48.200.010  <<  48.200.020 >>   48.200.030

Definitions. (Effective January 1, 2022.)

The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(1) "Affiliate" or "affiliated employer" means a person who directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with, another specified person.
(2) "Certification" has the same meaning as in RCW 48.43.005.
(3) "Employee benefits programs" means programs under both the public employees' benefits board established in RCW 41.05.055 and the school employees' benefits board established in RCW 41.05.740.
(4)(a) "Health care benefit manager" means a person or entity providing services to, or acting on behalf of, a health carrier or employee benefits programs, that directly or indirectly impacts the determination or utilization of benefits for, or patient access to, health care services, drugs, and supplies including, but not limited to:
(i) Prior authorization or preauthorization of benefits or care;
(ii) Certification of benefits or care;
(iii) Medical necessity determinations;
(iv) Utilization review;
(v) Benefit determinations;
(vi) Claims processing and repricing for services and procedures;
(vii) Outcome management;
(viii) Provider credentialing and recredentialing;
(ix) Payment or authorization of payment to providers and facilities for services or procedures;
(x) Dispute resolution, grievances, or appeals relating to determinations or utilization of benefits;
(xi) Provider network management; or
(xii) Disease management.
(b) "Health care benefit manager" includes, but is not limited to, health care benefit managers that specialize in specific types of health care benefit management such as pharmacy benefit managers, radiology benefit managers, laboratory benefit managers, and mental health benefit managers.
(c) "Health care benefit manager" does not include:
(i) Health care service contractors as defined in RCW 48.44.010;
(ii) Health maintenance organizations as defined in RCW 48.46.020;
(iii) Issuers as defined in RCW 48.01.053;
(iv) The public employees' benefits board established in RCW 41.05.055;
(v) The school employees' benefits board established in RCW 41.05.740;
(vi) Discount plans as defined in RCW 48.155.010;
(vii) Direct patient-provider primary care practices as defined in RCW 48.150.010;
(viii) An employer administering its employee benefit plan or the employee benefit plan of an affiliated employer under common management and control;
(ix) A union administering a benefit plan on behalf of its members;
(x) An insurance producer selling insurance or engaged in related activities within the scope of the producer's license;
(xi) A creditor acting on behalf of its debtors with respect to insurance, covering a debt between the creditor and its debtors;
(xii) A behavioral health administrative services organization or other county-managed entity that has been approved by the state health care authority to perform delegated functions on behalf of a carrier;
(xiii) A hospital licensed under chapter 70.41 RCW or ambulatory surgical facility licensed under chapter 70.230 RCW;
(xiv) The Robert Bree collaborative under chapter 70.250 RCW;
(xv) The health technology clinical committee established under RCW 70.14.090; or
(xvi) The prescription drug purchasing consortium established under RCW 70.14.060.
(5) "Health care provider" or "provider" has the same meaning as in RCW 48.43.005.
(6) "Health care service" has the same meaning as in RCW 48.43.005.
(7) "Health carrier" or "carrier" has the same meaning as in RCW 48.43.005.
(8) "Laboratory benefit manager" means a person or entity providing service to, or acting on behalf of, a health carrier, employee benefits programs, or another entity under contract with a carrier, that directly or indirectly impacts the determination or utilization of benefits for, or patient access to, health care services, drugs, and supplies relating to the use of clinical laboratory services and includes any requirement for a health care provider to submit a notification of an order for such services.
(9) "Mental health benefit manager" means a person or entity providing service to, or acting on behalf of, a health carrier, employee benefits programs, or another entity under contract with a carrier, that directly or indirectly impacts the determination of utilization of benefits for, or patient access to, health care services, drugs, and supplies relating to the use of mental health services and includes any requirement for a health care provider to submit a notification of an order for such services.
(10) "Network" means the group of participating providers, pharmacies, and suppliers providing health care services, drugs, or supplies to beneficiaries of a particular carrier or plan.
(11) "Person" includes, as applicable, natural persons, licensed health care providers, carriers, corporations, companies, trusts, unincorporated associations, and partnerships.
(12)(a) "Pharmacy benefit manager" means a person that contracts with pharmacies on behalf of an insurer, a third-party payor, or the prescription drug purchasing consortium established under RCW 70.14.060 to:
(i) Process claims for prescription drugs or medical supplies or provide retail network management for pharmacies or pharmacists;
(ii) Pay pharmacies or pharmacists for prescription drugs or medical supplies;
(iii) Negotiate rebates with manufacturers for drugs paid for or procured as described in this subsection;
(iv) Manage pharmacy networks; or
(v) Make credentialing determinations.
(b) "Pharmacy benefit manager" does not include a health care service contractor as defined in RCW 48.44.010.
(13)(a) "Radiology benefit manager" means any person or entity providing service to, or acting on behalf of, a health carrier, employee benefits programs, or another entity under contract with a carrier, that directly or indirectly impacts the determination or utilization of benefits for, or patient access to, the services of a licensed radiologist or to advanced diagnostic imaging services including, but not limited to:
(i) Processing claims for services and procedures performed by a licensed radiologist or advanced diagnostic imaging service provider; or
(ii) Providing payment or payment authorization to radiology clinics, radiologists, or advanced diagnostic imaging service providers for services or procedures.
(b) "Radiology benefit manager" does not include a health care service contractor as defined in RCW 48.44.010, a health maintenance organization as defined in RCW 48.46.020, or an issuer as defined in RCW 48.01.053.
(14) "Utilization review" has the same meaning as in RCW 48.43.005.
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