48.29.040  <<  48.29.120 >>   48.29.130

Reserve requirements.

In determining the financial condition of a title insurer doing business under this title, the general provisions of chapter 48.12 RCW requiring the establishment of reserves sufficient to cover all known and unknown liabilities including allocated and unallocated loss adjustment expense apply, except that a title insurer shall establish and maintain:
(1) A known claim reserve in an amount estimated to be sufficient to cover all unpaid losses, claims, and allocated loss adjustment expenses arising under title insurance policies, guaranteed certificates of title, guaranteed searches, and guaranteed abstracts of title, and all unpaid losses, claims, and allocated loss adjustment expenses for which the title insurer may be liable, and for which the insurer has received notice by or on behalf of the insured, holder of a guarantee or escrow, or security depositor;
(2)(a) A statutory or unearned premium reserve consisting of:
(i) The amount of the special reserve fund that was required prior to July 24, 2005, which balance must be released in accordance with (b) of this subsection; and
(ii) Additions to the reserve after July 24, 2005, must be made out of total charges for title insurance policies and guarantees written, as set forth in the title insurer's most recent annual statement on file with the commissioner, equal to the sum of the following:
(A) For each title insurance policy on a single risk written or assumed after July 24, 2005, fifteen cents per one thousand dollars of net retained liability for policies under five hundred thousand dollars; and
(B) For each title insurance policy on a single risk written or assumed after July 24, 2005, ten cents per one thousand dollars of net retained liability for policies of five hundred thousand or greater.
(b) The aggregate of the amounts set aside in this reserve in any calendar year pursuant to (a) of this subsection must be released from the reserve and restored to net profits over a period of twenty years under the following formula:
(i) Thirty-five percent of the aggregate sum on July 1st of the year next succeeding the year of addition;
(ii) Fifteen percent of the aggregate sum on July 1st of each of the succeeding two years;
(iii) Ten percent of the aggregate sum on July 1st of the next succeeding year;
(iv) Three percent of the aggregate sum on July 1st of each of the next three succeeding years;
(v) Two percent of the aggregate sum on July 1st of each of the next three succeeding years; and
(vi) One percent of the aggregate sum on July 1st of each of the next succeeding ten years.
(c) The insurer shall calculate an adjusted statutory unearned premium reserve as of July 24, 2005. The adjusted reserve is calculated as if (a)(ii) and (b) of this subsection had been in effect for all years beginning twenty years prior to July 24, 2005. For purposes of this calculation, the balance of the reserve as of that date is deemed to be zero. If the adjusted reserve so calculated exceeds the aggregate amount set aside for statutory or unearned premiums in the insurer's annual statement on file with the commissioner on July 24, 2005, the insurer shall, out of total charges for policies of title insurance, increase its statutory or unearned premium reserve by an amount equal to one-sixth of that excess in each of the succeeding six years, commencing with the calendar year that includes July 24, 2005, until the entire excess has been added.
(d) The aggregate of the amounts set aside in this reserve in any calendar year as adjustments to the insurer's statutory or unearned premium reserve under (c) of this subsection shall be released from the reserve and restored to net profits, or equity if the additions required by (c) of this subsection reduced equity directly, over a period not exceeding ten years under to the [under the] following table:
Year of Addition
Release
Year 11
Equally over 10 years
Year 2
Equally over 9 years
Year 3
Equally over 8 years
Year 4
Equally over 7 years
Year 5
Equally over 6 years
Year 6
Equally over 5 years
1(The calendar year following July 24, 2005).
(3) A supplemental reserve shall be established consisting of any other reserves necessary, when taken in combination with the reserves required by subsections (1) and (2) of this section, to cover the company's liabilities with respect to all losses, claims, and loss adjustment expenses.
(4) The supplemental reserve required under subsection (3) of this section shall be phased in as follows: Twenty-five percent of the otherwise applicable supplemental reserve is required until December 31, 2006; fifty percent of the otherwise applicable supplemental reserve is required until December 31, 2007; and seventy-five percent of the otherwise applicable supplemental reserve is required until December 31, 2008.
[ 2005 c 223 § 16; 1947 c 79 § .29.12; Rem. Supp. 1947 § 45.29.12.]
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