23B.12.010  <<  23B.12.020 >>   End of Chapter

Sale of property and assets other than in the usual and regular course of business.

*** CHANGE IN 2019 *** (SEE 5003-S.SL) ***
(1) A corporation may sell, lease, exchange, or otherwise dispose of all, or substantially all, of its property and assets, otherwise than in the usual and regular course of business, on the terms and conditions and for the consideration determined by the corporation's board of directors. Except as provided in subsection (8) of this section, a transaction described in this subsection requires approval of the corporation's shareholders.
(2) For a transaction to be approved by a corporation's shareholders:
(a) The board of directors must submit the proposed transaction to the shareholders for their approval;
(b) The board of directors must recommend the proposed transaction to the shareholders unless (i) the board of directors determines that because of conflict of interest or other special circumstances it should make no recommendation or (ii) RCW 23B.08.245 applies, and in either case the board of directors communicates the basis for so proceeding to the shareholders; and
(c) The shareholders entitled to vote must approve the transaction.
(3) The board of directors may condition its submission of the proposed transaction on any basis, including the affirmative vote of holders of a specified percentage of shares held by any group of shareholders not otherwise entitled under this title or the articles of incorporation to vote as a separate voting group on the proposed transaction.
(4) If the approval of the shareholders is to be given at a meeting, the corporation shall notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the proposed shareholders' meeting at which the proposed transaction is to be submitted for approval in accordance with RCW 23B.07.050. The notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of all, or substantially all, of the property and assets of the corporation and contain or be accompanied by a description of the transaction.
(5) In addition to any other voting conditions imposed by the board of directors under subsection (3) of this section, the transaction must be approved by two-thirds of the voting group comprising all the votes entitled to be cast on the transaction, and of each other voting group entitled under the articles of incorporation to vote separately on the transaction, unless shareholder approval is not required under subsection (8) of this section. The articles of incorporation may require a greater or lesser vote than provided in this subsection, or a greater or lesser vote by any separate voting groups provided for in the articles of incorporation, so long as the required vote is not less than a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the transaction and of each other voting group entitled to vote separately on the transaction.
(6) After a sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of property and assets has been approved as required by this section, the transaction may be abandoned, subject to any contractual rights, without further shareholder approval, in a manner determined by the board of directors.
(7) A transaction that constitutes a distribution is governed by RCW 23B.06.400 and not by this section.
(8) Unless the articles of incorporation otherwise require, approval by the shareholders of a parent corporation is not required for the transfer of any or all of the parent corporation's property and assets to one or more subsidiary corporations or other entities all of the shares or interests of which are owned, directly or indirectly, by the parent corporation.
(9) The sale, lease, exchange, or other disposition of all, or substantially all, the assets of one or more subsidiaries of a corporation, if not in the usual and regular course of business as conducted by that subsidiary or those subsidiaries, is to be treated as a disposition by the parent corporation within the meaning of subsection (1) of this section if the subsidiary or subsidiaries constitute all, or substantially all, the assets of the parent corporation.
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