Chapter 48.115 RCW

RENTAL CAR INSURANCE

Sections

48.115.001Short title.
48.115.005Definitions.
48.115.010License required.
48.115.015Licensing rental car companies as rental car insurance producers.
48.115.020Rental car insurance producer endorseesDuties of rental car insurance producerTrainingTransaction records.
48.115.025Restrictions on offer, sale, or solicitationConsumer information.
48.115.030Rental car insurance producer prohibitions.
48.115.035EnforcementCommissioner may revoke, suspend, or refuse to issue or renew license.
48.115.040Treatment of moneys collected from renters purchasing insurance.
48.115.045Rule making.


Short title.

This chapter may be known and cited as the rental car specialty insurance producer license act.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Definitions.

The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(1) "Endorsee" means an unlicensed employee or agent of a rental car insurance producer who meets the requirements of this chapter.
(2) "Person" means an individual or a business entity.
(3) "Rental agreement" means any written master, corporate, group, or individual agreement setting forth the terms and conditions governing the use of a rental car rented or leased by a rental car company.
(4) "Rental car" means any motor vehicle that is intended to be rented or leased for a period of thirty consecutive days or less by a driver who is not required to possess a commercial driver's license to operate the motor vehicle and the motor vehicle is either of the following:
(a) A private passenger motor vehicle, including a passenger van, recreational vehicle, minivan, or sports [sport] utility vehicle; or
(b) A cargo vehicle, including a cargo van, pickup truck, or truck with a gross vehicle weight of less than twenty-six thousand pounds.
(5) "Rental car insurance producer" means any rental car company that is licensed to offer, sell, or solicit rental car insurance under this chapter.
(6) "Rental car company" means any person in the business of renting rental cars to the public, including a franchisee.
(7) "Rental car insurance" means insurance offered, sold, or solicited in connection with and incidental to the rental of rental cars, whether at the rental office or by preselection of coverage in master, corporate, group, or individual agreements that: (a) Is nontransferable; (b) applies only to the rental car that is the subject of the rental agreement; and (c) is limited to the following kinds of insurance:
(i) Personal accident insurance for renters and other rental car occupants, for accidental death or dismemberment, and for medical expenses resulting from an accident that occurs with the rental car during the rental period;
(ii) Liability insurance, including uninsured or underinsured motorist coverage, whether offered separately or in combination with other liability insurance, that provides protection to the renters and to other authorized drivers of a rental car for liability arising from the operation of the rental car during the rental period;
(iii) Personal effects insurance that provides coverage to renters and other vehicle occupants for loss of, or damage to, personal effects in the rental car during the rental period; and
(iv) Roadside assistance and emergency sickness protection insurance.
(8) "Renter" means any person who obtains the use of a vehicle from a rental car company under the terms of a rental agreement.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



License required.

(1) A rental car company, or officer, director, employee, or agent of a rental car company, may not offer, sell, or solicit the purchase of rental car insurance unless that person is licensed under chapter 48.17 RCW or is in compliance with this chapter.
(2) The commissioner may issue a license to a rental car company that is in compliance with this chapter authorizing the rental car company to act as a rental car insurance producer under this chapter, in connection with and incidental to rental agreements, on behalf of any insurer authorized to write rental car insurance in this state.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Licensing rental car companies as rental car insurance producers.

A rental car company may apply to be licensed as a rental car insurance producer under, and if in compliance with, this chapter by filing the following documents with the commissioner:
(1) A written application for licensure, signed by the applicant or by an officer of the applicant, in the form prescribed by the commissioner that includes a listing of all locations at which the rental car company intends to offer, sell, or solicit rental car insurance; and
(2)(a) A certificate by the insurer that is to be named in the rental car insurance producer license, stating that: (i) The insurer has satisfied itself that the named applicant is trustworthy and competent to act as its rental car insurance producer, limited to this purpose; (ii) the insurer has reviewed the endorsee training and education program required by RCW 48.115.020(4) and believes that it satisfies the statutory requirements; and (iii) the insurer will appoint the applicant to act as its rental car insurance producer to offer, sell, or solicit rental car insurance, if the license for which the applicant is applying is issued by the commissioner.
(b) The certification shall be subscribed by an authorized representative of the insurer on a form prescribed by the commissioner.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Rental car insurance producer endorseesDuties of rental car insurance producerTrainingTransaction records.

