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PDFWAC 139-01-310

Definitions for Title 139 WAC.

The following definitions apply to Title 139 WAC, unless otherwise defined in a specific chapter or subchapter of this title.
(1) Affiliation means advocating for or providing material support or resources to extremist organizations by:
(a) Knowingly or publicly displaying, posting, or wearing associated items, symbols, costumes, insignias, slogans, tattoos, or body modifications on public property, private property, online, or digitally;
(b) Making public statements in support of an extremist group's activities including, but not limited to, online statements;
(c) Fund-raising for, or making personal contributions through donations, services, or payments of any kind to a group or organization that engages in extremist activities;
(d) Organizing or participating in the activities of an extremist organization;
(e) Recruiting or training others to engage in extremist activities;
(f) Recruiting or training others on behalf of an extremist organization;
(g) Creating, organizing, or taking a leadership role in a group or organization that engages in or advocates for extremist activities; or
(h) Actively demonstrating or rallying in support of extremist activities.
(2) Applicant means an individual who must satisfy the requirements of RCW 43.101.095 as a condition of employment.
(3) Certified officer, unless otherwise specified, means any full-time, general authority peace officer, tribal police officer with a recognized certified tribe, and corrections officer as defined in RCW 43.101.010 (6), (10), and (12).
(4) Commission means the Washington state criminal justice training commission.
(5) Conclusion means the final disposition issued by an employing agency after it has conducted an investigation into alleged misconduct or policy violation.
(6) Day means one calendar day. Computation of time does not include the day of the act or event from which the designated period of time begins to run. The last day of the period shall be included, unless it is a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next weekday that is not a legal holiday.
(7) Denial means a commission decision to refuse to grant certification to a prospective certified officer.
(8) Discipline means an oral reprimand (where a written record of the reprimand has been placed in an employee's file), written reprimand, suspension, demotion, or termination. Discipline does not include performance reviews, work plans, or corrective actions that do not include a reprimand or other adverse employment action.
(9) Executive means the head of a law enforcement agency, such as chiefs, sheriffs, directors, or other equivalent positions.
(10) Expired certification means that a certified officer has had a break in service of over 60 months and their certification is no longer valid.
(11) Extremist organization means an organization or persons that:
(a) Seeks to undermine the democratic process through intimidation, violence, unlawful threat, or by depriving individuals of their rights under the United States Constitution or Washington state Constitution;
(b) Promotes the changing of American government structures through undemocratic means involving violence, unlawful threat, or intimidation;
(c) Promotes hatred, intolerance, unlawful discrimination, intimidation or violence against, public marginalization, or disenfranchisement of protected classes, including on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, gender, perceived gender, or gender expression, race, color, religion, ability, or national origin and other protected classes under RCW 49.60.030 and 43.101.105 (3)(h);
(d) Espouses, advocates, or engages in using force, violence, or unlawful threat to further explicit racism, antisemitism, anti-Muslim, white supremacy or any white nationalist ideology, or any ideology that discriminates based on religion or belief; or
(e) Espouses or advocates that the powers held by local law enforcement executives, and their interpretation of the law, supersedes those of any other federal, state, or local authority.
(12) Final disposition means an employing agency's final decision on a misconduct investigation. The final disposition is not dependent upon any appeals brought by an officer.
(13) Findings or findings of fact and conclusion of law means a determination based on a preponderance of the evidence whether alleged misconduct occurred; did not occur; occurred but was consistent with law and policy; or can neither be proven or disproven.
(14) General authority Washington law enforcement agency means any agency, department, or division of a municipal corporation, political subdivision, or other unit of local government of this state, and any agency, department, or division of state government, having as its primary function the detection and apprehension of persons committing infractions or violating the traffic or criminal laws in general, as distinguished from a limited authority Washington law enforcement agency, and any other unit of government expressly designated by statute as a general authority Washington law enforcement agency. The Washington state patrol and the department of fish and wildlife are general authority Washington law enforcement agencies.
(15) General authority Washington peace officer means any full-time, fully compensated and elected, appointed, or employed officer of a general authority Washington law enforcement agency who is commissioned to enforce the criminal laws of the state of Washington generally.
(16) Lapsed certification means that a certified officer has had a break in service of at least 24 months, but no more than 60 months, and that as a condition of continuing employment the officer must complete the commission's equivalency process.
(17) Limited authority Washington law enforcement agency means any agency, political subdivision, or unit of local government of this state, and any agency, department, or division of state government, having as one of its functions the apprehension or detection of persons committing infractions or violating the traffic or criminal laws relating to limited subject areas including, but not limited to, the state department of natural resources and social and health services, the state gambling commission, the state department of corrections, and the office of independent investigations.
(18) Limited authority Washington peace officer means any full-time fully compensated officer of a limited authority Washington law enforcement agency empowered by that agency to detect or apprehend violators of the laws in some or all of the limited subject areas for which that agency is responsible.
(19) Petitioner means the commission's certification division.
(20) Probationary periods or probationary terms means a determination by a hearing panel that a certified officer may work under supervision based on agreed-upon terms.
(21) Reserve officer means any person who does not serve as a peace officer of this state on a full-time basis, but who, when called by an agency into active service, is fully commissioned on the same basis as full-time officers to enforce criminal laws of this state.
(22) Respondent means the certified officer against whom the petitioner has filed a statement of charges.
(23) Retraining means the teaching or reteaching of skills and conduct required to succeed as a certified officer and imposed by the commission's hearings panel in a final order pursuant to RCW 43.101.105.
(24) Revocation means to cancel a certified officer's certification.
(25) Serious injury means substantial bodily harm and great bodily harm as defined in RCW 9A.04.110 (4)(b) and (c).
(26) Specially commissioned Washington peace officer means any officer, whether part-time or full-time, compensated or not, commissioned by a general authority Washington law enforcement agency to enforce some or all of the criminal laws of the state of Washington, who does not qualify under as a general authority Washington peace officer for that commissioning agency, specifically including reserve peace officers, and specifically commissioned full-time, fully compensated peace officers duly commissioned by the states of Oregon and Idaho or any such peace officer commissioned by a unit of local government of Oregon or Idaho.
(27) Surrender means that a holder of a certificate voluntarily relinquishes their certificate. This may happen while pending potential discipline or for any other reason.
(28) Suspension means a determination by a hearing panel on agreed-upon terms that a certified officer's certification will be withheld and the officer will be temporarily prevented from performing the duties of a certified officer during the determined period.
[Statutory Authority: RCW 43.101.080 and 43.101.801. WSR 22-13-075, § 139-01-310, filed 6/9/22, effective 7/10/22. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.101.080(2). WSR 86-19-021 (Order 1-B), § 139-01-310, filed 9/10/86.]
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