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PDFWAC 388-78A-2300

Food and nutrition services.

(1) The assisted living facility must:
(a) Provide a minimum of three meals a day:
(i) At regular intervals;
(ii) With no more than fourteen hours between the evening meal and breakfast, unless the assisted living facility provides a nutritious snack after the evening meal and before breakfast.
(b) Provide sufficient time and staff support for residents to consume meals;
(c) Ensure all menus:
(i) Are written at least one week in advance and delivered to residents' rooms or posted where residents can see them, except as specified in (f) of this subsection;
(ii) Indicate the date, day of week, month and year;
(iii) Include all food and snacks served that contribute to nutritional requirements;
(iv) Are kept at least six months;
(v) Provide a variety of foods; and
(vi) Are not repeated for at least three weeks, except that breakfast menus in assisted living facilities that provide a variety of daily choices of hot and cold foods are not required to have a minimum three-week cycle.
(d) Prepare food on-site, or provide food through a contract with a food service establishment located in the vicinity that meets the requirements of chapter 246-215 WAC Food service;
(e) Serve nourishing, palatable and attractively served meals adjusted for:
(i) Age, gender and activities, unless medically contraindicated; and
(ii) Individual preferences to the extent reasonably possible.
(f) Substitute foods of equal nutrient value, when changes in the current day's menu are necessary, and record changes on the original menu;
(g) Make available and give residents alternate choices in entrees for midday and evening meals that are of comparable quality and nutritional value. The assisted living facility is not required to post alternate choices in entrees on the menu one week in advance, but must record on the menus the alternate choices in entrees that are served;
(h) Develop, make known to residents, and implement a process for residents to express their views and comment on the food services; and
(i) Maintain a dining area or areas approved by the department with a seating capacity for fifty percent or more of the residents per meal setting, or ten square feet times the licensed resident bed capacity, whichever is greater.
(2) The assisted living facility must plan in writing, prepare on-site or provide through a contract with a food service establishment located in the vicinity that meets the requirements of chapter 246-215 WAC, and serve to each resident as ordered:
(a) Prescribed general low sodium, general diabetic, and mechanical soft food diets according to a diet manual. The assisted living facility must ensure the diet manual is:
(i) Available to and used by staff persons responsible for food preparation;
(ii) Approved by a dietitian; and
(iii) Reviewed and updated as necessary or at least every five years.
(b) Prescribed nutrient concentrates and supplements when prescribed in writing by a health care practitioner.
(3) The assisted living facility may provide to a resident at his or her request and as agreed upon in the resident's negotiated service agreement, nonprescribed:
(a) Modified or therapeutic diets;
(b) Nutritional concentrates or supplements.
[Statutory Authority: Chapter 18.20 RCW. WSR 13-13-063, § 388-78A-2300, filed 6/18/13, effective 7/19/13; WSR 10-03-066, § 388-78A-2300, filed 1/15/10, effective 2/15/10. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.20.090. WSR 06-01-047, § 388-78A-2300, filed 12/15/05, effective 1/15/06. Statutory Authority: RCW 18.20.090 (2004 c 142 § 19) and chapter 18.20 RCW. WSR 04-16-065, § 388-78A-2300, filed 7/30/04, effective 9/1/04.]
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