(1) An employee or agent of a rental car insurance producer may be an endorsee authorized to offer, sell, or solicit rental car insurance under the authority of the rental car insurance producer license, if all of the following conditions have been satisfied:
(a) The employee or agent is eighteen years of age or older;
(b) The employee or agent is a trustworthy person and has not committed any act set forth in RCW 48.17.530;
(c) The employee or agent has completed a training and education program;
(d) The rental car company, at the time it submits its rental car insurance producer license application, also submits a list of the names of all endorsees to its rental car insurance producer license on forms prescribed by the commissioner. The list shall be updated and submitted to the commissioner quarterly on a calendar year basis. Each list shall be retained by the rental car company for a period of three years from submission; and
(e) The rental car company or its agent submits to the commissioner with its initial rental car insurance producer license application, and annually thereafter, a certification subscribed by an officer of the rental car company on a form prescribed by the commissioner, stating all of the following:
(i) No person other than an endorsee offers, sells, or solicits rental car insurance on its behalf or while working as an employee or agent of the rental car insurance producer; and
(ii) All endorsees have completed the training and education program under subsection (4) of this section.
(2) A rental car insurance producer's endorsee may only act on behalf of the rental car insurance producer in the offer, sale, or solicitation of a rental car insurance. A rental car insurance producer is responsible for, and must supervise, all actions of its endorsees related to the offering, sale, or solicitation of rental car insurance. The conduct of an endorsee acting within the scope of his or her employment or agency is the same as the conduct of the rental car insurance producer for purposes of this chapter.
(3) The manager at each location of a rental car insurance producer, or the direct supervisor of the rental car insurance producer's endorsees at each location, must be an endorsee of that rental car insurance producer and is responsible for the supervision of each additional endorsee at that location. Each rental car insurance producer shall identify the endorsee who is the manager or direct supervisor at each location in the endorsee list that it submits under subsection (1)(d) of this section.
(4) Each rental car insurance producer shall provide a training and education program for each endorsee prior to allowing an endorsee to offer, sell, or solicit rental car insurance. Details of the program must be submitted to the commissioner, along with the license application, for approval prior to use, and resubmitted for approval of any changes prior to use. This training program shall meet the following minimum standards:
(a) Each endorsee shall receive instruction about the kinds of insurance authorized under this chapter that may be offered for sale to prospective renters; and
(b) Each endorsee shall receive training about the requirements and limitations imposed on rental car insurance producers and endorsees under this chapter. The training must include specific instruction that the endorsee is prohibited by law from making any statement or engaging in any conduct express or implied, that would lead a consumer to believe that the:
(i) Purchase of rental car insurance is required in order for the renter to rent a motor vehicle;
(ii) Renter does not have insurance policies in place that already provide the coverage being offered by the rental car company under this chapter; or
(iii) Endorsee is qualified to evaluate the adequacy of the renter's existing insurance coverages.
(5) The training and education program submitted to the commissioner is approved if no action is taken within thirty days of its submission.
(6) An endorsee's authorization to offer, sell, or solicit rental car insurance expires when the endorsee's employment with the rental car company is terminated.
(7) The rental car insurance producer shall retain for a period of one year from the date of each transaction records which enable it to identify the name of the endorsee involved in each rental transaction when a renter purchases rental car insurance.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Restrictions on offer, sale, or solicitationConsumer information.

Insurance may not be offered, sold, or solicited under this section, unless:
(1) The rental period of the rental car agreement is thirty consecutive days or less;
(2) At every location where rental agreements are executed, the rental car insurance producer or endorsee provides brochures or other written materials to each renter who purchases rental car insurance that clearly, conspicuously, and in plain language:
(a) Summarize, clearly and correctly, the material terms, exclusions, limitations, and conditions of coverage offered to renters, including the identity of the insurer;
(b) Describe the process for filing a claim in the event the renter elects to purchase coverage, including a toll-free telephone number to report a claim;
(c) Provide the rental car insurance producer's name, address, telephone number, and license number, as well as the commissioner's consumer hotline number;
(d) Inform the consumer that the rental car insurance offered, sold, or solicited by the rental car insurance producer may provide a duplication of coverage already provided by a renter's personal automobile insurance policy, homeowners' insurance policy, or by another source of coverage;
(e) Inform the consumer that the purchase by the renter of the rental car insurance is not required in order to rent a rental car from the rental car insurance producer; and
(f) Inform the consumer that the rental car insurance producer and the rental car insurance producer's endorsees are not qualified to evaluate the adequacy of the renter's existing insurance coverages;
(3) The purchaser of rental car insurance acknowledges in writing the receipt of the brochures or written materials required by subsection (2) of this section;
(4) Evidence of the rental car insurance coverage is stated on the face of the rental agreement;
(5) All costs for the rental car insurance are separately itemized in the rental agreement;
(6) When the rental car insurance is not the primary source of coverage, the consumer is informed in writing in the form required by subsection (2) of this section that their personal insurance will serve as the primary source of coverage; and
(7) For transactions conducted by electronic means, the rental car insurance producer must comply with the requirements of this section, and the renter must acknowledge in writing or by electronic signature the receipt of the following disclosures:
(a) The insurance policies offered by the rental car insurance producer may provide a duplication of coverage already provided by a renter's personal automobile insurance policy, homeowners' insurance policy, or by another source of coverage;
(b) The purchase by the renter of rental car insurance is not required in order to rent a rental car from the rental car insurance producer; and
(c) The rental car insurance producer and the rental car insurance producer's endorsees are not qualified to evaluate the adequacy of the renter's existing insurance coverages.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Rental car insurance producer prohibitions.

