19.34.270  <<  19.34.280 >>   19.34.290

Recommended reliance limitLiabilityDamages.

(1) By clearly specifying a recommended reliance limit in a certificate and in the certification practice statement, the issuing certification authority recommends that persons rely on the certificate only to the extent that the total amount at risk does not exceed the recommended reliance limit.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) of this section, unless a licensed certification authority waives application of this subsection, a licensed certification authority is:
(a) Not liable for a loss caused by reliance on a false or forged digital signature of a subscriber, if, with respect to the false or forged digital signature, the certification authority complied with all material requirements of this chapter;
(b) Not liable in excess of the amount specified in the certificate as its recommended reliance limit for either:
(i) A loss caused by reliance on a misrepresentation in the certificate of a fact that the licensed certification authority is required to confirm; or
(ii) Failure to comply with RCW 19.34.210 in issuing the certificate;
(c) Not liable for:
(i) Punitive or exemplary damages. Nothing in this chapter may be interpreted to permit punitive or exemplary damages that would not otherwise be permitted by the law of this state; or
(ii) Damages for pain or suffering.
(3) Nothing in subsection (2)(a) of this section relieves a licensed certification authority of its liability for breach of any of the warranties or certifications it gives under RCW 19.34.220 or for its lack of good faith, which warranties and obligation of good faith may not be disclaimed. However, the standards by which the performance of a licensed certification authority's obligation of good faith is to be measured may be determined by agreement or notification complying with subsection (4) of this section if the standards are not manifestly unreasonable. The liability of a licensed certification authority under this subsection is subject to the limitations in subsection (2)(b) and (c) of this section unless the limits are waived by the licensed certification authority.
(4) Consequential or incidental damages may be liquidated, or may otherwise be limited, altered, or excluded unless the limitation, alteration, or exclusion is unconscionable. A licensed certification authority may liquidate, limit, alter, or exclude consequential or incidental damages as provided in this subsection by agreement or by notifying any person who will rely on a certificate of the liquidation, limitation, alteration, or exclusion before the person relies on the certificate.


Effective date1999 c 287: See note following RCW 19.34.010.
Effective dateSeverability1997 c 27: See notes following RCW 19.34.030.
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