by professional practice.
(3) A notary public shall maintain only one tangible journal at a time to chronicle notarial acts, whether those notarial acts are performed regarding tangible or electronic records. The journal must be a permanent, bound register with numbered pages. An electronic records notary public may also maintain an electronic format journal, which can be kept concurrently with the tangible journal. The electronic journal must be in a permanent, tamper-evident electronic format complying with the rules of the director.
(4) An entry in a journal must be made contemporaneously with performance of the notarial act and contain the following information:
(a) The date and time of the notarial act;
(b) A description of the record, if any, and type of notarial act;
(c) The full name and address of each individual for whom the notarial act is performed; and
(d) Any additional information as required by the director in rule.
(5) The journal shall be kept in a locked and secured area, under the direct and exclusive control of the notary public. Failure to secure the journal may be cause for the director to take administrative action against the commission held by the notary public. If a notary public's journal is lost or stolen, the notary public promptly shall notify the department on discovering that the journal is lost or stolen.
(6) On resignation from, or the revocation or suspension of, a notary public's commission, the notary public shall retain the notary public's journal in accordance with subsection (1) of this section and inform the department where the journal is located.



42.45.190
Notarial acts on electronic records—Technology—Notification—Standards.

(1) A notary public may not perform notarial acts with respect to electronic records unless the notary public holds a commission as an electronic records notary public.
(2) An electronic records notary public may select one or more tamper-evident technologies to perform notarial acts with respect to electronic records that meet the standards provided in subsection (4) of this section. A person cannot require an electronic records notary public to perform a notarial act with respect to an electronic record with a technology that the notary public has not selected.
(3) Before an electronic records notary public performs the notary public's initial notarial act with respect to an electronic record, an electronic records notary public shall notify the department that he or she will be performing notarial acts with respect to electronic records and identify the technology the electronic records notary public intends to use.
(4) The director shall establish standards for approval of technology in rule. If the technology conforms to the standards, the director shall approve the use of the technology.



42.45.200
Commission—Qualifications—Oath—Surety bond—Commission term—Electronic records notary public.

(1) An individual qualified under subsection (2) of this section may apply to the director for a commission as a notary public. The applicant shall comply with and provide the information required by rules established by the director and pay any application fee.
(2) An applicant for a commission as a notary public must:
(a) Be at least eighteen years of age;
(b) Be a citizen or permanent legal resident of the United States;
(c) Be a resident of or have a place of employment or practice in this state;
(d) Be able to read and write English; and
(e) Not be disqualified to receive a commission under RCW 42.45.210.
(3) Before issuance of a commission as a notary public, an applicant for the commission shall execute an oath of office and submit it to the department in the format prescribed by the director in rule.
(4) Before issuance of a commission as a notary public, the applicant for a commission shall submit to the director an assurance in the form of a surety bond in the amount established by the director in rule. The assurance must be issued by a surety or other entity licensed or authorized to write surety bonds in this state. The assurance must be effective for a four-year term or for a term that expires on the date the notary public's commission expires. The assurance must cover acts performed during the term of the notary public's commission and must be in the form prescribed by the director. If a notary public violates law with respect to notaries public in this state, the surety or issuing entity is liable under the assurance. The surety or issuing entity shall give at least thirty days' notice to the department before canceling the assurance. The surety or issuing entity shall notify the department not later than thirty days after making a payment to a claimant under the assurance. A notary public may perform notarial acts in this state only during the period that a valid assurance is on file with the department.
(5) On compliance with this section, the director shall issue a commission as a notary public to an applicant for a term of four years or for a term that expires on the date of expiration of the assurance, whichever comes first.
(6) A commission to act as a notary public authorizes the notary public to perform notarial acts. The commission does not provide the notary public any immunity or benefit conferred by law of this state on public officials or employees.
(7) An individual qualified under (a) of this subsection may apply to the director for a commission as an electronic records notary public. The applicant shall comply with and provide the information required by rules established by the director and pay the relevant application fee.
(a) An applicant for a commission as an electronic records notary public must hold a commission as notary public.
(b) An electronic records notary public commission may take the form of an endorsement to the notary public commission if deemed appropriate by the director.



42.45.210
Grounds to deny, refuse to renew, revoke, suspend, or condition commission of notary public.

(1) In addition to conduct defined as unprofessional under RCW 18.235.130, the director may take action as provided for in RCW 18.235.110 against a commission as notary public for any act or omission that demonstrates the individual lacks the honesty, integrity, competence, or reliability to act as a notary public, including:
(a) Failure to comply with this chapter;
(b) A fraudulent, dishonest, or deceitful misstatement or omission in the application for a commission as a notary public submitted to the department;
(c) A conviction of the applicant or notary public of any felony or crime involving fraud, dishonesty, or deceit;
(d) A finding against, or admission of liability by, the applicant or notary public in any legal proceeding or disciplinary action based on the applicant's or notary public's fraud, dishonesty, or deceit;
(e) Failure by the notary public to discharge any duty required of a notary public, whether by this chapter, rules of the director, or any federal or state law;
(f) Use of false or misleading advertising or representation by the notary public representing that the notary public has a duty, right, or privilege that the notary public does not have;
(g) Violation by the notary public of a rule of the director regarding a notary public;
(h) Denial, refusal to renew, revocation, suspension, or conditioning of a notary public commission in another state;
(i) Failure of the notary public to maintain an assurance as provided in RCW 42.45.200(4); or
(j) Making or noting a protest of a negotiable instrument without being a person authorized by RCW 42.45.030(5).
(2) If the director denies, refuses to renew, revokes, suspends, imposes conditions, or otherwise sanctions, a commission as a notary public, the applicant or notary public is entitled to timely notice and hearing in accordance with chapter 34.05 RCW.
(3) The authority of the director to take disciplinary action on a commission as a notary public does not prevent a person from seeking and obtaining other criminal or civil remedies provided by law.