A rental car insurance producer may not:
(1) Offer, sell, or solicit the purchase of insurance except in conjunction with and incidental to rental car agreements;
(2) Advertise, represent, or otherwise portray itself or any of its employees or agents as licensed insurers or insurance producers;
(3) Pay any person, including a rental car insurance producer endorsee, any compensation, fee, or commission that is dependent primarily on the placement of insurance under the license issued under this chapter;
(4) Make any statement or engage in any conduct, express or implied, that would lead a customer to believe that the:
(a) Insurance policies offered by the rental car insurance producer do not provide a duplication of coverage already provided by a renter's personal automobile insurance policy, homeowners' insurance policy, or by another source of coverage;
(b) Purchase by the renter of rental car insurance is required in order to rent a rental car from the rental car insurance producer; and
(c) Rental car insurance producer or the rental car insurance producer's endorsees are qualified to evaluate the adequacy of the renter's existing insurance coverages.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



EnforcementCommissioner may revoke, suspend, or refuse to issue or renew license.

(1) Every rental car insurance producer licensed under this chapter shall promptly reply in writing to an inquiry of the commissioner relative to the business of rental car insurance.
(2)(a) In the event of a violation of this chapter by a rental car insurance producer, the commissioner may revoke, suspend, or refuse to issue or renew any rental car insurance producer's license that is issued or may be issued under this chapter for any cause specified in any other provision of this title, or for any of the following causes:
(i) For any cause that the issuance of this license could have been refused had it then existed and been known to the commissioner;
(ii) If the licensee or applicant willfully violates or knowingly participates in a violation of this title or any proper order or rule of the commissioner;
(iii) If the licensee or applicant has obtained or attempted to obtain a license through willful misrepresentation or fraud;
(iv) If the licensee or applicant has misappropriated or converted funds that belong to, or should be paid to, another person as a result of, or in connection with, a rental car or insurance transaction;
(v) If the licensee or applicant has, with intent to deceive, materially misrepresented the terms or effects of any insurance contract, or has engaged, or is about to engage, in any fraudulent transaction;
(vi) If the licensee or applicant or officer of the licensee or applicant has been convicted by final judgment of a felony;
(vii) If the licensee or applicant is shown to be, and is determined by the commissioner, incompetent or untrustworthy, or a source of injury and loss to the public; and
(viii) If the licensee has dealt with, or attempted to deal with, insurances, or has exercised powers relative to insurance outside the scope of the rental car insurance producer license or other insurance licenses.
(b) If any natural person named under a firm or corporate rental car insurance producer license, or application therefore, commits or has committed any act, or fails or has failed to perform any duty, that constitutes grounds for the commissioner to revoke, suspend, or refuse to issue or renew the license or application for license, the commissioner may revoke, suspend, refuse to renew, or refuse to issue the license or application for a license of the corporation or firm.
(c) Any conduct of an applicant or licensee that constitutes grounds for disciplinary action under this title may be addressed under this section regardless of where the conduct took place.
(d) The holder of any license that has been revoked or suspended shall surrender the license to the commissioner at the commissioner's request.
(e) After notice and hearing the commissioner may impose other penalties, including suspending the transaction of insurance at specific rental locations where violations of this section have occurred and imposing fines on the manager or supervisor at each location responsible for the supervision and conduct of each endorsee, as the commissioner determines necessary or convenient to carry out the purpose of this chapter.
(3) The commissioner may suspend, revoke, or refuse to renew any rental car insurance producer license by an order served by mail or personal service upon the licensee not less than fifteen days prior to its effective date. The order is subject to the right of the licensee to a hearing under chapter 48.04 RCW.
(4) The commissioner may temporarily suspend a license by an order served by mail or personal service upon the licensee not less than three days prior to its effective date. However, the order must contain a notice of revocation and include a finding that the public safety or welfare imperatively requires emergency action. These suspensions may continue only until proceedings for revocation are concluded. The commissioner may also temporarily suspend a license in cases when proceedings for revocation are pending if it is found that the public safety or welfare imperatively requires emergency action.
(5) Service by mail under this section means posting in the United States mail, addressed to the licensee at the most recent address shown in the commissioner's licensing records for the licensee. Service by mail is complete upon deposit in the United States mail.
(6) If any person sells insurance in connection with or incidental to rental car agreements, or holds himself or herself or a company out as a rental car insurance producer, without satisfying the requirements of this chapter, the commissioner is authorized to issue a cease and desist order.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Treatment of moneys collected from renters purchasing insurance.

A rental car insurance producer is not required to treat moneys collected from renters purchasing rental car insurance as funds received in a fiduciary capacity, if:
(1) The charges for rental car insurance coverage are itemized and ancillary to a rental transaction; and
(2) The insurer has consented in writing, signed by an officer of the insurer, that premiums need not be segregated from funds received by the rental car insurance producer.

NOTES:

SeverabilityEffective date2008 c 217: See notes following RCW 48.03.020.



Rule making.

The commissioner may adopt rules necessary to implement this chapter, including rules establishing licensing fees to defray the cost of administering this chapter.