Washington State

House of Representatives

Office of Program Research



Education Committee

HB 2631

This analysis was prepared by non-partisan legislative staff for the use of legislative members in their deliberations. This analysis is not a part of the legislation nor does it constitute a statement of legislative intent.

Brief Description: Creating a family engagement framework.

Sponsors: Representatives Ortiz-Self, Lovick, Frame, Entenman, Dolan, Caldier, Gregerson, Pollet and Davis.

Brief Summary of Bill

  • Establishes a work group to recommend a family engagement framework for early learning through high school.

  • Specifies membership, staffing, meeting, reporting, and other requirements for the work group.

Hearing Date: 1/28/20

Staff: Megan Wargacki (786-7194).


Federal Requirements. Federal law requires that states and school districts develop policies and set aside funds to support parent involvement in Title I schools (schools with large concentrations of students from low-income families). School districts must set aside at least 1 percent of Title I funds for parent and family engagement activities. Ninety percent of the funds must go directly to schools, with priority given to "high need" schools. Funds must be spent in specified areas, for example, on training school staff regarding engagement strategies or on programs that reach families at home, in their communities, and at school. Title I funds can be used to provide high-quality, personalized professional development for school staff to effectively engage parents, families, and community partners

State Requirements. Requirements related to parent and family involvement or engagement are woven into many state education policies, programs, and activities, for example:

In 2010, the Center for the Improvement of Student Learning within the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) was required to determine measures to evaluate parental involvement in a school, and to highlight successful models and practices of parent involvement.

In 2016 the Legislature directed the Office of the Education Ombuds (OEO) to collaborate with the Educational Opportunity Gap Oversight and Accountability Committee to recommend framework for parent and family engagement. The OEO submitted its report to the Legislature on December 1, 2016. The report did not recommend a framework, but did recommended certain steps that the Legislature could take to provide leadership, clarity, and vision in the development and sustainability of meaningful, culturally-responsive school and family partnerships.

Prototypical School Funding Formula. The prototypical school funding formula allocates funding to school districts based on assumed levels of staff and other resources necessary to support a "prototypical" school. School districts have discretion over how these state funds are spent, subject to some limits under the formula:

Summary of Bill:

A work group is established to create a family engagement framework for early learning through high school. At a minimum, the work group must review family engagement policies and practices in Washington and in other states, with a focus on identifying best practices that can be adopted throughout Washington.

Staff support for the work group must be provided by the OSPI and the Department of Children, Youth, and Families (DCYF).

The members of the work group must represent the following groups: the DCYF; the OSPI; the State Board of Education; parents of children in the state Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program or the federal Head Start Program; parents of students in elementary or secondary school; parents of students who are English learners, with at least one parent with a student in preschool and at least one parent with a student in elementary or secondary school; parents of students who are in special education; parents of students in foster care; the Office of the Education Ombuds; the Educational Opportunity Gap Oversight and Accountability Committee; the state Commission on Asian Pacific American affairs; the state Commission on Hispanic affairs; the state Commission on African American affairs; the Governor's Office of Indian Affairs; the Washington State School Directors' Association; a state organization of school principals; a state organization of teachers; early childhood teachers; elementary and postsecondary teachers; and a state organization representing school counselors.

The members of the work group must elect cochairs; one cochair must be a parent and the other cochair must represent a state agency. The work group must meet monthly.

By November 1, 2021, the OSPI must report to the Legislature with a summary of the activities of the work group and its recommendations for a family engagement framework for early learning through high school.

Appropriation: None.

Fiscal Note: Requested on January 21, 2020.

Effective Date: The bill takes effect 90 days after adjournment of the session in which the bill is passed.