42.45.220
Database of notaries public.

The director shall maintain an electronic database of notaries public:
(1) Through which a person may verify the authority of a notary public to perform notarial acts; and
(2) Which indicates whether a notary public has notified the director that the notary public will be performing notarial acts on electronic records.



42.45.230
Prohibited acts.

(1) A commission as a notary public does not authorize an individual to:
(a) Assist persons in drafting legal records, give legal advice, or otherwise practice law;
(b) Act as an immigration consultant or an expert on immigration matters;
(c) Represent a person in a judicial or administrative proceeding relating to immigration to the United States, United States citizenship, or related matters;
(d) Receive compensation for performing any of the activities listed in this subsection; or
(e) Provide court reporting services.
(2) A notary public may not engage in false or deceptive advertising.
(3) A notary public, other than an attorney licensed to practice law in this state, or a Washington-licensed limited license legal technician acting within the scope of his or her license, may not use the term "notario" or "notario publico."
(4) A notary public, other than an attorney licensed to practice law in this state or a limited license legal technician acting within the scope of his or her license, may not assist another person in selecting the appropriate certificate required by RCW 42.45.130.
(5) A notary public, other than an attorney licensed to practice law in this state, or a Washington-licensed limited license legal technician acting within the scope of his or her license, may not advertise or represent that the notary public may assist persons in drafting legal records, give legal advice, or otherwise practice law. If a notary public who is not an attorney licensed to practice law in this state, or a Washington-licensed limited license legal technician acting within the scope of his or her license, in any manner advertises or represents that the notary public offers notarial services, whether orally or in a record, including broadcast media, print media, and the internet, the notary public shall include the following statement, or an alternate statement authorized or required by the director, in the advertisement or representation, prominently and in each language used in the advertisement or representation: "I am not an attorney licensed to practice law in this state. I am not allowed to draft legal records, give advice on legal matters, including immigration, or charge a fee for those activities." If the form of advertisement or representation is not broadcast media, print media, or the internet and does not permit inclusion of the statement required by this subsection because of size, it must be displayed prominently or provided at the place of performance of the notarial act before the notarial act is performed.
(6) Except as otherwise allowed by law, a notary public may not withhold access to or possession of an original record provided by a person that seeks performance of a notarial act by the notary public. A notary public may not maintain copies or electronic images of documents notarized unless the copies or images are maintained by an attorney or Washington-licensed limited license legal technician acting within his or her scope of practice for the performance of legal services or for other services performed for the client and the copies or images are not maintained solely as part of the notary transaction.



42.45.240
Validity of notarial acts.

Except as otherwise provided in RCW 42.45.020(2), the failure of a notarial officer to perform a duty or meet a requirement specified in this chapter does not invalidate a notarial act performed by the notarial officer. The validity of a notarial act under this chapter does not prevent an aggrieved person from seeking to invalidate the record or transaction that is the subject of the notarial act or from seeking other remedies based on law of this state other than this chapter or law of the United States. This section does not validate a purported notarial act performed by an individual who does not have the authority to perform notarial acts. Nothing in chapter 281, Laws of 2017 gives the director authority to invalidate a notarial act.



42.45.250
Rules.

(1) The director may adopt rules necessary to implement this chapter.
(2) In adopting, amending, or repealing rules about notarial acts with respect to electronic records, the director shall consider standards, practices, and customs of other jurisdictions that substantially enact this chapter.



42.45.260
Commissions in effect July 1, 2018—Continuation.

A commission as a notary public in effect on July 1, 2018, continues until its date of expiration. A notary public who applies to renew a commission as a notary public on or after July 1, 2018, is subject to and shall comply with this chapter. A notary public, in performing notarial acts after July 1, 2018, shall comply with this chapter.



42.45.270
Uniform regulation of business and professions act—Application.

The uniform regulation of business and professions act, chapter 18.235 RCW, governs unlicensed practice, the issuance and denial of licenses, and the discipline of licensees under this chapter.



42.45.900
Short title.

*** CHANGE IN 2019 *** (SEE 5641.SL) ***
This chapter may be known and cited as the revised uniform law on notarial acts.



42.45.901
Application.

This chapter applies to a notarial act performed on or after July 1, 2018.



42.45.902
Savings.

This chapter does not affect the validity or effect of a notarial act performed before July 1, 2018.



42.45.903
Application—Construction.

In applying and construing this uniform act, consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that enact it.



42.45.904
Relation to electronic signatures in global and national commerce act.

This chapter modifies, limits, and supersedes the electronic signatures in global and national commerce act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 7001 et seq., but does not modify, limit, or supersede section 101(c) of that act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 7001(c), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in section 103(b) of that act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 7003(b).



42.45.905
Effective date—2017 c 281.

This act takes effect July 1, 2018.