4.24.790  <<  4.24.795 >>   4.24.800

RCW 4.24.795

Distribution of intimate images—Liability for damages, other civil penalties—Confidentiality of the plaintiff.

(1) A person distributes an intimate image of another person when that person intentionally and without consent distributes, transmits, or otherwise makes available an intimate image or images of that other person that was:
(a) Obtained under circumstances in which a reasonable person would know or understand that the image was to remain private; or
(b) Knowingly obtained by that person without authorization or by exceeding authorized access from the other person's property, accounts, messages, files, or resources.
(2) Any person who distributes an intimate image of another person as described in subsection (1) of this section and at the time of such distribution knows or reasonably should know that disclosure would cause harm to the depicted person shall be liable to that other person for actual damages including, but not limited to, pain and suffering, emotional distress, economic damages, and lost earnings, reasonable attorneys' fees, and costs. The court may also, in its discretion, award injunctive relief as it deems necessary.
(3) Factors that may be used to determine whether a reasonable person would know or understand that the image was to remain private include:
(a) The nature of the relationship between the parties;
(b) The circumstances under which the intimate image was taken;
(c) The circumstances under which the intimate image was distributed; and
(d) Any other relevant factors.
(4) It shall be an affirmative defense to a violation of this section that the defendant is a family member of a minor and did not intend any harm or harassment in disclosing the images of the minor to other family or friends of the defendant. This affirmative defense shall not apply to matters defined under RCW 9.68A.011.
(5) As used in this section, "intimate image" means any photograph, motion picture film, videotape, digital image, or any other recording or transmission of another person who is identifiable from the image itself or from information displayed with or otherwise connected to the image, and that was taken in a private setting, is not a matter of public concern, and depicts:
(a) Sexual activity, including sexual intercourse as defined in RCW 9A.44.010 and masturbation; or
(b) A person's intimate body parts, whether nude or visible through less than opaque clothing, including the genitals, pubic area, anus, or postpubescent female nipple.
(6) In an action brought under this section, the court shall:
(a) Make it known to the plaintiff as early as possible in the proceedings of the action that the plaintiff may use a confidential identity in relation to the action;
(b) Allow a plaintiff to use a confidential identity in all petitions, filings, and other documents presented to the court;
(c) Use the confidential identity in all of the court's proceedings and records relating to the action, including any appellate proceedings; and
(d) Maintain the records relating to the action in a manner that protects the confidentiality of the plaintiff.
(7) Nothing in this section shall be construed to impose liability on an interactive computer service, as defined in 47 U.S.C. 230(f)(2) as it exists on September 26, 2015, for content provided by another person.
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